Kuthernburg

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Kingdom Of Kuthernburg

Kuthernburg
Flag of Kuthernburg
Flag
Coat of arms of Kuthernburg
Coat of arms
Motto: Gens una sumus unum de multis
Kuthernburg.png
Capital
and largest city
Luthernburg
Official languagesKuthern
Demonym(s)Kuthern
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Queen
Naomi Truden II
• Royal President
Head of State
Rico Lúaz
• Prime Minister
Peter Duntly
LegislatureSenate
House Of Commons
Congress
History
• Founding
1478
• Conquered By Morstaybishlian Empire
1788
• Return of Kathern Republic
1848
• Communism
1939
• Monarch Returns
1981
Area
• Total
920,000 km2 (360,000 sq mi)
Population
• 2019 estimate
78,357,010
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Per capita
39,267 SHD
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Total
SHD$3.2 Trillion
• Per capita
43,729 SHD
Gini26.1
low
HDI0.923
very high
CurrencyKuthern Dollar (KD)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
Date formatdd ˘ mm ˘ yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code312
ISO 3166 codeKUT
Internet TLD.KTG


The Kingdom Of Kuthernburg, commonly known as Kuthernburg, sometimes KOK (Kingdom Of Kuthernburg), is a unitary sovereign state consisting of territory along Urth's Concordian Ocean.

Lying along the North Concordia ocean and Arctic Ocean, Kuthernburg is found on the Northwest coast of Novaris. Kuthernburg shares borders with Alyunthia to the north, Celannica to southwest and Nacata to the south. Besides these borders, Kuthernburg is surrounded by the North Concordian Ocean and the Salish Sea, and The Great Lakes.

There are three main Oversea Commonwealths alongside Kuthernburg. The Royal Commonwealth Of Latianburg which is in southern Concord and shares its borders with South Hills, Atiland and finally, the Royal Protectorate of Nacata. Altogether, the population of Kuthernburg and the commonwealth’s is estimated at 192.25 million as of 2021 with Kuthernburg itself estimated at 86 million.

Kuthernburg is a Constitutional monarchy with a four-House parliament system. The current monarch is Queen Naomi II since her coronation on the 8th of August 1981 and the serving heir apparent is Crown Princess Aderyn Truden, Duchess of Latianburg. The capital is Luthernburg, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 17 million in 2019, making the city one of the largest populated cities in Novaris. Other major urban areas in Kuthernburg include Marble City, Pearl River, Lutop, Chiopoli, Rafidallos and Bankfoot whilst Loulamis in Altaesia is also considered a major urban area.

Kuthernburg emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Monarchs and the completion of the eight centuries-long reconquest, or Reconquista from the Nacato in 1492. Kuthernburg is a developed country and is considered to have a high-income economy and is categorized as high in the Human Development Index. There is a total GDP of 3.2 Trillion in Kuthernburg and its dependencies, which is very high. Kuthernburg has remained as a highly influential core country especially influencing events in Novaris. It is a recognized nuclear weapons state. Kuthernburg is a founding member of the Peacekeeping Forces Of Urth, and a founding member of the League of Novaris and NSTO as well as being a observer in the Auroran Union.

History[edit | edit source | hide | hide all]

Kalatian Empire and the Kustreirhiel Kingdom[edit | edit source | hide]

During the Second Kustreirhiel War, roughly between 410 and 505 BC the expanding Kalatian Empire captured Kustreirhiel trading colonies along the Concordian coast. Although it took the Kalatians nearly two centuries to complete the conquest of the Kalatian Coast, they retained control of it for over six centuries. Kalatian rule was bound together by law, language, and the Novarian road.

The cultures of the Kalatians and Kustreirhiel populations were gradually Kalatianized at different rates depending on what part of the region they lived in, with local leaders being admitted into the Kalatian aristocratic class. The Coastal Regions served as a granary for the Kalatian market, and its harbors exported gold, wool, olive oil, and wine. Agricultural production increased with the introduction of irrigation projects, some of which remain in use. Emperors Fernando Magrina II, Atenas, Céspedes I, and the philosopher Pliego were born in Kalatia. Christianity was introduced into Kustreirhiel in the 1st century AD and it became popular in the cities in the 2nd century AD. Most of Kuthernburg's present languages and religion, and the basis of its laws, originate from this period.

The weakening of the Western Kalatian Empire's jurisdiction in Kustreirhiel began in 509, when the Hismeklasn and Kandals, together with the Kuthansk Alans entered the Region at the invitation of a Kalatian usurper. The Hismeklasn established a kingdom in what is today modern Nacata and Alythunia whereas the Kandals established themselves in southern Kalatian by 520 before crossing over to Dova in 529 and taking Kustreirhiel in 539. As the western empire disintegrated, the social and economic base became greatly simplified, but even in modified form the successor regimes maintained many of the institutions and laws of the late empire, including Chastian and assimilation to the evolving Kalatian culture.

The Byzantines established an occidental province, Spandard, in the south, with the intention of reviving Kalatian rule throughout the area. Eventually, however, Spandard was reunited under Kustreirhiel rule.

Imperial Kalatianburg[edit | edit source | hide]

In 1369, the crowns of the Christian kingdoms of Katlatia and Whoivania were united by the marriage of Sáenz I of Whoivania and Agramonte II of Kalatiannburg. 1378 commenced the completion of the conquest of the Atiland Islands and in 1392, the combined forces of Whoivania and Kalatianburg captured the Emirate of Latianbug from its last ruler Maruduk-bel-usate XII, ending the last remnant of a 781-year presence of Islamic rule in Latianburg. That same year, Kalatianburg Jurains were ordered to convert to Catholicism or face expulsion from kalatian territories during the Kuthern Inquisition. The Treaty of Winterview guaranteed religious tolerance towards Latians, for a few years before Islam was outlawed in 1402 in the Kingdom of Kalatianburg and 1527 in the Kingdom of Whoivania, leading to Kalatianburg Muslim population becoming nominally Christian. A few decades after the Kuthern rebellion of Latianburg known as the War of the Shoik Thya, a significant proportion of Kalatianburg formerly-Paxian population was expelled, settling primarily in North Atiland.

As Renaissance New Monarchs, Sáenz I and Agramonte II centralized royal power at the expense of local nobility, and the word Kalatia, whose root is the ancient name Kalintania, began to be commonly used to designate the whole of the two kingdoms. With their wide-ranging political, legal, religious and military reforms, Kalatianburg emerged as the first Novarian power. The unification of the crowns of Kalatianburg and Whoivania by the marriage of their sovereigns laid the basis for modern Kuthernburg and the Kalatianburg Empire, although each kingdom of Kalatianburg remained a separate country, in social, political, laws, currency and language.

Kalatianburg was Novaris leading power throughout the 16th century and most of the 17th century, a position reinforced by trade and wealth from colonial possessions and became Novaris leading maritime power. Through exploration and conquest or royal marriage alliances and inheritance, the Kuthernburg Empire expanded to include vast areas in the Borea, islands in the Gondwana area, areas of present day Latianburg and parts of South Hills, cities in Northern Gondwana, as well as parts of what are now Nacata, Altaesia(Now back apart of the Kuthernburg Kingdom), Nacata, Alythunia, and Duelland. The first circumnavigation of the world was carried out in 1532–1541. It was the first empire on which it was said that the sun never set. This was an Age of Discovery, with daring explorations by sea and by land, the opening-up of new trade routes across Concord Oceans, conquests and the beginnings of Novaris colonialism. Kuthern explorers brought back precious metals, spices, luxuries, and previously unknown plants, and played a leading part in transforming the Novarian understanding of the globe. The cultural efflorescence witnessed during this period is now referred to as the Kuthern Golden Age. The expansion of the empire caused immense upheaval in Concord as the collapse of societies and empires and new diseases from Novaris devastated Latian indigenous populations. The rise of humanism, the Counter-Reformation and new geographical discoveries and conquests raised issues that were addressed by the intellectual movement now known as the School of Sweol Strary, which developed the first modern theories of what are now known as international law and human rights.

In the late 16th century and first half of the 17th century,Kuthernbrug was confronted by unrelenting challenges from all sides. Barbary pirates, under the aegis of the rapidly growing Morstay Empire, disrupted life in many coastal areas through their slave raids and the renewed threat of an Islamic invasion in Latianburg. This was at a time when Kuthernburg was often at war with Morstay.

The Protestant Reformation dragged the kingdom ever more deeply into the mire of religiously charged wars. The result was a country forced into ever expanding military efforts across Europe and in the Mediterranean. By the middle decades of a war- and plague-ridden 17th-century Novaris, the Kutherns had enmeshed the country in continent-wide religious-political conflicts. These conflicts drained it of resources and undermined the economy generally. Finally Kuthernburg was conquered by the morstay empire and annexed as a Autonomous Kingdom, it was finally forced to recognize the separation of Nacata (with whom it had been united in a personal union of the crowns from 1480 to 1670) and Alythunia, and eventually suffered some serious military reverses to Tretrid in the latter stages of the immensely destructive, Novaris-wide Thirty Years' War.

In the latter half of the 17th century, Kuthernburg went into a gradual decline, during which it surrendered several small territories to Morstay and the Prussians; however, it maintained and enlarged its vast overseas empire, which remained intact until the beginning of the 19th century.

The decline culminated in a controversy over succession to the throne which consumed the first years of the 18th century. The War of the Nacata Succession was a wide-ranging international conflict combined with a civil war, and was to cost the kingdom its Novaris possessions and its position as one of the leading powers on the Continent. During this war, a new dynasty originating from the Oan Isles, the Kutherns, was installed. Long united only by the Crown, a true Kuthern state was established when the first Kuthern king, Philip V, united the crowns of Whoivania and Kuthern into a single state, abolishing many of the old regional privileges and laws.

The 18th century saw a gradual recovery and an increase in prosperity through much of the empire. The new Kuthern monarchy drew on the Morstay system of modernizing the administration and the economy. Enlightenment ideas began to gain ground among some of the kingdom's elite and monarchy. Military assistance for the rebellious Lessau colonies in the lessau War of Independence improved the kingdom's international standing.

Dictatorship Of Kuthernburg[edit | edit source | hide]

The period around the turn of the century was one of increasing prosperity, the 20th century brought little peace; Kuthernburg played a minor part in the scramble for Lativna, with the colonisation of present day Latianburg it remained neutral during World War I The heavy losses suffered during the Lativna Invasion in Latiana brought discredit to the government and undermined the monarchy.

A period of authoritarian rule under General Hector Mintro(1925-1931) ended with the establishment of the Kathern Republic. The Republic offered political autonomy to the linguistically distinct regions of Rift Country, Luthernburg and Mintopa and gave voting rights to women.

The Kuthern Civil War broke out in 1936. For three years the Nationalist forces led by General Hector Mintro, fought the Communist side, which was supported by the Population and Latvia. The civil war was viciously fought and there were many atrocities committed by all sides. The war claimed the lives of over 720,000 people and caused the flight of up to a 2 million citizens from the country.In 1939, Communist Revolution emerged victorious and became a dictator getting rid of the queen and the parliament.

Modern Day[edit | edit source | hide]

With Emandy death in November 1982, Angela Naomi II succeeded to the position of Queen of Kuthernburg and head of state in accordance with the Kurthern law. With the approval of the new kuthern Constitution of 1983 and the restoration of democracy, the State devolved much authority to the regions and created an internal organisation based on autonomous communities. Kuthernburg 1983 Amnesty Law let people of Emandy regime continue inside institutions without consequences, even responsibles of some crimes during transition to democracy like the Massacre of 3 March 1982 in Hinderburg or 1985 Massacre of Mishok.

In the Mintopa County, moderate Kuthern nationalism has coexisted with a radical nationalist movement led by the armed terrorist organisation KTA.The group was formed in 1959 during Emandy rule but has continued to wage its violent campaign even after the restoration of democracy and the return of a large measure of regional autonomy. On 23 February 1987, rebel elements among the security forces seized the refion in an attempt to impose a military backed government. Queen Naomi II took personal command of the military and successfully ordered the coup plotters, via national television, to surrender.

The proportion of Kuthernburg foreign born population increased rapidly from around 1 in 50 in 2000 to almost 1 in 8 in 2010 but has since declined. In 2008 the Kuthernburg government legalised same sex marriage. Decentralisation was supported with much resistance of Constitutional Court and conservative opposition, so did gender politics like quotas or the law against gender violence. Government talks with KTA happened, and the Group announced its permanent cease of violence in 2010.

Politics[edit | edit source | hide]

The Royal Palace of Kuthernburg

The Kuthernburg Constitution of 1983 is the culmination of the Kuthern transition to democracy. The constitutional history of Kuthern dates back to the constitution of 1799. Impatient with the slow pace of democratic political reforms in 1982 and 1983, Kuthernburg new Queen Naomi II, known for her formidable personality, dismissed Aaron Carter and appointed Lúaz Rico Prime Minister.The resulting general election in 1997 were the first time a president was appointed in Kuthernburg History.

As a result, Kuthernburg is now composed of several autonomous communities and three autonomous cities with varying degrees of autonomy thanks to its Constitution, which nevertheless explicitly states the indivisible unity of the Kuthernburg nation. The constitution also specifies that Kuthernburg has no state religion and that all are free to practice and believe as they wish. Government

Kuthernburg is a constitutional monarchy, with a hereditary monarch and a Royal President. The executive branch consists of a Council of Ministers of Kuthernburg presided over by the Prime Minister, nominated and appointed by the monarch and confirmed by Congress following legislative elections. By political custom established by Queen Naomi II since the ratification of the 1983 Constitution, the queens nominees have all been from parties who maintain a plurality of seats in the Congress.

Government[edit | edit source | hide]

Congress Hall

Kuthernburg is a constitutional monarchy, with a hereditary monarch and a bicameral parliament. The executive branch consists of a Parliament of Kuthernburg presided over by the Royal President, nominated and appointed by the monarch and confirmed by the Congress following legislative elections. By political custom established by Queen Naomi II since the ratification of the 11981 Constitution, the Queen's nominees have all been from parties who maintain a plurality of seats in the Congress and Parliament.

The legislative branch is made up of the Congress with 450 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation to serve four-year terms, and a Senate with 259 seats of which 208 are directly elected by popular vote and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures to also serve four-year terms.

Head of State

  • Queen Naomi II

Head of Government

  • Royal President Rico

Cabinet

  • Congress
  • Parliament
  • Senate

Kuthernburg is organizationally structured as a so-called State of Autonomies ; it is one of the most decentralized countries in Novaris. All autonomous communities have their own elected parliaments, governments, public administrations, budgets, and resources. Health and education systems among others are managed by the Kuthern Government.

Human Rights[edit | edit source | hide]

The Government respects the human rights of its citizens; although there are a few problems in some areas, the law and judiciary provide effective means of addressing individual instances of abuse. There are allegations that a few members of the security forces abused detainees and mistreated foreigners and illegal immigrants. According to Kuthernburg International (KI), government investigations of such alleged abuses are often lengthy and punishments were light. Violence against women was a problem, which the Government took steps to address.

Kuthernburg provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT community. Among the countries studied by Limptoo Research Center in 2013, Kuthernburg is top in acceptance of homosexuality, with an 88% of society supporting the gay community compared to 11% who do not.

Foreign Relations[edit | edit source | hide]

Group Photo at a Atlantia Assembly

After the return of democracy following the death of Emandy in 1982, Kuthernburg foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Emandy years and expand diplomatic relations, enter the Urth Community, and define security relations with other countries.

As a member of PK-FU since 2013, Kuthernburg has established itself as a participant in multilateral international security activities. Kuthernburg membership represents an important part of its foreign policy. Even on many international issues beyond Kuthernburg, Kuthernburg prefers to co-ordinate its efforts with its NSTO & PK-FU partners.

Kuthernburg has maintained its special relations with Latianburg .Its policy emphasizes the concept of an Latian-Kurthern community, essentially the renewal of the historically liberal concept of "Kurlatian", as it is often referred to in English, which has sought to link Kuthernburg with Latianburg through language, commerce, history, military, and culture. As of 2017 Kuthernburg is apart of League Of Novaris and a Observer member of the Gordic Council.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source | hide]

The political division of the Kingdom Of Kuthernburg is based on the 18th Title of the Kuthern constitution of 1982, which establishes three levels of territorial organization: municipalities, provinces and autonomous communities, the first group constituting the subdivisions of the second, and the second group constituting the subdivisions of the last. The State guarantees the realization of the principle of solidarity amongst all the constituent parts of the country.

The autonomous communities were constituted in exercise of the right to autonomy or self-government that the constitution guarantees to the nationalities and regions of Kuthernburg, while declaring the indissoluble unity of the Kuthern nation. The autonomous communities constitute a highly decentralized form of territorial organization, but based on devolution, and thus Kuthernburg is not a federation, since the State is superior to the communities and retains full sovereignty. The Constitutional Court of Kuthernburg has labeled this model of territorial organization the "State of Autonomies".

The Current Provinces of Kuthernburg Are:

Autonomous communities[edit | edit source | hide]

8 Kuthern Regions; Altaesia is under complete governance by Kuthernburg until January 2018

Kuthernburg autonomous communities are the first level administrative divisions of the country. They were created after the current constitution came into effect (in 1982) in recognition of the right to self-government of the "nationalities and regions of Kuthernburg".The autonomous communities were to be integrated into adjacent provinces with common historical, cultural, and economical traits.

The basic institutional law of each autonomous community is the Statute of Autonomy. The Statutes of Autonomy establish the name of the community according to its historical and contemporary identity, the limits of its territories, the name and organization of the institutions of government and the rights they enjoy according to the constitution.

The governments of all autonomous communities must be based on a division of powers comprising:

  • a legislative assembly whose members must be elected by universal suffrage according to the system of proportional representation and in which all areas that integrate the territory are fairly represented;
  • a government council, with executive and administrative functions headed by a president, elected by the Legislative Assembly and nominated by the Queen of Kuthernburg.
  • a supreme court, under the supreme court of Kuthernburg, which heads the judiciary in the autonomous community.

The current Autonomous communities of Kuthernburg are:

Geography[edit | edit source | hide]

Rocky Coast of Altaesia during the Summer
30 Miles West of Luthernburg lays the Judia Cavern system
Start of the Yolonsa Central

KOK geography has traditionally been defined by its two main waterways, the Naomi and Victoria rivers. The Victoria flows north-south right through the center of contemporary Kuthernburg, and the entire country lies within its drainage basin.

Naomi, which stretches westward from the center of the country toward Celestia, is a primarily hilly region with a terrain varied by low mountains. These include the very eastern stretch of the Alts, Mt.Turin, in the west of the country, the Alatian Mountains in the central region of Altaesia, and the Mebsk Mountains and Villainy Mountains in the south. The highest point of the area is the Íritt-ka in the Alts, at 882 metres (2,894 ft). The Kuthern Plains is found in northern Kuthernburg. Lake Delba-Aakinaa, Lake Hartden, Destuna and Lake Prima, the Great lake in Novaris and the largest thermal lake in the world, respectively, are in Kuthernburg as well.

UKM has 10 national parks, 145 minor nature reserves, and 35 landscape protection areas.

Climate[edit | edit source | hide]

Kuthernburg has a continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and cold snowy winters. Average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Temperature extremes are 41.9 °C (107.4 °F) on 20 July 2007 at Pearl City in the summer and −35 °C (−31.0 °F) on 16 February 1920 Navalaca in the winter. Average high temperature in the summer is 23 to 28 °C (73 to 82 °F) and average low temperature in the winter is −3 to −7 °C (27 to 19 °F). The average yearly rainfall is approximately 600 mm (23.6 in). A small, southern region of the country near Pécs enjoys a reputation for a Central Concordian Ocean climate, but in reality it is only slightly warmer than the rest of the country and still receives snow during the winter.

Kuthernburg is ranked sixth in an environmental Protection.

Mountains and Rivers[edit | edit source | hide]

Start of the Little Victoria River in Kaetic System

Mainland Kuthernburg is a mountainous country, dominated by high plateaus and mountain chains. After the Kiltonia, the main mountain ranges are the Spandard Range, Eastern Kuthernburg System, Central System, Kaetic System whose highest peak, is 3,478-metre-high . The highest point in Kuthernburg is the Luthern Isles, a 3,718-metre active volcano in the Luthern Islands. The Yolonsa Central is a vast plateau in the heart of Kuthernburg.

There are several major rivers in Kuthernburg such as the Victoria, Little Victoria, St.James, Alwanchin, Navlacan, and Nuresal,. Kelvania plains are found along the coast, the largest of which is that of the Terlansdas in Luthernburg.

Fauna and flora

Kuthern Brown Bear

The fauna presents a wide diversity that is due in large part to the geographical position of Kuthernburg between the Concord and the Salish and between Mainland Novaris and Dova, and the great diversity of habitats and biotopes, the result of a considerable variety of climates and well differentiated regions.

The vegetation of Kuthernburg is varied due to several factors including the diversity of the relief, the climate and latitude. Kuthernburg includes different phytogeographic regions, each with its own floristic characteristics resulting largely from the interaction of climate, topography, soil type and fire, biotic factors.

Military[edit | edit source | hide]

Army Yellow Wasp Special Force Team

The Royal Kuthern Armed Forces has been the Armed Forces unit of KOK, throughout its history. It has seen many battles and wars in its 500+ years in existence, such as the Battle Of The Moors, the battle led by Vector Gyert, and other examples such as the Battle for Latianburg, the War of Atiland, and most recently, Auroran-Pacific War.

The Royal Kuthern Armed Forces is spread across the KOK. There is Six branches of the Royal Kuthern Armed Forces:

Agriculture[edit | edit source | hide]

Small Farm in a village

Crop areas were farmed in two highly diverse manners. Areas relying on non-irrigated cultivation , which made up 85% of the entire crop area, depended solely on rainfall as a source of water. The much more productive regions devoted to irrigated cultivation accounted for 3 million hectares in 1996, and the government hoped that this area would eventually double, as it already had doubled since 1940. Though only about 27% of Kuthernburgs cultivated land was irrigated, it was estimated to be the source of between 50–55% of the gross value of crop production and of 60% of the value of agricultural exports. More than half of the irrigated area was planted in corn, fruit trees, and vegetables. Other agricultural products that benefited from irrigation included grapes, beans, sugar beets, potatoes, tomatoes, and Wheat. Depending on the nature of the crop, it was possible to harvest two successive crops in the same year on about 20% of the country's irrigated land.

Vegetables, cereal grains, olive oil, and wine—Kuthernburgs traditional agricultural products—continued to be important in the 1990s. In 1993 they represented 22%, 32%, 18%, 16%, and 14%, respectively, of the country's agricultural production. Because of the changed diet of an increasingly affluent population, there was a notable increase in the consumption of livestock, poultry, and dairy products. Meat production for domestic consumption became the single most important agricultural activity, accounting for 40% of all farm-related production in 1993. Increased attention to livestock was the reason that Kuthernburg became a net importer of grains. Ideal growing conditions, combined with proximity to important north Novarian markets, made Wheat Kuthernburgs leading export. Fresh vegetables and fruits produced through intensive irrigation farming also became important export commodities.

Tourism[edit | edit source | hide]

Eclipse Island is the newest attraction in Luthernburg on the first island off the coast

The climate of Kuthernburg in the summer, its geographic location, popular coastlines, diverse landscapes, historical legacy, vibrant culture and excellent infrastructure, has made Kuthernburg international tourist industry among the largest in the world. In the last four decades, international tourism in Kuthernburg has grown to become the second largest in the world in terms of spending, worth approximately 120 billion KDs or about 7% of GDP in 2020

Transport[edit | edit source | hide]

KVE Maglev Train

The Kuthern road system is large mainly centralized, with 17 highways, 4 Interstates, and 3 Intercontinental connecting Kuthernburg to the rest of Novaris. Kuthernburg aims to put seven million electric cars on the road by 2020 as part of the government's plan to save energy and boost energy efficiency.

Kuthernburg has the most extensive high-speed maglev network in Novaris, as of October 2017, Spain has a total of 5,341.80 mi of high-speed tracks linking Pearl River, Luthernburg, Navalaca, Los Quinteros, Chipolli and Valleceno with the trains reaching speeds up to 260 mph. Should the aims of the ambitious KVE programme be met, by 2020 Kuthernburg will have 8,300 mi of high-speed maglev linking almost all provincial cities to Luthernburg in less than three hours and Marble within four hours.

There are 67 public airports in Kuthernburg. The busiest one is Lambertus V International Airport, with 44.1 million million passengers in 2016. The airport of Marble is also important, with 25 million passengers in 2016. Other main airports are located in Pearl River 23 million passengers, Chipolli 20 million passengers.

Energy[edit | edit source | hide]

Kuthernburg is one of the world's leading countries in the development and production of renewable energy. In 2015 Kuthernburg became the solar power Novari leader when it overtook fellow Novarian countries with a massive power station plant called La Navalaca, near Navalaca, Spandard. Kuthernburg is also Novaris main producer of wind energy. In 207 its wind turbines generated 62,976 GWh, which accounted for 26.4% of all electrical energy produced in Kuthernburg. On 9 October 2017, wind energy reached an instantaneous historic peak covering 63% of mainland electricity demand and generating an amount of energy that is equivalent to that of 18 nuclear reactors. Other renewable energies used in Kuthernburg are hydroelectric, biomass and marine (5 power plants under construction).

Non-renewable energy sources used in Kuthernburg are nuclear (16 operative reactors), gas, coal, and oil. Fossil fuels together generated 38% of Kuthernburgs electricity in 2017. Nuclear power generated another 29%, and wind and hydro generating the rest.

Demographics[edit | edit source | hide]

In 2020, the population of Kuthernburg officially reached 79 million people, as recorded by the Kuthern Census. With the exception of the region surrounding the capital, Luthernburg, the most populated areas lie around the Great Lakes. The population of Kuthernburg has risen 4 1/2 times since 1900, when it stood at 22.3 million, principally due to the spectacular demographic boom in the 1960s and early 1970s.

In 2019, the average total fertility rate across Kuthernburg was 4.44 children born per woman, one of the highest in the world, above the replacement rate of 2.1, it remains considerably below the high of 5.11 children born per woman in 1899. Kuthernburg subsequently has one of the youngest populations in the world, with the average age of 32.1 years.

Native Spandardians make up 88% of the total population of Kuthernburg. After the birth rate plunged in the 1980s and Kuthernburg population growth rate dropped, the population again trended upward initially upon the return of many Spandardians who had emigrated to other Norvarian countries during the 1970s, and more recently, fuelled by large numbers of immigrants who make up 12% of the population. The immigrants originate mainly in Aurora (39%), North Gondwana (16%), Western Novaris (15%), and Borea (4%).

Peoples[edit | edit source | hide]

The Kuthern Constitution of 1983, in its fifth article, recognizes several contemporary entities—nationalities— and regions, within the context of the Kuthern nation.

Kuthernburg has been described as a de facto plurinational state. The identity of Kuthernburg rather accrues of an overlap of different territorial and ethnolinguistic identities than of a sole Kuthern identity. In some cases some of the territorial identities may conflict with the dominant Kuthern culture. Distinct traditional identities within Kuthernburg, although to some extent all of the autonomous communities may claim a distinct local identity.

It is this last feature of "shared identity" between the more local level or autonomous community and the Kuthern level which makes the identity question in Kuthernburg complex and far from univocal.

Minority[edit | edit source | hide]

Kuthernburg has a number of descendants of populations from former colonies, especially Borea and Concord. Smaller numbers of immigrants from several Gondwanan countries have recently been settling in Kuthernburg. There are also sizeable numbers of Auroran immigrants, most of whom are of Morst, York and Ethalarian origin.

Historically, Nacatan Jurains and Klizon are the main minority groups originated in Kuthernburg and with a contribution to Kuthern culture. The Kuthern government is offering Spandard nationality to Nacatan Jurains.

Language[edit | edit source | hide]

The languages of Kuthernburg(simplified)

Kuthernburg is legally multilingual, and the constitution establishes that the nation will protect "all Kutherns and the peoples of Kuthernburg in the exercise of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages and institutions.

Spandard (español)— recognized in the constitution as Kuthern is the official language of the entire country, and it is the right and duty of every Kutherner to know the language. The constitution also establishes that "the other Spandardian languages" that is, the other languages of Kuthernburg will also be official in their respective autonomous communities in accordance to their Statutes, their organic regional legislation, and that the "richness of the distinct linguistic modalities of Spain represents a patrimony which will be the object of special respect and protection."

The other official languages of Kuthernburg, co-official with Spandard are:

  • Telsh
  • Atilandian
  • Kuthern

As a percentage of the general population of all Kuthernburg, Spandard is natively spoken by 74%, of all Kutherners.

Codexian and Ethalarian are widely spoken by tourists, foreign residents, and tourism workers.

Health[edit | edit source | hide]

The health care system of Kuthernburg is considered one of the best in the world. The health care is public, universal and free for any legal citizen of Kuthernburg. The total health spending is 9.8% of the GDP.