Kingdom of Tretrid
ᚦᚱᛖᚾᚪᚾ ᚱᛁᚳᛖ (Tretridian)
Motto: "ᚫᚠᚱᛖᛚᛁᚳᛖ ᚠᚩᚱᚦᚹᛠᚱᛞ"
Location of Tretrid
|Recognised national languages||Staynish|
|Recognised regional languages||Norvian, Peyeterin|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
• Union with Seccera
• Constitution established
• Current borders
|1,352,790.112 km2 (522,315.182 sq mi) (14th)|
• 2023 estimate
• 2020 census
|86/km2 (222.7/sq mi) (76th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2023 estimate|
|$3.164 trillion (11th)|
• Per capita
|Gini (2019)|| 30.8|
|SDI (2019)|| 0.933|
|Currency||Tretridian pound (|
|ISO 3166 code||TR|
Tretrid (Tretridian: ᚦᚱᛖᚾᚪ, Þrena), officially known as the Kingdom of Tretrid, is a nation located in southern Novaris. It is the second most populous country in Novaris and the third largest by area. It is situated between the Atlantian Sea to the north, the Bay of Lapinum to the south, and the Nalpian Mountains to the west. Tretrid borders Celanora and Transnalpia to the west, and Lapinumbia to the south. Tretrid's capital is Cynebury, though its largest city is Sigested.
Tretrid's history dates back to the Threnan Kingdom of antiquity, which lasted roughly from the 1st century BCE to the Toré Eruption of 512, after which resulting famine tore the polity apart, leading to its utter collapse and much of its territory fragmenting into smaller, more isolated city-states. The following centuries were characterized by infighting among these city-states, as well as the rise and fall of Westrice, which was situated north of formerly Threnan lands.
The arrival of Ulvrikian settlers from the east in the 11th century lead to a chain of mass migration and ensuing turmoil, followed by the rapid consolidation of Tretrid into three kingdoms, a state that would last for about 200 years until Ælfric I unified the peninsula and proclaimed the creation of the Kingdom of Tretrid in 1256. Over the next two centuries, Tretrid would expand into Celanor lands and gain more and more power in Novaris. This expansionism reached its peak in the 15th century with the establishment of Tretridian West Novaris. A the War of the Tretridian Succession, in which Tretrid largely collapsed into civil war, Tretrid would lose most of West Novaris and lose its southern coast to Lapinumbia.
Tretrid has historically been one of the premier powers of Novaris, which would often brought it into conflict with other nations. Indeed, the first 4 centuries of the unified Tretrid's history was largely characterized by its power struggles with the Celanor Empire, though this largely ended as Celanor declined. During the 18th century, Tretrid fought a war with Ethalria and waged multiple wars against Norgsveldet. However, the rise of Volscina as a regional power in Novaris and later as a great power brought it into direct conflict with Tretrid, starting in the early 19th century. This rivalry resulted in the countries taking opposing sides in the Great War and eventually culminated in the Novaran Cold War that pervaded much of the 20th century. The collapse of the Volscine Confederation and the resulting civil war ended the Novaran Cold War in Tretrid's favor. However, the rise and fall of Correva, among other things, have reignited tensions between Tretrid and Volscina, enough to the point where most agree that the Karolingian crisis marked the start of a Second Novaran Cold War.
Despite its many issues and what has been argued to be its decline, Tretrid is still generally considered a great power. Indeed, even though Tretrid has only the third highest military expenditure in Novaris, Tretrid more than makes up for it with soft power; indeed, its admission to the North Concordian Economic Forum and its role in creating the League of Novaris have only served to amplify this. Tretrid also largely maintains its position of power through alliances, most notably the Tolinsk Accords, though Tretrid also maintains observer status in the North Shield Treaty Organization and Interregional Security Accords. Tretrid's system of alliances has been argued to be the main reason why Tretrid still remains the dominant power in West Novaris, especially compared to the significantly more diplomatically isolated Volscina.
The term for Tretrid in its native language, Þrena, derives from the name of the Yuserist god Thret, or Þret. This dates back to the Threnan Kingdom, which, according to myth, had been founded by Thret himself. While the name Þrena was originally associated with the Threnan Kingdom, it was eventually coopted to refer to the land itself. After its unification in 1256, Tretrid claimed itself to be the continuation of the Threnan Kingdom, and indeed still calls itself such to this day: Þrenan Rīce literally translates to "Threnan Kingdom."
The name "Tretrid" was largely coined by Staynish explorers, deriving from the Impelanzan Trétid. That name was the one given to the Threnan kingdom by Impelanzan merchants who traded with Threnan, and was derived from the name the ancient Threnans gave themselves.
Around the 11th century, a series of wars erupted in Norgsveldet which led to the creation of the kingdoms of Riksheim and Novreheim. Many people fled Norgsveldet, and some of them crossed the Concordian Ocean and settled in Novaris.
Some of these Norgsveltians settled in Tretrid, bringing Norgsveltian culture and Ulvriktru to Tretrid. As they assimilated into Tretrid, Tretridian culture started to have certain Norgsveltian influences to them, and Ulvriktru soon replaced Yuserism as the dominant faith in Tretrid.
The migrations of Norgsveltians displaced some of the people already living there, which lead to a wave of migrations throughout Tretrid, as well as a series of wars. The balance of power was severly disrupted, and by the end of the 11th Century, three kingdoms, Norþrena, Easþrena, and Suþrena had consolidated power and become the dominant powers in Tretrid.
The period from the 11th Century to the unification of Tretrid in the 13th Century has been named the "Triarchy" by historians.
Unification and expansion
The Triarchy would meet its end when Ælfric I of Norþrena conquered the other two kingdoms and unified them into one country.
The newly-unified Tretrid had a significant amount of power, and so Tretrid clashed with Celanor, at that time the dominant power in West Novaris. Tretrid managed to gain a series of territorial concessions in a series of wars from the late 13th Century to the 14th Century.
The advent of gunpowder and firearms tipped the balance in favor of Tretrid, leading to Tretrid seizing all Celanor land west of the Nalpians, and also lead Tretrid to seize ports on the coast of both Celanorall the way to modern-day Volscina. Tretrid would consolidate these overseas gains under Tretridian West Novaris.
Tretrid was largely the dominant power of Novaris from the 15th century to the 17th century, and it largely interfered with the affairs of its neighbors in that period, including, most infamously, the War of Seven Emperors, where Tretridian West Novaris annexed a significant amount of territory from Volscina, while the King of Tretrid also won the throne of Seccera.
War of the Tretridian Succession
In 1649, King Cynric III, seeing that he had no male heir, asked the Witenagemot to change the official succession laws in Tretrid so that his daughter Eadgyð could be Queen after his death. After much debate and negotiating, the Witan eventually approved this matter, undoing the laws preventing a woman from ascending to the throne.
When Cynric III died in 1650, even despite the succession laws being changed, Ælfheah of Sigested, Eadgyð's cousin, newly crowned King of Seccera, and the heir apparent prior to the change in succession laws, declared himself the rightful King of Tretrid. This was despite Eadgyð being crowned Queen Eadgyð I soon after Cynric III's death. Angry at the lack of recognition of his claims by the Witan, Ælfheah named himself Ælfheah III and raised an army to try to march on Cynebury.
The ensuing conflict lasted ten years, and devastated Tretrid. The war depleted the authority of the Tretridian throne, leading to many opportunistic nobles breaking away from the crown. Even after Eadgyð I won the war, Tretrid had been severely weakened.
Eadgyð I would spend the next twenty years after the war reconquering the breakaway states and reestablishing Tretridian authority, as well as invading Seccera to claim the Secceran throne. This period, which lasted from 1650 to 1680, has been named the Tretridian Anarchy by historians.
Most of Tretridian West Novaris had been lost in the war, as the collapse of authority in Cynebury caused no small number of troubles for the colonies. They were swiftly reclaimed by Volscina and Celanora. Furthermore, Eadgyð I was unable to change the succession laws of Seccera to let another woman potentially inherit the crown due to resistance from the Volscine Emperor.
Ulvriktruar Wars of Religion
In 1770, King Gustaf II of Norgsveldet declared himself the Fylkir of Ulvriktru, declaring himself the head of Ulvriktru over the traditional Ulvriktruar leader, the High Gothir. The following religious schism would split the religion into two denominations: Gustafic Ulvriktru, which recognized Gustaf II as the Fylkir; and Gothiric Ulvriktru, which continued to recognize the Gothirs as the religious authority.
Following Gustaf's declaration, King Ælfræd IV proclaimed the Edict of Sweoraport, which refused to recognize Gustaf as Fylkir and instead reaffirmed the authority of the Gothirs. This in effect enforced Gothiric Ulvriktru as the state religion of Tretrid. Ælfred quickly followed this up by decreeing that anyone who believed that Gustaf was the leader of the religion were heretics and were to be punished accordingly. This led to a 50-year era of religious fervor and state persecution of Gustafists. After Ælfræd's death a year later, his successor Bada II took the throne and proceeded to wage a number of wars against Norgsveldet and its allies and encouraging the cultivation and spread of ideologies (especially Gothiric Republicanism) that opposed the supposed primacy of the Norgsveltian crown.
The resulting series of wars, whether directly fought between Tretrid and Norgsveldet, or between proxies, proved to be a massive drain on the Tretridian treasury, and while the Witenagemot was initially compliant with Bada's requests to increase taxes for the war effort (having had very little power under Ælfræd IV's reign), a group of disgruntled nobles and their political allies was able to group together and assert themselves to force the crown to limit the tax rates on the nobility. This group eventually became known as the Eorlist faction, and the members of the Witenagemot who supported the efforts of the King became known as the Cynist faction.
This left the monarchy in a dilemma—Bada could either attempt to strong-arm the Witan into compliance, or he could massively increase taxes on commoners, both of which would invite unrest at an inopportune time and spread republicanism in Tretrid itself. His solution was to promulgate decrees that transferred most of the Athelmoot's powers to the Folkmoot, effectively giving elected councilors an unprecedented level of political power. This stifled most republican sentiment within Tretrid, and, as Bada hoped, most of the new Councilors were Cynists. However, it also greatly angered the nobility, culminating in a rebellion that sought to undo those reforms that was quashed.
While the Eorlist faction had taken a hit from the expansion of the Witenagemot, it once again started growing in power in the late 1790s as a result of growing discontent with Tretrid's performance in the wars as well as the financial cost of what amounted to twenty years of near-constant military campaigning.
Bada II died in 1802, leading to the accession of his daughter Eadgyð II to the throne. Due to Secceran succession laws, Eadgyð II's accession marked the end of the personal union between Tretrid and Seccera, though the Secceran throne would stay within the royal family for about another fifty years.
Eadgyð quickly appointed a number of close allies in the Witenagemot to the Cabinet as she vowed to the assembly to steer Tretrid in a new direction. Chief among her allies was Ælfræd Eadwigsunu, Duke of Kalmington, whom she appointed as Prime Minister. She almost immediately started to restructure Tretrid's finances, culminating in her revocation of the Edict of Sweoraport and other decrees that mandated persecution of Gustafists in Tretrid, effectively putting an end to the Ulvriktruar Wars of Religion.
In 1804, Eadgyð II commenced sweeping reforms of the Tretridian government with the proclamation of the Charter of Privileges, which was in essence the Tretridian constitution. The Charter expanded the role of the Witan to take up most of the duties of day-to-day governance of Tretrid, and also mandated elections to the Folkmoot. As Eadgyð continued to retain command of the military and to dictate foreign policy, her reign has been argued to employ an early form of royalistic populism.
Under Kalmington's direction, the Charter of Privileges also made sweeping changes to the Witan itself, creating what would become known as the Kalmington System. Among other things, it guaranteed elections at least once every six years except under times of crisis and brought about many parliamentary traditions that are now widespread outside of Tretrid.
The creation of the Charter proved fatal to the Eorlist faction as it existed throughout the 18th century, as their support for the rather unpopular traditional landed nobility of Tretrid lead to many Eorlists to be voted out in the newly instated elections, while Cynists would be elected in waves due to public enthusiasm for the monarchy as a result of the democratization of Tretrid. While the Cynist faction briefly enjoyed total control of the Witan, however, they ended up splintering from infighting on the subject of possible reforms into the Liberal Party (later the Liberal Democratic Party) and the Conservative Party by the 1816 elections. The Eorlist faction's last seats in the Folkmoot were lost in 1824, though they would continue to have members in the Athelmoot for decades afterwards.
Now with a workable domestic power base, Eadgyð II was able to turn to matters of foreign policy. Tretrid's main focus during this period was on slowly reasserting Tretridian power to levels unseen since the Tretridian Anarchy. Tretrid's alliance with Seccera was essential for this, as a prospective Celanoran war would have to be fought on two fronts, and it tied Volscina to Tretrid in a way that would make a war between the two difficult. Furthermore, a large-scale shipbuilding campaign commenced so that Tretrid could seriously challenge Lapinumbian dominance in the Atlantian.
Tretridian foreign policy was put to the test when a revanchist Celanora attacked Seccera with the objective of reclaiming Celan in 1842, starting the Volscine-Celanoran War. Since Seccera was part of Volscina, Volscina was obligated to defend Seccera, and Tretrid also declared war on Celanora due to dynastic ties between Seccera and Tretrid. The war ended decisively against Celanora, and they were forced to give concessions to Seccera and Tretrid as well as pay war reparations to its enemies. The Celanoran concession to Tretrid would be organized as Transnalpia.
However, this order in West Novaris proved to be all too fragile. The King of Seccera died without heir in the early 1850s, leading to contention over who the next Secceran monarch should be. The two lead claimants to the Secceran throne ended up being a member of the Tretridian royal family and the duke of the Volscine state of Arlenboro. Since Seccera was a Volscine state, it fell to the Volscine Diet to mediate between the claimants.
After much deliberation, the Diet eventually ruled in favor of Arlenboro. However, tensions within Seccera over the sucession dispute broke out in civil war, which eventually lead to a full conflict between Volscina and Tretrid in the form of the Secceran Crown War. Tretrid waged an ultimately unsuccessful campaign to install its candidate for the Secceran throne by force. Though the war only lasted for a few years, it would permanently sour Tretridian-Volscine relations.
Its foothold in Seccera lost, Tretrid was faced with the fact that it had largely lost its foothold in West Novaris. As a response, the Tretridian navy's expansion was accelerated to improve Tretrid's force-projection capabilities. this put Lapinumbia on edge, causing a naval arms race in South Novaris. Furthermore, Tretrid sponsored the connection of the Transnalpian tunnel to better connect Transnalpia to Tretrid, before integrating Transnalpia as a Tretridian province. This in turn better allowed Tretrid to use Transnalpia as a staging point for further Tretridian engagement in West Novaran affairs.
These intensified Tretridio-Lapinumbian tensions would boil over in 1867 as war broke out between the two South Novaran powers. The resulting war lasted for two years, in which a land campaign ended up extremely inconclusive. However, the naval dimension of the war proved to be extremely important, as the Tretridian fleet incurred heavy losses on the aging Lapinumbian navy, and at one point was even able to fire upon and severly damage the naval shipyards in Vecitania itself. The war ended without any territorial changes, but it marked Lapinumbia's decline as one of the Novaran great powers. Lapinumbia would no longer be an obstacle to Tretridian naval might.
The advent of steam-powered ships caused the rapid expansion of Tretridian Southwest Gondwana in the late 19th century.
The political situation would continue to develop back in Tretrid, as the Social Democratic Party of Tretrid (ÞSD) was founded by a group of trade unionists in 1879 to try to establish socialism through democratic means. The party rapidly grew due to discontent within the Tretridian working class to the point where the government had to create welfare programs to make it harder for the nascent party to attract people. Despite efforts made by the other parties, by the end of the 19th century, the ÞSD had become one of the largest political parties in Tretrid.
When the Great War broke out in 1903, the Witan, under the encouragement of King Eadweard V, officially maintained a neutral stance during the conflict under the belief neutrality held far more benefits than even the political benefits that could come of taking advantage of nationalist sentiment in Tretridian society. Tretrid maintained a willingness to trade with countries on both sides of the conflict.
The situation changed in 1906 after Eadweard V's death. The next King, Ælfric II, was much more headstrong, and slowly aligned Tretrid more and more with the Imperial Powers. This culminated in late 1907, when, as the result of diplomatic talks with Norgsveldet, Tretrid agreed to join the war on the side of the Imperial Powers with the promised reward of the partition of Asendavia's Northwest Gondwanan colonies between Tretrid and Norgsveldet.
Tretridian entry into the Great War left a lasting impact on Tretridian politics, as the Conservative Party, in power at the time, supported the war. The Social Democratic Party, already mired in infighting, fully splintered into the more moderate ÞSD (M) and the more radical ÞSD (W).
Tretrid committed a few troops in Northern Gondwana; however, most of its operations occured in Novaris itself, as Tretrid and Volscina fought in their first and only total war. For most of the war, the fighting got bogged down into trench warfare along the front between Celanora and Seccera, though in the later portions of the war doctrinal and technological developments (including the advent of combined arms assault using early armored vehicles) made the front significantly more mobile.
Tretrid would come out of the war with no gains to show for the losses it incurred for the 10 years it had been at war, at the cost of a very large chunk of its military-age population. In its later years, the war had become extremely unpopular, but efforts made by the Witan to withdraw from the war were shot down by Ælfric II.
The Great War caused a great deal of unrest in Tretrid, to the point that Tretrid was affected by an attempted takeover by the ÞSD (W), which had renamed itself the Tretridian Communist Party (ÞCP). To focus on putting down the uprising, Tretrid granted independence to Tretridian Southwest Gondwana.
The decolonization of Tretridian Southwest Gondwana has been panned by historians as rushed and careless, as Tretrid's abandonment of the colony was done without any care as to the future of the colony. In no small part influenced by corruption rife within Clifport, the region quickly split into smaller states constantly warring with each other.
Interestingly enough, the relatively autonomous regions of Wessæria and Clifport claimed to not have been dissolved by proclamation of the Witan, unlike the administration of Tretridian Southwest Gondwana. While Ælfric II demanded that the Union of Wessæria and the Free City of Clifport be recognized as part of the Tretridian crown, the Witan refused to grant them that status. Wessæria persisted until its partition and later collapse, while Clifport would declare itself a republic the next year, renaming itself Dræset.
The revolution itself led to the ÞCP to be banned and spurred the creation of the Ulvriktru Democratic Party of Tretrid (ÞUD), which sought to promote royalistic populism. As the Conservative Party had largely collapsed due to the Great War, the ÞUD would entirely supplant it even as it remained small throughout the 1920s.
The political power struggle between the King and Witan that had started during the Great War continued well into the 1920s, as Ælfric II sought to assert his authority against a Witan that had grown massively in power since the start of the 19th century. One of the primary results of this struggle was establishment of Transnalpia as an independent country under the Tretridian crown in 1927, an action that historians have largely attributed to spite as to remove the jurisdiction of the lucrative Transnalpian Rail from the jurisdiction of the Witan.
Power struggle with Volscina
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Early 21st century
Wulfricsunu's government was eventually revealed to be highly corrupt and more focused on enriching the cabinet ministers than actually governing the country. The scandal would implicate companies in several other countries, including Volscina, the Union of Free Cities, Lapinumbia, and Nuova Volscina. The most damning evidence turned out to be a Cynebury Herald article comprehensively documenting systematic bribery and embezzlement within the goverment. After Wulfricsunu refused to resign, the Witan removed his government through a vote of no confidence in December 2016. Snap elections were instituted, but to keep the instruments of state operating, the Leader of the Opposition and Leader of the ÞSD Eoforwine Æthelstansunu agreed to form a caretaker government in coalition with the ÞUD and the MWP. The LDP was purposely left out of this new arrangement.
The snap elections concluded in mid-January 2017, leading Æthelstansunu's ÞSD to form a government with the ÞUD. The new Prime Minister swiftly instuted sweeping corruption probes into the LDP and companies implicated in the scandal. Several leading figures in the LDP ended up convicted for various corruption charges, including Wulfricsunu himself.
Æthelstansunu also started to re-evaluate Tretrid's global position, which had grown precarious from years of neglect. Under the early months of his government, Æthelstansunu would start engaging Volscina, Celanora, Kuthernburg, and Nacata more actively. He also continued Tretridian support of Nuova Volscina, albeit with great reluctance.
In 2017, the Republic of Ethalria was seized in a military coup lead by General Erwina Pipenz, who declared the formation of the Empire of Uspalria in the stead of the Ethalrian republic, with most of the army supporting her. The government, including President Ositha Boracova, was forced to flee into exile in Sani Bursil. The Ethalrian Matriarchy was swift in recognizing Uspalria and started to secure an alliance with the nacent state.
In response, Great Morstaybishlia called a summit of several Auroran nations, along with delegations from Tretrid, Hustreache, and Vistaraland, to meet in Sani Bursil to discuss the developing crisis crisis. During the meeting, Stratarin was couped by Mikhail Starikov. While in the Sani Bursil summit, Great Morstaybishlia, the Oan Isles, Vistaraland, Axdel, Hustreache, and Tretrid agreed to work towards restoring Boracova's government in exile, in a seperate meeting, Ethalria, Uspalria, Kostromastan, Gemica, and Stratarin formed an alliance called the Ribenstadt Pact. After returning to Tretrid from Sani Bursil, Prime Minister Æthelstansunu swiftly published a statement condemning Ethalria and Uspalria for destabilizing Aurora and "endangering the lives of civilians by toying with war."
War broke out swiftly after that, as the Bursil Alliance formed in the summit fought with the Ribenstadt Pact. Tretrid would significantly boster the Third Fleet, its fleet in the Pacific and in the Morstaybishlian Sea, as it ended up bearing the brunt of the conflict. Tretrid would ultimately contribute a significant amount of forces to the Pacific theater of the war, helping to combat Strataric forces and nearly having invaded Stratarin itself had the country not surrendered.
Æthelstansunu, with the help of Tretrid Ambassador-at-Large to Novaris Æthelwine Heardsunu, entered talks with Mexregiona and Hustreache to form a unified command structure for forces deployed in Aurora, resulting in the creation of the Novaran Joint Expeditionary Force. These series of talks expanded in scope, leading to a series of summits between the three Novaran members of the Bursil Accords, as well as the neutral countries of Lapinumbia, Celanora, and Arlavia. This culminated in the signing and eventual ratification of the Sixfold Treaty, which declared the six countries' intent to create a diplomatic system intended to facilitate cooperation within Novaris called the League of Novaris, and established the Novaran Council as a commission intended to explore means for possible future cooperation and to determine the structure of the proposed League. The Charter of the League of Novaris would be adopted by the Novaran Council and brought to effect with its ratification by four of its six signatories later that year, officially creating the organization.
Post-Auroran Pacific War
As a result of generally well-received efforts to reform the government, sound economic policy, and the general belief that Tretrid was doing well, Æthelstansunu's ÞSD would gain seats in the May 2020 federal election, forming a government with the MWP instead of its former partner in the ÞUD.
In June 2020, when Rodenia supported a coup d'etat in the neighboring country of Puntalia, the UCA and the NSTO acted immediately, deploying forces in Puntalia. Tretrid worked with the NSTO in deploying forces, including 30,000 Tretridian soldiers and a naval task force that included an aircraft carrier. Tretrid also successfully petitioned the League of Novaris to condemn Rodenia. However, the seemingly inevitable war was halted when Great Morstaybishlia's Prime Minister, Franklin Barvata, threatened both sides in the crisis with sanctions unless they would sit down and talk. Tretrid was one of the signatories of the Puntalian Compromise Treaty, as it would become known.
Following an incident on the border between Durakia and Vakarastan on July 15, 2020, Tretrid publicly declared support for Durakia. They deployed 50,000 soldiers and a naval task force. Several other nations, including Volscina, Norgsveldet, and Meagharia also declared their support for Durakia. The Joint Strategic Command of Anti-Vakari Forces (JSCAVF) was formed between the five nations to coordinate the resultant Irnac War. Tretrid formally declared war on Vakarastan on July 21. It participated in several decisive battles in western Irnac, including the Battle of Kretsburg and the Nov Martovgrad Offensive.
However, on July 24, only days after the Irnac War started, Nuova Volscina was couped by Guerino Correvaci, who proceeded to proclaim Correva. Volscina responded by pushing claims to Correvan territories on the Volscine border, while Tretrid reaffirmed its alliance with the new Karolingian state. What resulted was an escalation of tensions. The culmination of this was the sinking of the Correvan frigate NRN Constantino Buccio by a ship flying the Volscine colors. Volscina immediately denied responsibility while Tretrid attacked the incident as an attack on Karolingian sovereignty.
The two nations likely would have come to blows as a result of brinkmanship had the League of Novaris not interceded. The LN ordered that Karolingia hold a referendum to determine its future. However, heavy election interference delegitimized the results, and Karling's harsh crackdown on protests only escalated instability further. Ultimately, Karling was forced to flee to Gräntierik, and Karolingia collapsed. The LN authorized the occupation of the formerly Correvan lands, which was once again named Cavellan.
Around this time, the Witenagemot passed the Resolution Concerning Schlesia, which formally ended the Occupation of Seccera. Prime Minister Eoforwine Æthelstansunu immediately approached George Gray, the last president of the Volscine Confederation, and he agreed to head the new Seccaran state.
The Correvan crisis had shown how unexpectedly delicate Tretrid's position was, and Æthelstansunu immediately started re-examining his foreign policy. Among other things, he largely ended the Tretridian investment in Meagharian infrastructure, and he had Tretrid join the North Concordian Economic Forum. This diplomatic maneuvering resulted in the creation of the Tolinsk Accords. Another result of this diplomacy was his concerted efforts to bring Meagharia and Tavaris to the negotiating table.
Tretrid was also extending its feelers into Arcturia around this time, having publicly supported the Alksearian King Eldras VI in a power struggle against nobles who opposed the democratization of Alksearia. When Eldras was murdered on live television on October 16, Tretrid was one of the many nations to declare war on Balistria. In the resulting war, Tretrid soon came under heavy criticism for its use of incendiary weapons, especially white phosphorus munitions, and was even accused of attempting to carpet bomb industrial targets with no regard to civilian casualties.
As a result of international criticism, Æthelstansunu had an independent inquiry into the strategic bombing campaign launched just after the end of the Balistrian War, which eventually concluded that "the projected combined death toll of both civilians and combatants in hypothetical conflict without the damage dealt to Balistria's industrial base capacity greatly outnumber the estimated death toll from the bombing of strategic targets in Balistria," and that "somewhat reasonable effort had been made into striking targets strictly of tactical or strategic interest." The Ministry of Defense has also vehemently denied allegations that incendiary weapons were used in strategic bombing raids, and argued that white phosphorus was only used for signaling and smokescreen-generating purposes.
Æthelstansunu's efforts in getting Tavaris and Meagharia to talk eventually succeeded. On Feburary 19, Tavari and Meagharian officials met in Suþrimaburg, Tretrid, to settle their issues, with Eoforwine mediating. The resultant Kanor Accords brought about the normalization of Tavari–Meagharian relations, where Meagharia gave up its claims to Kanor while both parties agreed to have an independent, LN-sponsored tribune to prosecute Rodokan whalers fishing in Meagharian waters.
Tretrid is the second-largest country on Novaris, bordering Celanora and Transnalpia to the west, Lapinumbia to the south, and Sarvimaa to the north. Tretrid is also bordered by the Atlantian Sea to the north and east.
Tretrid's elevation ranges from its highest point in the Nalpian mountains in its western frontier to to the shores of the Atlantian Sea at sea level.
Tretrid is a representative democracy in the form of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Tretrid's constitution, the Charter of Privileges, was proclaimed in 1804. Under the Charter, the Witenagemot serves as the federal unicameral legislature. Tretrid's government follows the Kalmington system, itself largely a product of Tretridian parliamentary tradition and named after Lord Kalmington, the Prime Minister of Tretrid when the Charter of Privileges was passed.
Ælfric III, the current King of Tretrid, serves as the head of state. The Tretridian throne is de facto hereditary as a result of various laws governing the succession, but the succession is de jure elective, with the Witenagemot undergoing a largely ceremonial vote to confirm the accession of each monarch. The King serves a largely ceremonial role within the Tretridian government, but reserves certain powers that can be used in an emergency. The King also has the power to amend the Charter, though by convention amendments are only made following a referendum. The Tretridian monarchy and its adjacent institutions are metronymically referred to as the Falcon's Throne (Fealcnes Cynesetl), referring to the official name of the ceremonial throne of the King.
While on paper, the power of the monarchy is almost absolute, in practice, the monarchy serves mainly a symbolic role as the foundation and guarantor of the Tretridian government, with the King acting as the personification of the state. Executive power is only exercised by the monarchy in times of crisis, and for the most part executive power is delegated to the Cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Tretrid, currently Eoforwine Æthelstansunu, is the head of government of Tretrid. The Prime Minister oversees the government and exercises executive power at the federal level through the Cabinet, and is appointed by the King after support from a party or coalition with a ruling majority in the Witan. The Prime Minister leads the Cabinet and appoints its other members.
The Witenagemot, often referred to even in official sources as the Witan (which literally refers to the collective of the body's members instead of the body itself) originally served a role akin to that of a privy council. It originally consisted exclusively of major nobility and religious leaders. In 1292, the Witan was divided into an upper house, the Athelmoot (Æþelmōt), while a lower house, the Folkmoot (Folcmōt) was created to give representation to major towns throughout Tretrid. From Tretridian unification until the War of the Tretridian Succession, the Witan generally filled whatever role the King saw fit to give it.
However, the Witan's role was greatly expanded during the Tretridian Anarchy, and it would slowly grow in political power over the 19th century as a result of various political reforms, such that, by the 1930, its status as the plenary legislature in Tretrid was largely undisputed, even by the King. The Athelmoot and the Folkmoot would be merged in 1957, leaving the Witan as a unicameral body, and with the 1971 Reform Act, voting privileges were revoked from non-elected members of the Witan (the nobles and religious leaders who had been irrelevant for more than a century at that point). While these non-voting seats still remain part of the Witenagemot, they are purely ceremonial and politically impotent.
Election to the Witan is done through single transferable vote, with the amount of each representative each constituency elects apportioned proportionally to correspond with its share of the total population. The Witan currently has 497 voting seats.
Tretrid, as a federal state, consists of ten states, or land. Each land has autonomy to decide its own internal organization and is allowed to pass its own laws though its own legislatures (landmōt), though the Witan's laws always take precedence over that of the landmoots.
The status of the provinces is constitutionally guaranteed under the Charter of Privileges, which enumerates powers that are delegated to the provincial legislatures. Under the Charter, powers not granted to the landmōt under the Charter is reserved for the federal government.
Land are further subdivided into shires (sċīra), which are further divided into hundreds (hundredu). Hundreds do not have special constitutional status, so their statuses are determined under both federal law and the law of the provinces under whose jurisdiction they lie.
The governance of overseas territories was reorganized in the aftermath of the end of the Great War and abandonment of Southwest Gondwana, largely due to the implementation of a set of recommendations from a parliamentary committee set up to investigate the general lack of control over Clifport.
Tretrid's only dependency in the modern day is Fowlstone Island in the Pacific, which maintains a high degree of autonomy in its internal affairs.
According to the Charter of Privileges, Overseas Territories may become fully independent through a referendum and the implementation of an exit plan.
Tretrid's body of law traces its history to the common law of medieval times, and so heavily relies on the Tretridian judicial system.
By historical and judicial precedent, the Charter of Privileges is considered the constitution of Tretrid and the supreme law of Tretrid. It is de jure a royal proclamation with its powers enforced by the Crown, and therefore can be unilaterally amended or revoked "for the protection of the Tretridian state or its people," but all attempts made by the Falcon's Throne to do so without the Witan's consent have backfired politically, most notably in the 1920s Tretridian Government Crisis.
In medieval times, judicial duties were often relegated to landed nobility or their council of advisors, essentially making the King or the Witan (whom the King sometimes delegated duties to) the ultimate legal authority within Tretrid. This changed in the 14th century with the establishment of the Royal Tribunal (Cyneġeþingþu), Tretrid's supreme court. While the King still appoints judges to the Royal Tribunal in modern times, appointments are made after recommendation of the Witan, exceedingly rare exceptions notwithstanding. While the Falcon's Throne is de jure the highest arbiter of Tretridian law, its judicial power is entirely delegated to the Royal Tribunal under the Charter of Privileges. The Royal Tribunal is also invested with the power of judicial review, and can thus strike down any act of the landmōt or the Witan that violates the Charter.
Tretrid is a founding member of the International Forum and the League of Novaris, a member of the Global Crisis Council, a current member of the IF Security Council, and an observer state of the North Shield Treaty Organization, Union of Commonwealth Alliances, Inter-Regional Security Accords, and Inter-Novaran Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance. Tretrid holds an alliance with Great Morstaybishlia and with Kuthernburg, and have been friendly with both Morstaybishlia and Kurthernburg since the 17th century.
Current Tretridian foreign policy doctrine emphasizes the formation of alliances and the maintenance of trade relations to act as a deterrent against any hostile actions taken against it. This is made most manifest in the Tolinsk Accords, which makes Tretrid military allies with Arlavia, Durakia, Ekvatora, Katyunon, Meagharia, Seccera, and Tavaris. Its constant participation in various international institutions, a result of an emphasis on being a "productive member of the global community," has led to Tretrid being referred to as "the most diplomatically connected nation on Novaris."
Out of its former territories, Tretrid maintains strong relations with Transnalpia, with whom they have a treaty for mutual assistance. However, Tretrid does not maintain diplomatic ties with any nations that were formerly part of Tretridian Southwest Gondwana, officially maintaining that the area is "far too dangerous and volatile" to justify assigning any diplomats to the region. This policy is highly controversial both within and without Tretrid.
As a result of the Novaran Cold War, Tretrid's relationship with Volscina after the Volscine Civil War has been chilly, but before the Correvan crisis was never actively hostile. The rise and fall of Correva caused relations between the two countries to rapidly deteriorate, however, and their current relationship has been described as "adversarial." Sarvimaa maintains a chilly relationship with Tretrid out of the mutually fear of invasion, though the Tretridian Ministry of Foreign Affairs maintains that a Tretridian invasion of Sarvimaa is "politically, morally, and tactically infeasible." Mirhaime maintains relatively cordial relations with Tretrid, however.
Tretrid maintains very cordial relations with Lapinumbia, and the border between the two countries is completely open. The two countries have been very friendly since the start of the 20th century, which saw the normalization of relations between the two countries after centuries of rivalry over dominance of the seas of South Novaris.
The King, as head of state, is the commander-in-chief of the Royal Tretridian Armed Forces, but in practice, this position is ceremonial, while the Prime Minister makes the ultimate decision on the use of the military. The administration and regulation of the military is delegated to the Ministry of Defense, which is led by a cabinet-level official, the Minister of Defense.
The deployment of RTAF forces abroad for active combat can only be done upon the authorization of the Witan, but RTAF soldiers can be sent abroad for strictly advisory roles without requiring approval from the Witan.
The RTAF has about 300K active soldiers in peacetime. The RTAF currently receives about 80 billion SHD in funding. It has four branches: the Army (Fierd), the Navy (Sċiphere), the Air Force (Lyftwǣpn), and the Coast Guard (Sǣweard).
Tretrid is a nuclear weapons state and currently maintains an arsenal of about 300 nuclear weapons.
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The primary language spoken within Tretrid and used by the Tretridian government is Tretridian.
Languages that hold some sort of official status with the government include Norvian, Peyeterin, Staynish, and Norgsveltian. Various forms meant to be filled out by the public, such as ballots and tax filings, are required to be available in those languages by federal statute.
About 44% of Tretridians are of the Ulvriktru faith, as that religion was brought over by Norgsveltian settlers in the 11th century, and slowly became embedded in Tretrid over time. When Gustaf II of Norgsveldet made himself the head of the Ulvriktru religion, the Tretridians following the Ulvriktru faith rejected the authority of the King and instead continued following the Gothirs.
In recent decades, Tretrid has become increasingly irreligious, and an estimated 49% of Tretridians do not identify with any religion.
About 1% of Tretridians are Thaerist, as Thaerism spread to Tretrid as a result of increasing interaction with Great Morstaybishlia. Around 1.6% of Tretridans are Ademarist, and around 1.3% of Tretridians are Akronist.
Tretridian public education is mainly overseen by the Tretridian Ministry of Education, which sets the General Curricular Standards (GCS), a set of universal educational standards that apply for all schools within Tretrid. However, the day-to-day operation and funding of schools is overseen by the provinces, which is also granted leeway to set additional standards with approval from the Ministry of Education. Preschooling is available but optional from age 3, though kindergarten is mandatory at age 5 in some provinces. Education in Tretrid is compulsory from ages 5 to 18, where primary education lasts from ages 6 to 10, and secondary education lasts from ages 11 to 18. The vast majority of Tretridian students are educated in public schools, with about 6% of them going to private schools. Private schools are heavily regulated by the federal government, and students at private schools have to be given the General Curricular Examination (GCE) at the end of each academic year to ensure both that the students are at or above the educational level prescribed for their age group and that the school does an adequate job at educating students according to the GCS.
Most universities in Tretrid are public universities, and tuition is generally paid for by the federal government. The usual requirement for attending a given university is the Curricular Preparedness Examination (CPE), which consists of a series of exams administered by the government in certain subjects. However, some of the most prestigious universities in Tretrid, such as the University of Cynebury, have more stringent CPE requirements and may also require a minimum GPA in order to maintain a certain desired class size.
Three Tretridian universities, the University of Cynebury, the University of Crenland, Sigested; and the University of Crenland, Fægerhæfen; are often ranked among the best universities worldwide.
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Tretrid in Alternate Universes
- Novaran Union (2199)
- Tretridian Rotantican Territory (Beyond the Wall)
- Socialist Tretrid (Red Flags)
- Royal Tretrid (Red Flags)