The Federation of Axdel
Motto: "Land of Renaissance"
Anthem: "Axdelia the Peaceful"
(from left to right)
The Kolstream islands, Axdel, and the Indigo islands
and largest city
|Axdel, Axdels, Axdelian
|Federal Semi-presidential Republic
• Federal Premier
|2,371,460 km2 (915,630 sq mi)
• 2022 estimate
• 2020 census
|53.3/km2 (138.0/sq mi)
• Per capita
|ISO 3166 code
Axdel (Axdelian: Ax̂tèlii), officially known as The Federation of Axdel, is a sovereign federal state consisting of three constituent countries; Korstazia, Lyrevale, and Quartz Fern Coast. It is situated on the Axdelian peninsula of South-West Aurora, and borders the nations of Emberwood Coast, Great Morstaybishlia, Oceansend, and Qayam. It is the second largest nation by land area on the continent. The capital city of Axdel is Andel in Korstazia with 11 million people, followed by Fenrir in Lyrevale with 9 million.
The land on which Axdel sits has been inhabited by sapient species' for potentially up to a million years, with the arrival of the first anatomically modern Cava in the area. The first civilisation in the area was Laqytia, a collection of agricultural city states. From the iron age the region was conquered by the influential Kormistazic empire and its numerous satellite states. The empire collapsed and was re-established two times under dozens of imperial dynasties. The Third Kormistazic Empire established and administered colonial territories on Arcturia for several centuries. After a five decade long series of invasions by Morstaybishlia in the 16th century, mainland Kormistazm surrendered and was incorporated into the empire as the province of Axdelia. After the end of the first Posolic war in 1810 the region was granted principality status, and during democratic reforms after the end of the Great War in 1917 it became a semi-independent Dominion. Axdel gained full independence after a socialist-led coup and short conflict in 1966, forming the independent nation of Noroist Axdel. Lyrevale and Quartz Fern Coast seceded at the close of the Auroran Imperial War and the signing of the Weyrcliff pact, with Lyrevale re-joining Axdel as a federation after the its civil and continuation wars. The Noroist government collapsed in 1996 after a slow, bitter two year civil war, with the present democratic government succeeding it after a short transition. The majority of Quartz Fern Coast was incorporated into the federation in 2003 after a referendum following the collapse of its authoritarian government in the years prior.
Axdel is a developed nation and is considered a major regional power with the 2rd largest GDP and miltary budget on Aurora. It is also one of the largest countries by surface area on Urth, possessing the the 5th largest territory on land and having the 10th largest population as of early 2021. It also ranks highly in metrics of civil rights, education rates, income equality, and general quality of life. Axdel has a highly diverse economy and generates income from various sources, the largest sectors being energy, manufacturing, mining, and agricultural exports. Other notable contributors are international education, tourism, and information technology. Almost all of the nations infrastructure and a significant fraction of its industry is worker owned and operated. Management of this sector of the economy is aided by a distributed network of mainframe computers which coordinate activity on both local and national levels. They also run economic simulation models to formulate and forecast the outcome of decisions, providing the Axdelian economy with a great deal of flexibility and responsiveness to economic stimuli.
Axdel is a predominantly temperate nation with significant deciduous forest coverage and wide tracts of fertile land which are extensively cultivated for agriculture. The climate ranges from humid subtropical along the north coast, a continental climate in the interior regions and temperate oceanic along the southern coast, as well as cold alpine climates at high altitude. The nation is very mountainous, with the Zycannes mountains terminating along the Eastern border, the weathered yet expansive Teba Mountains dominating the interior and forming the nation's backbone, the Okrani mountains forming a notable ridge in the south, and the volcanic Auric mountains flanking the west coast. An active hotspot is also present in the eastern side of Lyrevale, creating a unique volcanic landscape rich in hydrothermal vents. These mountains are rich in natural resources, and have been mined throughout history.
Axdel is a member state of the United Nations of the Auroran Continent (also being the seat of the Auroran Court of Justice), and the Intercontinental Regional Security Accords, and uses the multinational Kirib(♅) as its currency alongside many other Auroran Nations.
Anatomically modern Cava first arrived in the Axdelian peninsula over a million years ago, likely living in small, independent groups of hunter gatherers. Glacial periods during this time resulted in continental ice sheets forming in the mountainous interior which occasionally extended down towards the southern coast, although evidence shows that the region was continuously inhabited despite this. Approximately 100 Kya there is some evidence of a culture capable of pottery and crude metalworking in the area, with the remains of storage vessels containing various wild fruits and grains indicating an agricultural society existed. What little surviving evidence there is indicates this society employed semi-permeant settlements constructed of mud and stones, and large carved rocks found close to their sites may have once been megaliths that served religious purposes. The expansion of glaciers and cooling climate would have forced this society to migrate, and likely resulted in a return to hunter gathering.
Prehistory and early historyIn 25,000BCE the Cavan Chomlec culture emerged on the North coast of the Axdelian peninsula. Chomlec society flourished for at least ten thousand years, later fracturing as populations migrated across the rest of the peninsula. The Neolithic era began in approximately 8,000BCE after the redevelopment of agriculture and spurred the establishment of the first permanent settlements. Metallurgy was independently developed in the foothills of the Auric Mountains in 4000BCE, with basic copper, silver and gold metalworking spreading rapidly across the region and driving a period of productivity increases and early urbanisation. Bronze working would later be introduced into the region, likely from the far east where the first advanced Auroran civilisations were developing, namely the Nelokhvi Empire, or by proxy through nomads roaming the Staynish region who regularly interacted with them.
The first advanced civilisation in the region was Laqytia, a collection of city states which was established in approximately 2200 BCE on the upper course of the Ueclid River. The region there was well suited for agriculture, thanks to its drier summers, relatively meek springtime flooding and the ease with which the alluvial floodplains could be irrigated. The capital of Laqytia was the largest and most influential city in the region, and established close links with many other towns and cities along the valley. The state had a single spoken language but multiple written systems of communication used in parallel, likely drawn in from across the peninsula. Geological activity and droughts troubled the state for its entire history. At several points the civilisation was recorded as being close to collapse, but continued to persist thanks to its strong trade connections. Despite these troubles, Laqytian cities are renown for their rich culture of artistry and social traditions which were highly influential on later civilisations. Laqytian architectural ability was also very advanced, and their settlements were often meticulously planned. Whilst no cities were built in the lower Ueclid, trade routes existed along the river with local communities and the peoples on the north coast. Several satellite states emerged in the surrounding regions due to the prosperity Laqytia brought. During its peak, the states influence had spread across the entire peninsula, as evidenced by Laqytian coinage and artefacts being found all the way to the west cape and even beyond the Zycannes in the east.
By the 15th century BCE, however, Laqytia entered a period of rapid decline. Records from the time indicate that a series of natural disasters and successive crop failures plagued the central valley, and the river was diverted after a flood. Famines caused many of the outlying cities who depended on trade with the agricultural core to fall, and some time after this the city of Laqytia experienced widespread fire and looting, causing much of the city to be burned to the ground. The cause of this is debated, with the two dominant theories being either civil disturbance due to the population loss in the years prior, or an invasion by nomadic cultures from the West taking advantage of the outlying towns and cities falling into ruin. Several other cities were burned in similar fashion and Laqytia collapsed, leading to its near entire abandoned. Several large migrations occurred, with many Laqytians heading north to seek refuge in the lower Ueclid, with some also turning west towards the location of modern Emberwood coast. Others went south past the Teba Mountains and to the cities within the floodplains, whilst others went further still eventually ending up in the Lyr valley or the southern coast of the peninsula.
Early Antiquity (13th - 8th century BCE)
With the the the 14th century BCE, many small Lordships and chiefdoms had been founded along the length of the Ueclid river as a result of the power vacuum left by the sudden collapse of Laqytia. Little detail is known, however, as texts from the time are infrequent and some remain unreadable due to writing in several undeciphered scripts. This period is sometimes referred to the Axdelian dark ages. Additionally, a significant amount of the written material from the Laqytian period was lost in civil wars which razed remnant cities and towns across its former territory. The political landscape at the time is difficult to reconstruct and many interpretations are controversial, but all evidence suggests it was extremely tumultuous and fraught with war. In approximately the 12th century BCE, the city state of Quen exited a long period of social unrest, and began a highly successful conquest under Chief Eida which saw the entire Upper Ueclid come under his dominion. The Soltic confederacy, a naval coastal state east of the Ueclids mouth, began its own simultaneous campaign to control the the fertile and productive floodplains in the area. At some point in the middle of the century a war was provoked between the two growing powers, however fighting was slow and arduous due to Eida's being unable to contend with the Soltic Navy and vice versa. Eida was succeeded by his son Eida II, who launched a renewed campaign into Soltic territory which eventually succeeded, putting the entire Ueclid valley and the Northern coast under his dominion by the 11th century BCE. This unified Ueclidian empire remained the status quo for approximately a century and a half as the regions dominant power. In this time, a standardised system of writing and booms in trade leading to increased record-keeping signified the end of the dark ages.
The Ueclidian empire did not persist for very long though, as rebellions were commonplace and growing competition new powers outside the Ueclid valley threatened their trading hegemony, primarily the Zycannian Mirazii Lordship and the southern Kassyr Chiefdom. The Kormistazic Confederacy was also founded on the southern coast during this time, with a ruling class deriving from the descendants of those who migrated south when Laqytia fell, and was based around the twin city states of Sekan and Aruqa. The Ueclid empire finally fell following the twin revolts of the Soltics in the North and the Teba in the South. The Neo-Soltic Lordship and the Teba empire immediately become fierce rivals from their respective halves of the river, and fought to control land in the middle regions before coming to a peace agreement in 935 BCE. After this the Soltics expanded along the northern coast whilst the Teba became economically powerful with monopolies over cross-mountain trade routes with the Kassyr, Kormistazics and the Lyr valley. For the next two centuries the bulk of the peninsula remained in a relatively peaceful status quo divided between the many small Lordships and coalitions.
Classical Antiquity (748 BCE - 345 CE)
In 748 BCE, Mount Koriba in the eastern Lyr valley experienced its most powerful eruption in recorded history, rating a 6 on the volcanic explosivity index. The explosion is recorded being heard across the entire peninsula and beyond, surrounding towns are thought to have been levelled instantly by the shockwave and buried by pyroclastic flows. This caused devastating local effects, causing widespread crop failures due to the ash clouds and acid rain. Whilst all civilisations west of the Zycannes were impacted by the eruption, the trade dependant Teba empire was among those who suffered the most. Cross mountain trade sharply declined in the following years, causing the empire to became significantly weaker and internally unstable. Many neighbouring civilisations soon jumped on the opportunity to take advantage of the empire and began raiding Teban settlements, sparking a century of wars which ravaged both sides and caused far more damage than the relatively short term effects of the volcano. A further effect of this was that the Kormistazics, who had indirect trade links with the Teba, entered a period of infighting and civil wars as various members of trading nobility attempted to seize control of Sekan-Aruqa. As commodity trade with the North failed to recover, the instability in the region would remain, resulting in the confederacies decentralised political structure collapsing and beginning a trend of power being consolidated by an increasingly small number of oligarchs. The wars often spilled out into surrounding unincorporated settlements, often leading to subjugation and incorporation under the banner of the outlying cities.
Other civilisations such as the Kassyr and Mirazii, who were also connected through Teban trade networks, suffered greatly in the years after the disaster, however with weak neighbours and natural defences on their side, their civilisations managed to remain stable and prosperous past the initial hard years. It was at this time in the vast Mona river valley that served as the primary trade corridor between these between these two stable empires, that a group of cavan theologians who sought enlightenment during the hardships, known as the four oracles, founded the Kozam faith. They started as wandering mendicants, offering their teachings to travellers and merchants they met on the road. Gaining followers who would later chronicle their writings, they would found temples, schools and monasteries in many towns and cities. The oracles are known to have travelled to many of these early temples. The last leg of their travels was along the coast, ending in the Kormistazic capital of Sekan-Aruqa, where the religion became very popular with the citizenry and several noble families, initially coexisting with the other religions present in the region.
Rise of the First Kormistazic Empire
Early in their history, the seafaring Kveshi civilisation of South East Aurora began exploring much of the Azure sea and establishing numerous outposts to facilitate trade. One of their furthest western excursions led them to contact the Kormistazics in 723 BCE, where it is written they were received very well and a cultural exchange took place between the two cultures. In order to facilitate further trade with the region, the Kveshi colonised a small, sparsely inhabited region of coastal foothills shadowed by the Okrani mountains. The Kveshi established an outpost town on the territory which would later became known as Oceansend and began trading regularly with the cultures on the southern coast of the Axdelian peninsular, with their primary interest being silver bullion from Kormistazm and the Lyr Valley. Among the most historically important effects of Kveshi trade was the introduction of advanced iron smelting technology to the region. This combined with the reverse engineering of their advanced naval vessels allowed the Kormistazic confederations economic and military power to balloon rapidly before other civilisations in the region could fully take advantage of the new technology themselves.
Despite relative prosperity within Sekan-Aruqa, the economic booms did not work to reduce violence and infighting between the Kormistazic ruling classes. Soon enough the entire of Kormistazm was under direct or indirect control of the Jakatei and Renequil families. In the 5th century BCE a plague swept through the south of the peninsular, triggering a civil war which resulted in the rapid collapse of the confederacy into two alliances of independent city states, with many of the inland ones loyal to the Jakatai and the coastal region under the Renequil. The matriarch of the Jakatei, Vireña was a radical reformer who was very popular due to her embracing of Kozam as the state faith. With the Renequil remaining staunchly pagan, this created a significant amount of tension between the lower and upper classes in the capital. Whilst Vireña would die before the Jakatai retook Sekan-Aruqa, her eldest son Mariqo continued her efforts, constricting trade with the south in order to exacerbate their economic hardship, as well as greatly expanding their influence further inland.
In 539 BCE, the Renequil army revolted, imprisoning members of the family and inviting Mariqo to claim Sekan-Aruqa. Facing little resistance, Mariqo took the capital and immediately set about uniting the lands of the confederacy under the Jakatei dynasty. He expanded the scope of the reforms introduced by his mother to every Kormistazic town and city to ensure their cohesion and loyalty. He also made the decision to pardon many of the remaining members of the Renequil, even granting them some governorship over their historic lands. A devout follower of Kozam, he further incorporated the religion into the government and promoted its worship as a unifying tenet of Kormistazic culture and laid the foundations for the development of its Orthodox sect. He passed away a year later, his son Kalam Jakatei succeeding him. Like his father Kalam was enamoured by Kozam philosophy and took several years early in his reign to travel east to the Mona Valley and the Zycannes in order to seek divine inspiration. Upon his return in 533 BCE, he declared the reform of the still nominally Confederate government into an imperial executive supported by a council of noblility from every region of Kormistazm, and that he intended unite the dozens of dividied states west of the Zycannes as equal territories under a single prosperous empire. Although his main stated motivation for conquest was oestensibly for the purpose of spreading the teachings of the Oracles, this would open the division between nonviolent, monastical schools of Kozam and the growing Orthodox, the latter of which allowed for some violence so long as it was in pursuit of proselytising and saving more sentient beings from the cycle of reincarnation. Kalam then changed his name to Enullus Jakatei Kalamitas, beginning the Kalamitas Dynasty and the first incarnation of the Kormistazic empire.
Era of Rapid Kormistazic Expansion (532 - 310 BCE)Upon Enullus' ascension to the position of Kormistazic emperor, he began a campaign of Northward expansion, incorporating the regions small Lordships and chiefdoms as provinces under his rule. Naval advances brought forth in earlier centuries now allowed faster and easier navigation of the Axdelian peninsular riverways. However the conflict endemic to the region had driven many people to banditry, and thus much of it could not be used safely for trade due to the risk of piracy. Thus as the Kormistazic empire used rivers to assert themselves across the southern plains, the loyalty of conquered people was often earned with the vanquishing of river pirates and the opening of free trade. Unwilling to bequeath the throne to his children, Ennullus named his cousin Ax̂ilo Kariqo Kalamitas as his successor in 485 BCE. Worried about the Kveshi, who had reacted to the new empire by heavily fortifying the city of Oceansend, Kariqo expanded Kormistazic control over the southern coast of the Axdelian peninsula. With the state religion of Kozam spread widely across the south of the peninsula and the imperial army violently crushing opposition where it arose, there was often little resistance to this initial phase of Kormistazic expansion. As the empires border expanded, so did it's military power and thus its ability to expand further, leading to increasingly aggressive manoeuvres. The Empires first major military victory would come after the Kassyr Chiefdom declared war on the empire in 458 BCE after incursions of Kormistazic soldiers into Kassyri territory. The First Kassyri Integral War lasted for over five years but resulted in a crushing defeat for The Kassyr, who were forced to cede all of their holdings west of the Mona river valley to Kormistazm. Ax̂ilo was badly injured during the war and survived only six months before succumbing to an infection, being succeeded by his daughter Ñeya Yala Kalamitas, the first Kormistazic Empress.
By this point, civilisations north of Kormistazm were predominantly weak and stagnant, still recovering from the century long conflict that ravaged them after the environmental fallout of the Koriba eruption. The only exception to this was the Neo-Soltic Lordship, which had expanded into a vast empire and now almost completely dominated the states north of the Teba mountains enjoying a position of considerable military and economic influence. The Teba empire, after seemingly unending border conflict draining its resources and manpower, had been struggling with a falling population and weak government for decades, and so in 447 BCE the Teban Emperor Cerules II famously visited the recently incorporated Kassyri city of Zhaeqan to meet with the Kormistazic Empress Ñeya. Following several weeks in the city, Cerules publicly converted to Kozam and announced that the Teban empire was to enter a pact of friendship and defence with the Kormistazic empire. With the defence of the empire now bolstered by Kormistazic assistance, the reaction from the Teban populace was one of elation, however detractors claimed Ñeya had seduced Cerules in order to influence him. Cerules public conversion plus the close bond between the two empires also led to an explosion in Kozam adherence and the establishment of many new scholastic monasteries.
After the rapid pace of unprecedented expansion in the first half of the century, the Kormistazic imperial bureaucracy had been stretched beyond its limits. Thus the sovereigns succeeding Ñeya focused their attention domestically, reforming the empires government structure to better manage its new lands and formalise relationships with its neighbours. The largely disorganised territory that had been incorporated at this point also required attention to ensure its full integration and quell dissent. Among other things the empires provinces were reorganised and large scale public works were authorised to support the capital city, which had grown significantly to the point Sekan had fully engulfed Aruqa, leading to its name shortening due to the redundancy.
With the Teba empire serving as a buffer between the Soltic and Kormistazic empires, the turn of the century saw campaigns of lateral expansion launched to secure riverways and establish coastal provinces. Eastward expansion was relatively fast, pushing all they way up to where the Zycannes met the sea. However in the West here was a bloody war with a coalition of Lyr valley Lordships which resulted in a humiliating Kormistazic loss. A second more successful conquest was attempted a decade later, but it was a pyrrhic victory which resulted in massive losses of life. Fearing a revolt would lead to further costly wars of attrition, projects to interlink the Lyr valley with the Kormistazic heartland with roads were undertaken primarily to facilitate the rapid movement of soldiers but also improved the efficiency of trade routes. A permanent military garrison of volunteer soldiers was also established to secure the region. These projects were so successful that they were extended to the rest of the empire in the following centuries and were a key factor in its long term success. Increased security along the southern coast and economic prosperity led to the expansion of the Kormistazic navy, which also reduced reduced raiding attacks from Kveshi pirates which had become a nuisance for the growing empire. Without serious resistance, The Kormistazic empire continued to expand its influence over the Lyr valley, using its navigable waterways as arteries through which materials and labour could be rapidly supplied for establishing roads, fortifications and settlements in the interior. Much of this expansion was funded and directed by Kozam affiliated nobles, who saw spiritual and economic benefits to spreading the religion.
Solto-Kormistazic Wars (309 - 70 BCE)
Rapid Kormistazic expansion into the Lyr valley was viciously denounced several times by the Neo-Soltic Lord Tulis VII in the 320's BCE. A large army was called to be raised with the intention of conquering and dismantling the dangerous state. Emperor Uuranqa was unimpressed by the Soltic Lord, believing the state to be a declining power destined to fall to Kormistazm sooner or later. Thus as a show of force, Uuranqa convened with the Teban emperor Cerules V and produced a declaration of protectorateship over the empire. Furthermore, threats of trade embargo against the Soltics were made that were expected to force Tulis into submission without a costly war that would pull resources away from the politically and economically unstable Lyr valley. A miscommunication led to Tulis being informed that an embargo had already been enacted, which he considered to be a Kormistazic declaration of war and began rallying his forces for a campaign to sack Sekan. He also ordered the Soltic Navy to sail around the Peninsula to cripple Kormistazic shipping, raid the southern coast and rally dissidents to the Kormistazic empire in the Lyr valley. After tearing through the border with the Teba empire first target of his army was The Teban capital of Montza and Cerules V. A battle in the fields just north of the city saw the Teban army that had assembled there handily defeated, whilst Kormistazic reinforcements arrived late and were forced to retreat in order to avoid being slaughtered. Cerules was quickly executed and replaced with one of Tulis' generals to watch over the city whilst the bulk of the army continued its charge southwards. In one fell swoop the Teban central government was destroyed, and Montza was pillaged by the occupational forces. Tulis' army would never reach Sekan, however, but for over 6 continuous years would maraud across the Kormistazic empire, gathering supplies by pillaging and foraging, and humiliating its military at every engagement. Attempted counterattacks into Soltic territory were also unsuccessful. Eventually the army was halted after it crossed the Okrani mountains into the Lyr valley. Tulis intended to rally the Lyr natives to their cause in order to sow dissent against Imperial rule and replenish manpower that his army had lost to attrition. This failed due to local opposition and mistrust, and after being surrounded on all sides by Kormistazic forces his army was decimated and he was forced to retreat back to Soltan. With Tulis defeated, the Teba Empire was quickly recaptured and remained a protectorate of Kormistazm, albeit worse for wear.
Over time war between Kormistazm and the Soltic Lordship would flare up over the status of the Teba Empire and Northern Lyr Valley. Eventually the Lordship would slowly succumb to mounting losses against the more populous, industrious and fervent Kormistazic empire, and suffered debilitating territorial losses. Despite previous conflict, the Soltics attempted to form an alliance with the western kingdoms of the Maltervenian empire in order to counter Kormistazm. Distrusting the Soltics, this eventually resulted in an opportunistic conquest of the Molvian corridor by the Maltervenians. Despite this hardship, the open sea access afforded the Soltic empire strong trade links with Impelanza and Northeast Aurora which the less powerful Kormistazic navy had great difficulty intercepting, keeping their core territory strong for several centuries. After a watchful peace of approximately five decades, the newly coronated Empress X̂alinn led the fourth and final Solto-Kormistazic war in 75 BCE, rallying an enormous, well equipped army for the purpose. A fast, brutal campaign was launched with forces carving paths down the valleys towards the coast, converging on the major population centers such as the capital of Soltan itself and the trade hub of Aruliqea at the mouth of the Ueclid. X̂alinn personally lead the siege of Xoltaan, the city breaking after sustained bombardment from catapult forced a begrudging surrender from the Soltic emperor Iruta V. Aruliqea, however, withstood siege for years with supplies brought in reliably from the ocean along the Ueclid river. With strong footholds along the north coast, however, the Kormistazic navy gained a much stronger presence and was able to cut off the city from its supply lines, forcing its surrender in 70 BCE and marking the official end of the Soltic Empire. As part of the surrender and as a show of charity, some Soltic territory was divided into largely autonomous Kormistazic vassals.
With its only real competitor now within its dominion, the Kormistazic empire assumed de-facto control over the Axdelian peninsula. The most prominent region not under imperial control were the Aronian city states on the north-west coast beyond the Auric mountains. Although there was some political pressure that called for the conquering and assimilation of Aronia and to totally dominate South West Aurora, after two centuries of conflict the already vast empire required urgent domestic attention. Aronias reputation as a refuge for minority species from across the continent also drew the admiration of empress X̂alinn, who considered the haven worthy of respect. X̂alinn pursued a set of major internal reforms, elevating many closely tied client states into provinces and taking the opportunity to split any ones which had become bloated and unwieldy.
Golden Age of Kormistazm and Final Conquests (1st - 4th century CE)
(lots of gold, engineering, mathematics, science, trade w/ everyone, quality of life, you name it. Leadership becomes more focused on big infrastructure and vanity projects)
(Induction into intercontinental trade (tm) via Impelanza leads to the introduction of rice crops in the North plains. Alongside other climate reasons this increases food production in the region and leads to northwards migration of wealth-seeking Kormistazics into Soltic territory, accelerating the erosion and assimilation of Soltic culture and setting the stage for it to become the new seat of power in the future.)
Late Antiquity (345 CE - 742 CE)
Fall of the First Kormistazic Empire (4th - 7th century CE)
(lots of civil wars, imperial government fractures and begins the fall of the first empire. Insert crop failures from Toré and effects from the broader iron age collapse.)
(Simultaneously collapsing Impelanzan empire produces many raiders which attack the north coast whilst Qayam invades the south, causing the empire to collapse)
Medieval Period (724 - 1101 CE)
(Rulique confederation reunites vast swathes of the former empire in the north, eventually declares a reformation)
(massive reforms under a new set of imperial dynasties. Going forwards this hardly resembles the empire of the last millenia. Era of the Second Kormistazic empire)
(Much more centralised and oppressive)
Second Kormistazic imperial revaunchism
(violent expansion westwards into Valeria and Staynes. Aronia is captured, ending the republic which had persisted through the collapsed)
(Drives Qayam, which had expanded along the southern coast, back behind the Mona river)
War for central Aurora
(Pretty sweet battles with Ethalria, Kormistazm driven back behind the Zycannes as Valeria revolts)
Civil war of succession and the Third Empire
(Bankrupted by war and disunited, the empire is partitioned into multiple states for a century or so. Eventually reunited by Andel, which had attacked Rulique during the civil wars)
Colonial age (1102 - 1523)
(Third Kormistazic empire is founded, early attempts to colonise southern Arcturia begin)
Third Kormistazic Empire Golden age (~1200)
(Trade with all the empires, big money, big murder)
The great plague (~1300)
(Something or other, alongside other issues this causes Kormistazm to begin declining as other Auroran empires ramp up in power)
Kormistazic Arcturian territory
(Consolidation of various independent colonies into a big cohesive territory away from home)
(Insert imperial renaissance and wars with Salovia and Arsal here, enough to cause a bit of bankruptcy)
Civil Schism Crisis
(Higher taxes and economic decline spur demands for local representation and devolution. Honoluras dynasty makes some concessions causing instabilty)
Morstaybishlian invasion (1523 - 1575)
(A border conflict in which poor judgement results in king Slev III being captured in battle and killed explodes into five decades of back and forth war)
(Alliances with Ethalria and Salovia may have been key in holding them off for the initial few decades of the war)
(Eventually Morstaybishlia takes vast amounts of the North coast, and as they begin incursions into other parts of the empire Kormistazm capitulates as the elite flee to Arcturia)
The Lousquarii Empire (1573 - 1586)
Shortly before the Surrender of the mainland, the Arcturia territories of Kormistazm declared themselves to be a separate empire under the rule of former General Ñazj al-Qeeora. Originally from Muštamarah, Ñazj had lead a successful campaign to take over much of Morstaybishlia's Arcturian colonies during the war and was very popular amongst colonists and the fleeing elite. As the mainland capitulated he assumed total control as Lousquarii emperor as well as assuming protectorateship over his homeland as a show of good will. Several cities on the South West tip of the mainland and the surrounding land were also incorporated into the empire in an attempt to escape Morst occupation. Whilst stretching over vast swathes of land, the new empire faced critical instability from its founding as numerous parts of the empire revolted almost immediately. Ñazj was unwilling to spread his limited military capacity thinly in case of a naval invasion from Morstaybishlia, and thus several regions were granted freedom with little resistance, such as the region of Gratulto which became an independent duchy in 1576. Efforts were instead concentrated on quelling revolt in the well developed core territory and regions of significant strategic value.
In 1578 Ñazj met with a delegation from Morstaybishlia to formalise a peace declaration, as the two had not yet officially ended the state of war, as well as define what the borders of the new status quo would look like. Still maintaining a relatively strong navy, Ñazj only offered the Lousquarii holdings on the mainland and refused the Morsts demands for the return of their colonies, New Kaltaria, Rodenia and Lokania. After failing to come to any kind of compromise, the Morst navy launched a surprise attack on Boscawen and clashed with the Lousquarii navy in the seas outside of the city. The Morstaybishlian's also landed on the far side of the island and rallied resistance against Lousquarii garrisons, successfully driving them from New Kaltar by 1580. This defeat came as a great surprise, and it cast a doubt on the emperor's ability to protect the Lousquarii core territory. Confidence in him begin to waver, especially amongst the members of the merchant class, most of which had only just fled the mainland and feared the possibility of a total Morstaybishlian occupation. However as Ñazj returned to Porto Idola from the lost battle he remained steadfast in his refusal of the Morst demands. Confidence in the emperor continued to decline, however, becoming critical in 1584 after the eastern regions of Rodenia fell to an uprising and became independent, after which Morstaybishlia re-established control. Ñazj was overthrown shortly afterwards, dying of hypothermia whilst imprisoned. He was succeeded by Lord Draughtsman Kayo Aurazzi, who acceded to Morstaybishlia's demands for their colonies in the Treaty of Porsloe in late 1585. After assuring peace, Kayo disestablished the imperial government and officially ended the Lousquarii empire. On the first of May 1586 he founded the republic of Quariin which flourished throughout the later centuries and remains independent to the present.
Morstaybishlian rule (1575 - 1969)
Under the Contiguous Empire (1575 - 1810)
After mainland Kormistazm surrendered to Morstaybishlia and was formally annexed, the following years provided the empire with significant trouble asserting its control over its new land. Whilst the empire had nominally surrendered as a whole, many large regions did not acknowledge or recognise it, declaring de-facto independence and continuing to fight Morst soldiers. Even in areas already under firm control, the Cavan lords of several cities and regions saw the Morst army and their recently coronated king, Redrugus V, as weakened by the five decade conquest, and attempted to negotiate for autonomous status and freedom from imperial law. Peasant revolts were also common, often driven by ideas circulated by several Morst generals that the Cavan population of the peninsula should be wiped out to make way for human settlers that spread through the populace via rumour. A diaspora of Cava fled the peninsula, mainly travelling to Arcturia but also finding their way across the planet. The threat of regional powers seceding from the empire and unruly peasants saw occupational garrisons spread thinly across the peninsula. These garrisons were often army conscripts who had fought in the crusades and were often paid poorly or not paid at all due to the financial strain on the empire during the transitional era. Redrugus V was reportedly in very poor health due to the stress associated with managing the occupation and died only two years into his reign, being succeeded his son Lambertus V.
The death of Redrugus, however, was the spark for a number of significant problems. Some local powers went on the offensive, driving occupational forces on their borders away and reconquering territory. The MBE's soldiers themselves, unhappy with the prospect of continued fighting, poor conditions and lacklustre payment, took the opportunity to desert from the army and loot and pillage Kormistazic cities, killing thousands in the process. Some disillusioned soldiers even defected to fight for the Cava they had just conquered, the most infamous example of which being General John Nargas, who claimed to have visions of the prophet Matilda and several Kozam deities who instructing him to lead the Cava people against the Morstaybishlian empire. Operating out of Veraala, Nargas conquered much of Northern Lyr valley and maintained de-facto control over it for 6 years until the Morstaybishlian army sieged the city and executed him for treason. Lead by Lambertus, the army also saw to formally establish and properly assert control over the new provinces of the empire as best as he could, deposing of many influential families and figures and replacing them with those loyal to the crown. The king also signed an act which would compensate those who served in the West Auroran crusades with prime plots of agricultural land. This led to many Morstaybishlian soldiers settling in the peninsula, concentrating in the northern Lyr Valley, and Southern Valeria. This combined with other land payments in other areas of the empire such as crown land in the fertile interior of Staynes effectively lessened both the economic strain on the government and worked to appease the many unruly soldiers.
Over the next half a century, efforts to pacify the population and accustom them to Morst rule were violent, involving sieges of rebellious cities and the destruction of crops and property. Many soldiers and civilians were brutalised and summarily executed. Human settlers in the North Lyr valley and South Corstania often fell victim to raids from cavan guerrilla forces, resulting in gruesome retributive attacks and collective punishments on cavan settlements in the area. Approximately 10-20% of the peninsula's total population perished by the turn of the century, primarily as a result of war-related famine, displacement and disease, and is considered a genocide against the Cava species. Organised, violent resistance to imperial rule never truly subsided until the death of king Lambertus V in 1621 and the ascension of Queen Florence I. The Queen set out to consolidate imperial control of the peninsula by uprooting most of the remaining Kormistazic Cavan nobility, quashing the autonomy of integrated provinces and bringing all persisting satellite regions to heel as loyal client states, usually with promises of legal and financial protection. After this former Kormistazm was solely administered by the Morstaybishlian sovereign and a select ascendency of Lords and governors under their direct purview as a wholly subservient polity of the empire collectively known as Axdelia. Power below the level of the lords remained largely in local hands, as even for Morstaybishlia the territory was far too large to govern directly, but the system was rigidly set up such that authority came top-down from loyal governors.
Morstaybishlian Colonial era
After conquering Kormistazm and consolidating control over its vast mainland, Morstaybishlia began looking increasingly outwards from Aurora with the goal of overseas exploration, expanding trade and establishing new colonies. This was largely borne out of competition with other Auroran powers, who were also pursuing similar goals in Arcturia and the Cerenarian ocean. the MBE was uniquely experienced amongst its competitors with its numerous developed ports, large presence on the east Arcturian seaboard and its successful domination of Kormistazm. The lessons already learned from its enterprises in the previous centuries and its vast labour force it could draw from gave it an immense advantage, and lead to the empire becoming a powerful influence across the globe. Long term economic downturn from the collapse of the Kormistazic empire alongside its rapidly growing cities meant the majority Cavan labour from the area was amongst the cheapest and often the most willing for the difficult work of establishing colonies overseas. Whilst Cava were legally protected against slavery, transportation to penal colonies was a common punishment for minor crimes such as theft or vagrancy until the late 19th century, providing a bountiful supply of workers. This was reinforced and justified by the emerging culture of human supremacist speciesm, where Cava quickly became seen as 'tamed savages' by the broader population of the empire. Many Cava, including those outside the Axdelian peninsula, emigrated voluntarily as a result of the pressures on them, travelling in large numbers to any more accepting country or colony. The vast majority would travel to other Cava majority countries such as Qayam and Quariin, but also to other welcoming destinations like Antora.
Internally, the integration of Axdelia was endorsed by the Thaerist church, which had heavily emphasised the theological aspect of the west Aurora crusades. Many of the politically and economically active population (largely local and municipal governors) converted relatively quickly to avoid harsh penalties imposed on non-Thaerists. However, the drive to proselytise was also concerned with the population at large, as it was by far the largest concentration of non-Thaerists in the empire and there were questions about how it would affect their loyalty. As well as converting Kozamists and Aqlanists, building Thaer temples and removing other religious icons, church missionaries riled up fervour against non-thaerists which escalated into attacks and riots. After a monastic Kozam school in Koliqon was burned down by militant Thaerist partisans in 1643, monks across the peninsular protested in what would become known as the Revolt of the Monks. The protests were largely nonviolent, but earned a great deal of sympathy from both Aqlani imams and a significant amount of the public. In Koliqon, the monks and their followers walked en-masse into the residence of the governor and occupied it for several days, and refused to leave unless demands for religious protection and top-level political representation were met. Tragedy was averted when the Morstaybishlian government conceded to their primary demand of protecting followers and buildings of non-Thaerist religions. Many Kozam schools and monasteries that had been shut down were able to reopen and resume their practice as a result. An act enfranchising the local aristocracy and allowing them to serve as lords was also considered but it was vetoed by Florence I, believing that granting such a privilege would cause similar demands from other conquered territories. Thaerist missions and proselytes continued to convert the population, however with their reputation besmirched and Aqlani Mosques and Kozam monastic schools continuing to operate, their success was limited compared to other regions and colonies of the empire.
After the Revolt of the Monks, incidents of organised resistance reduced significantly across the region and the next century and a half was considered relatively peaceful. During this time the population rose tremendously whilst Morstaybishlia as a whole was enriched by its burgeoning network of colonies and reaped the rewards from it's competition against other powers to monopolise global trade. Axdelia was not seen as a core territory of the empire, and was affected by several acts affecting sea trade with Staynes and Kaltariezh which imposed tariffs on goods exported but exempted imports, which worked to keep Axdelian peasant workers impoverished. Despite this, Axdelia's seperate culture and convenient position on the periphery of the empires core made it infamous as a place where dissident Morstaybishlian academics would convene to discuss controversial ideas in politics and science. Such intellectuals usually met in the well established Qayami style coffeehouses in major towns and cities, using the stimulanting drink to excite thought, and thus they quickly became popular as centers of conversation. They were also notable in that Cavan intellectuals were also welcomed into such spaces, many of which would subsequently spur on a domestic scientific movement, reinvigorating old universities and founding new ones that would host the conception of the modern scientific method and produce numerous advances in technology over the years. Many principles of the Auroran democratic and republican movements were developed in Axdelian coffeehouses, as well as several influential theories of economics. Whilst certain products of academia were eagerly embraced by the empire, the right of the Morstaybishlian monarchy to absolute rule was keenly defended. Generally, throughout the 17th and 18th century, all attempts to reform the overall structure of society were resisted. Even reforms being increasingly accepted by other monarchies, such as an independent legislature, were considered seditious. Regardless of the political tension, as academia became centralised and institutional, Axdelia cemented itself as a center of science, engineering and philosphy.
Axdelia's mountains had become an important source of metal and minerals for Morstaybishlia, particularly iron and coal, as Axdelian ore was noted as being very rich. As the manufacturing boom in the prelude of the industrial revolution continued to drive up demand, devising an efficient means of draining waterlogged mines became a far more pressing issue, which spurred engineers in Anyuur to develop various steam-powered pumps for the purposes of reducing the time and labour cost of drainage. This culminated in 1710 with the vacuum engine which utilised the partial vacuum pressure produced by condensing steam to pull a piston, the first of its kind and a design used in mines across the Teban mountains. An automatically operated and far more thermodynamically efficient design would invented by the polymath Aeuwe K. Qishal in the 1770's, a design which would quickly spread across Aurora and soon find its way to other continents. For his achievements in chemistry and the development of increasingly efficient Qishal engines, he would become the first Cava to be accepted as a fellow in the Staynish royal society in Sani Bursil; although he would cause later controversy after his death when it was revealed he was biologically female.
With the turn of the 19th century, the high pressure steam engine would be invented by Axdelian mine engineers specifically for use in first steam locomotives which drew carriages along iron tramways. The value of such a technological leap would quickly be realised, and high pressure steam engines in factories and steam locomotives for transportation would completely transform the Morstaybishlian economy over the next century.
(Several regions attempt to secede from the empire with limited success)
Principality of Axdel (1810-1917)
(After the first posolic war in response to a revolt/demands from returning veterans.)
(also industrial age, a lot of cool science And radical intellectuals like Freidrik Noros exist)
(ends with a blast thanks to the great war)
Dominion of Axdel (1917-1966)
(Transition to becoming politically, economically and militarily independent from the empire as a dominion, 12th of December 1917)
(Left wing groups promote independent militarisation for the purpose or pursuing independence. Pro-independence ideology flourishing in the popular counterculture era late 1950's onwards)
(from mid 1950's onwards, the NPLP begins seriously planning for the violent overthrow of the dominion government)
Noroist Axdel (1966-1996)
(With a crisis in central aurora diverting the MBE's attention, the NPLP launches its coup and successfully takes much of the Axdelian peninsula)
(Skirmish with the MBE ending in stalemate and unrecognition. Axdel enters war economy mode and arms itself for future conflict)
Auroran Imperial War
(War is fairly successful initially, taking much of Valeria and west Staynes, before gains begin to be lost as the central fronts stagnate)
(Ends after bombardment of Ribenstadt, Axdel gains independence but backlash causes Lyrevale and QFC to split)
Federation with Lyrevale
(More people more money. Authoritarian Quasi-democratic bi-devolved state solution welded together by Kiet Narvga but somehow works alright thanks to magic economy computer)
(BUILD THEM ZOOOMIE TRAINSSSS!!!!!)
Axdelian civil war
(tldr: Kiet Narvga falls into a coma after a failed assassination, Darius Finch dies. Cavan Nationalist/Other reactionary bobblehead Admiral Huralo Yensi takes power, dissolves the legislature in a soft coup. Opposition escalates into riots and gunfighting. slow burn civil war between elements of the military and paramilitary forces which forces Yensi to eventually submit to arrest. Socdems crawl out of the woodwork and take power with begrudging support from Unions and Anarchists.)
(Political pendulum between Socdems and Demsocs with Syndies, greens and cons lurking in the background for coalitions. Decaying power and instability across the rest of Aurora is slowly elevating Axdel into a more advantageous position once again.)
(Attempt to privatise the economy is fast and loose leading to pushback, next Demsoc coalition gov reverses most of it)
Incorporation of Quartz Fern Coast
(Attempted transition to democracy from military junta fails due to disagreements within the government and military. Very nearly a civil war reduced to a low level conflict moderated by Axdelian peacekeepers, ending in a referendum that saw (most of) QFC join the federation)
Mid-2000's terrorism crisis
See also: Extinction Corps
(speciest nationalists, reactionary radicals, desperate ex-military folk, blame downturn on various things and turn violent during economic slump of the new millenium)
Auroran pacific war
(We're back baby, assert dominance)
Mainland Axdel is situated in South-West Aurora, the vast majority of it lying on the Axdelian peninsula. It is found roughly between the latitudes of 39° and 51°S, and the longitudes of 48° and 75°E. The country has coastlines along the West sea to the North, the Packilvanian Ocean to the West, and the Sempiternic Ocean and Azure sea to the South. Axdel also contains two archipelagos, the Indigo Isles and the Kolstream isles. The Indigo Isles are located in the center of the Azure sea, approximately 2000km East of the South-East coast. The Kolstream Isles are located in the Packilvanian Ocean 500km from the tip of the mainland.
Geology, topography and hydrography
Due to its size and geographic variety, Axdel includes a number of climate types within its borders. The north coastal plains and the wide river valleys of Korstazia that feed the West sea have a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters and hot, humid summers. Downwards into the interior the climate shifts to humid continental, with warm summers and cold, often snowy winters. This is due to the increasing distance from the temperature moderating oceans as well as the increasing altitude further from the coast. Mountain ranges within the countries interior and along its flanks create small regions of montane climate, with the Aurics, Zycannes and some of the tallest peaks in the Teba mountains being tall enough to produce a year round cold alpine climate at their extremes. Uniquely, a small region of cold semi-arid climate exists in north Lyrevale where the convergence of the Auric and Teba mountains and their rain shadows creates a dry steppe in the pass. The West and South coasts of Axdel have an oceanic climate due to the moderation of warm ocean currents, featuring mild summers and cool winters as well as significant precipitation.
Biodiversity and environment
ooc notes (tldr somewhat similar to the German semi-presidential system):
President - Elected by public vote, must be a member of the largest party, usually the leader. Acts as head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
Federal Premier - Elected by a convention of the National assembly.
Main article: Axdel Armed Forces
The Axdel Armed Forces are the military forces of Axdel, under the commander-in-chief president Diego Corbinn. It consists of the Axdelian army, the Axdelian Navy, the Axdelian air force. Military spending accounts for roughly 2% of the nations GDP (~8% of gov. expenses in 2020), or around 82.4 billion Kiribs.
insert overview here, including paragraphs concerning heavy/technical industry and agriculture
Axdel has an extensive network of serviceable roadway that connects to practically every part of the country. The system is interlinked with highways that connect internationally to Emberwood coast, Morstaybishlia, Oceansend and Kèya as part of the greater Auroran highway network. Axdel is part of the Auroran free movement zone and no customs check is required for crossing borders by any means, including road. Most new cars on the road are imported, with the majority coming from other Auroran car manufacturers, although the domestic automobile market still makes up a small fraction. The road network is publicly funded and operates without tolls, with vehicle, road and fuel tax contributing towards its maintenance. Road freight, primarily transported by lorries, is a major source of road wear, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in Axdel, and is subject to stringent regulation in order to mitigate its effects.
Axdels railway network is one of the most extensive and well developed in Aurora. Both track and rolling stock are maintained and operated on by the state owned railway company Arqa, with other operators also running on the network for international high-speed services. A number of dedicated high-speed lines connect most large cities operating at speeds of up to 350km/h, and inter-urban lines connect a large proportion of the nations towns with regular service. Rail connections exist between every country that borders Axdel and like the roadways requires no customs check. Intraurban systems are also very common, with most cities and large towns having Arqa operated metro and/or tram systems to compliment local buses. The network is standard gauge, much of it being electrified using a combination of 25kV AC overhead line and 750V DC third rail standards. Freight rail makes up a large share of transport in Axdel due to stringent regulations on truck transport and how businesses are allowed to transport certain goods.
Axdel has a very long coastline with numerous ports along both the Azure and West seas as well as a number of navigable riverways and canals. The rivers and their interconnected canals serve as important arteries for freight and the transport or bulk goods. In the industrial era, Axdels canal network expanded to become one of the largest and most intensively used in the world in order to supply the Morstaybishlian empire with iron and coal. Most of these canals are now disused or demolished, being too small for modern shipping, although a number have been restored and maintained for use by recreational narrowboats.
There are a large number of airports in Axdel, with Winston Ulysses International on the outskirts of Andel being the busiest in the country. Axdelia Air is the national flag carrier, with several other private companies also serving domestic and international flights. Supersonic flight by commercial airlines is banned over Axdelian airspace due to concerns over noise pollution and damage from sonic booms.
Whilst under the Morstaybishlian empire, the duty of developing Axdels infrastructure was the responsibility of competing private companies. Compared to the rest of the mainland empire, Axdel often lagged behind in terms of development, but immensely benefited from projects to facilitate access to the regions mineral wealth during the industrial era and the transport of commuters. With the massive governmental reforms following the end of the Great war, Axdel gained significantly more autonomy and rapidly caught up in terms of its infrastructure. However the relatively low income of the average Axdelian meant that automobile ownership was low and that as air travel became popular it was generally unaffordable. When Axdel gained independence in 1969 and the provisional government took control of all the countries infrastructure, it invested into constructing a huge number of cheaply made and easily repaired low-speed freight railways in order to facilitate the efficient movement of goods across the country for the war effort. Many highways were also built during the war, all of which had wide, long straights at various points that were mandated to be capable of allowing military aircraft to land and take off safely.
With an oil price crisis, a lacklustre bomb-damaged infrastructure network, and a low income populace without widespread access to automobile and air transport, the post-war government commissioned a vast, nationwide transit project focusing on railways. This included the electrification, modernisation and expansion of intraurban and commuter services for workers, as well as the construction of thousands of kilometers of new metro systems in dense urban areas and high-speed rail track for intercity journeys that would serve as an alternative to air travel. This would also provide tens of thousands of high paying jobs across the country for the recently demobilised populace. The ultimate goal of the project was to vastly increase the efficiency and capacity of the rail network, reduce the overall cost of its maintenance and operation, and reduce Axdels dependence on imported automobiles and petroleum for its transportation. Almost all of the new railways were electrified thanks to the high capacity of the hydroelectric and nuclear energy plants in place or under construction across the country. Criticism often came with the demolishing of neighbourhoods, both damaged and undamaged by the war, for the construction of new railway and metro lines, including several historic buildings. The cost of the project was also immense, requiring a noticeable percentage of Axdelian copper wire, steel and concrete production to satisfy the construction. As both Lyrevale and Quartz fern coast were reintegrated into Axdel the scope of the project was increased to compensate, and the development of the network continues to the present day.
Science and technology
this is so sad, can we get icarly in Soltan
Water and Sanitation
Major Urban Areas
Ethnic and Species composition
Literature and philosophy
- placeholder as of feb 24