Community of Spandard
|Recognised national languages||Spandard, Telsh, Kuthern|
|Recognised regional languages||Spandard|
|Government||Devolved government in a constitutional monarchy|
• Vice Governor
• Secretary Of The Spandard Autonomous Community
• 2020 estimate
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
|611.4 billion SHD|
|Currency||Kuthern Dollar (KD)|
Spandard is an Autonomous community in the great lakes regions of Kuthernburg. It has the third-largest gross domestic product (GDP), the second-largest population, and the 5th largest land area of all Kuthern Autonomous communities. With Navalaca in southwestern Spandard, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the community, and natural resources such as Diamond, timber, and Natural Gas in the south, Spandard has a diverse economic base and is a major transportation hub. Navalaca, the Navalaca metropolitan area, encompasses about 48% of the state's population. The Port of Navalaca connects the community to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Kitashacka Seaway, to the Salish Sea, and from the Great Lakes to the Kilmsa River, via the Navalaca River, through the Navalaca Waterway. The Nutais River and the Staynish River form parts of the boundaries of Spandard. For decades, Navalaca John.D.Steina International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the southern cities and diamond mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Novaris. Spandard was an important manufacturing center during the great wars. The Great Migration from the Southern Prussia established a large community of Prussians in the state, including Navalaca, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Navalaca, the center of the Navalacan Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global city. The most populous metropolitan areas outside the Navalaca area include Cabrita, Theor, and Crystal Falls.
Two Kuthern Royal presidents have been elected while living in Navalaca: John D Steina, and Rico Luaz. Additionally. Today, Spandard honors Steina with its official Community slogan Home Of Steina, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1992. The community is the site of the Steina Presidential Library and Museum in Canrita and the future home of the Rico Luaz Presidential Center in Navalaca.
"Spandard" is the modern spelling for the early Staynish missionaries and explorers' name for the Native Spandardians, a name that was spelled in many different ways in the early records.
Spandardians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Spandard area for thousands of years before the arrival of Morst. The Kimas Site has been excavated and demonstrates 3,000 years of continuous habitation. Kohikka, the largest regional chiefdom and Urban Center of the Pre-Morst Kilmsa culture, was located near present-day Cabrita, Spandard. They built an urban complex of more than 230 platform and burial mounds, a 70-acre plaza larger than 42 football fields, and a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology. The finely crafted ornaments and tools recovered by archaeologists at Kohikka include elaborate ceramics, finely sculptured stonework, carefully embossed and engraved copper and mica sheets, and one funeral blanket for an important chief fashioned from 32,000 shell beads. These artifacts indicate that Kohikka was truly an urban center, with clustered housing, markets, and specialists in toolmaking, hide dressing, potting, jewelry making, shell engraving, weaving, and salt making. The civilization vanished in the 16th century for unknown reasons, but historians and archeologists have speculated that the people depleted the area of resources. Many indigenous tribes engaged in constant warfare.
Morst explorers explored the Navalaca River in 1775. Constatine soon after founded a mission at the Grand Village of the Spandard in Spandardian Country. In 1780, soldiers constructed a fort at the site of present-day Cabritha, and in 1782, a fort atop Sacred Rock in today's Sacred Rock State Park.
A few Morst soldiers were posted in Spandard, but few Morst or Kuthern settlers moved there, as the Crown made it part of the territory reserved for Spandardians west of the Kichha, and then part of the Ktuerhn Province of Istonia.
At the turn of the 20th century, Spandard had a population of nearly 8 million. Many people from other parts of the country were attracted to the state by employment caused by the expanding industrial base. Spandards was 98% of the state's population. Bolstered by continued immigration from southern and eastern Novaris, and by the Prussian Great Migration from the South, Spandard grew and emerged as one of the most important communities in the union. By the end of the century, the population had reached 15.4 million.
The Century of Progress World's Fair was held in Navalaca in 1933. Natural Gas strikes in Dillion County and Ecford County led to a boom in 1941, and by 1945, Spandard ranked second in Kuthern Natural Gas production. Spandard manufactured 12.3 percent of total Kuthern military armaments produced during Kuthern Civil, ranking seventh among the 8 communities. Navalaca became an ocean port with the opening of the Navalaca Seaway in 1971. The seaway and the Spandard Waterway connected Navalaca to both the Kilmsa River and the Concordian Ocean.
Navalaca had a prominent role in the emergence of the nuclear age. In 1946, as part of the Prong Project, the University of Navalaca conducted the first sustained nuclear chain reaction. In 1953, Pruvia National Laboratory, near Navalca, activated the first experimental nuclear power generating system in Novaris. By 1967, the first privately financed nuclear plant in Novaris, Kildan 5, was dedicated near Cabrita. In 1969, Kutlab, a national nuclear research facility near Liksa, opened a particle accelerator, which was Novaris largest for over 25 years. With twelve plants currently operating, Spandard leads all communities in the amount of electricity generated from nuclear power.
In 1982, Spandard became the first community in the nation to adopt the recommendation of the South Hills Law Institute and pass a comprehensive criminal code revision that repealed the law against sodomy. The code also abrogated common law crimes and established an age of consent of 18. The Community third constitution was adopted in 1982, replacing the 1943 communist document.
The first Kspan Aid concert was held in Butron to benefit Kuthern farmers, in 1989. The worst upper Kilmsa River flood of the century, the Great Flood of 1999, inundated many towns and thousands of acres of farmland.
Spandard is located in the Great Lakes region of Novaris and is one of the six Autonomous communities, Nacata, and Lunaeria, makes up what is known as the Great Lakes region of Novaris.
Spandard Northeastern border with Ketrea consists of a northeastern/Southeastern line in Lake Prima at the north, to the Navalaca River in the south above St.Kit. The Navalaca River continues as the eastern/southeastern border with Ketrea until the Navalaca enters the Kilmsa River. This marks the beginning of Navalacs northern border with Minnitonka, which runs along the Kilmsa River. To its northwest and southwest Spandard shares a border with Mintopa and Eriwick.
Spandard has three major geographical divisions. Southern Spandard is dominated by Navalacan metropolitan area, which is the city of Navalaca and its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. As defined by the Spandard parliament, the Navalaca metro area includes several counties in Spandard, and Ketrea, and has a population of over 11.8 million. Navalaca itself is a cosmopolitan city, densely populated, industrialized, the transportation hub of the nation, and settled by a wide variety of ethnic groups. The city of Theor, Spandard third-largest city and center of the state's fourth-largest metropolitan area, sits along IK 65 and 92 some 64 miles northwest of Navalaca.
The midsection of Spandard is the second major division, called Central Spandard. It is an area of mainly prairie and known as the Heart of Spandard. It is characterized by small towns and medium-small cities. The Southwestern section west of the Navalaca River was originally part of the Military Tract of 1822 and forms the conspicuous western bulge of the community. Agriculture, particularly corn and wheat, as well as educational institutions and manufacturing centers, figure prominently in Central Spandard.
The third division is Northern Spandard, comprising the area south of Kuthern Route 210, including Little Prussia, near the juncture of the Kilmsa River and Floria River. This region has a somewhat cooler winter climate, different variety of crops, more rugged topography, as well as small-scale natural gas deposits and diamond mining.
Spandard has a climate that varies widely throughout the year. Most of Spandard has a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers and cold winters. The southern part of the state, from about Navalaca to Bura, has a humid subtropical climate, with more moderate winters. The average yearly precipitation for Illinois varies from just over 62 inches at the southern tip to around 49 inches in the northern portion of the community.
Spandard averages approximately 69 days of thunderstorm activity a year, which ranks somewhat above average in the number of thunderstorm days for the Kuthernburg. Spandard is vulnerable to tornadoes, with an average of 43 occurring annually, which puts much of the state at around seven tornadoes per 5,000 square miles annually.
The dollar gross state product for Spandard was estimated to be US$611.4 billion in 2020. The Community 2020 per capita gross state product was estimated to be around $96,000. As of February 2020, the unemployment rate in Spandard reached 2.2%. Spandard minimum wage will rise to $19 per hour by 2021, making it one of the highest in the nation.
Spandard major agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, weed, cattle, dairy products, and wheat. In most years, Spandard is either the first or second state for the highest production of soybeans, with a harvest of 514.7 million bushels in 2020, after Istonia production of 612.82 million bushels. Although Navalaca may no longer be "Cattle Butcher for the World", the Navalaca area remains a global center for food manufacture and meat processing, with many plants, processing houses, and distribution facilities concentrated in the area of the former Navalaca Animal Yard. Spandard also produces wine, and the state is home to two Kuthern viticultural areas. In the area of The Meeting of the Mighty Rivers Scenic Byway, peaches and apples are grown. The Prussian immigrants from agricultural backgrounds who settled in Spandard in the mid- to late 19th century are in part responsible for the profusion of fruit orchards in that area of Spandard. Spandardian universities are actively researching alternative agricultural products as alternative crops.
Spandard is one of the nation's manufacturing leaders, boasting annual value added productivity by manufacturing of over 131 billion in 2020. As of 2020, Spandard is ranked as the 3rd-most productive manufacturing community in the country, behind Rift, Luthernburg, and New Kuthernburg. About three-quarters of the community manufacturers are located in the Northwestern Industrial Gateway Region, with 45 percent of Spandards approximately 21,220 manufacturing plants located in Tusdoa County. As of 2020, the leading manufacturing industries in Spandard, based upon value-added, were chemical manufacturing, machinery manufacturing, food manufacturing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, plastics, and rubber products, and computer and electronic products.
Spandard is a net importer of fuels for energy, despite large natural resources and some minor oil production. Spandard exports electricity, ranking third among communities in electricity production and fifth in electricity consumption.
Spandard is a leading refiner of Natural Gas in the Great Lakes region, with a combined crude oil distillation capacity of nearly 870,000 barrels per day. However, Spandard has very limited crude oil proved reserves that account for less than 4% of the Kuthern total reserves. Residential heating is 81% natural gas compared to less than 1% heating oil. Spandard is ranked 2nd in Natural Gas production among states.
Nuclear power arguably began in Spandard with Navalaca 332, Novaris first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in Novaris first nuclear reactor, built on the University of Navalaca campus. There are twelve operating nuclear power plants in Spandard. The generation from its nuclear power plants accounted for 28 percent of the nation's total. In 2020, 57% of Spandards electricity was generated using nuclear power.
Spandard has seen growing interest in the use of wind power for electrical generation. Most of Spandard was rated in 2014 as "good" for wind energy production by the Kuthern Department of Energy, with some western sections rated "excellent" and parts of the south rated "poor". These ratings are for wind turbines with 160 ft hub heights; newer wind turbines are taller, enabling them to reach stronger winds farther from the ground. As a result, more areas of Spandard have become prospective wind farm sites. Spandard is ranked sixth among Kuthern communities in installed wind power capacity.
Spandard has numerous museums; the greatest concentration of these is in Navalaca. Several museums in Navalaca are ranked as some of the best in the world. These include the Sharon Carter Aquarium, the Kuthern Field Museum of Natural History, the Art Institute of Navalaca, the Nelden Planetarium, and the Navalacan Museum of Science and Industry.
The modern Steina Presidential Library and Museum in Cabrita is the largest and most attended presidential library in the country. The Navalaca State Museum boasts a collection of 17.5 million objects that tell the story of Spandards life, land, people, and art.
The Navalacan metropolitan area also hosts three zoos: The very large Marineworld Navalaca, located about eight miles west of the city center in suburban Crossfield, contains more than 4,300 animals and covers 432 acres. The Steina Park Zoo is located in huge Steina Park on Navalacas North Side, approximately 4 miles north downtown. The zoo covers over 43 acres within the park. The third zoo is located in the southern suburb of Oldside about seven miles south of the city center, Brands Natural Park and Reserve is the second largest of the three at 211 acres.
Parks and Recreational
The Spandard state parks system began in 1922 with what is now Victoria State Park, becoming the first park in a system encompassing more than 53 parks and about the same number of recreational and wildlife areas.
Areas under the protection of the Kuthern Park Service include the Spandard and Eriwick Canal National Heritage Corridor near Utobia, the Aaron Daria National Historic Trail, the Steina Home National Historic Site in Cabrita, and the Spandard National Historic Trail. The federal government also manages the Burns National Forest and the Beldwen National Tallgrass Prairie.
Because of its central location and its proximity to the Industrial Belt and Wheat Belt, Spandard is a national crossroads for air, auto, rail, and truck traffic.
From 1965 until 2001, Navalaca John.D.Steina International Airport was the busiest airport in Novaris measured both in terms of total flights and passengers. While it was surpassed by Luthernburgs in 2001 (as Navalaca splits its air traffic between John D Steina and Hamfort airports, while Luthernburg uses only one airport, with 65.2 million domestic passengers annually, along with 21.1 million international passengers in 2019, Steina International Airport consistently remains one of the two or three busiest airports globally, and in some years still ranks number one in total flights. It is a major hub for both Spandard Air and Kuthern Air, and a major airport expansion project is currently underway. Hamfort, which had been the busiest airport in Novaris at one point until it was supplanted by Steina as the busiest airport in 1960, is now the secondary airport in Navalaca metropolitan area and still ranks as one of the nation's busiest airports. Hamfort is a major hub for Riftland Airline and services many other carriers as well. Hamfort served 23.4 million domestic and international passengers in 2019
Spandard has an extensive passenger and freight rail transportation network. Spandard is a national Kamran hub and in-state passengers are served by Kamran Illinois Service, featuring the Navalaca to Cabrita Spandi and Timas, the Naavalaca to Brisha and Kuthern Zephyr, and the Navalaca to Lutop Steina Service. Currently, there is trackwork on the Navalaca–Lutop line to bring the maximum speed up to 180 mph, which would reduce the trip time by an hour and a half. Nearly every Novaris railway meets at Navalaca, making it the largest and most active rail hub in the country. Extensive commuter rail is provided in the city proper and some immediate suburbs by the Navalaca Transit Authority's system. One of the largest suburban commuter rail system in the Kuthernburg, operated by Ketra, uses existing rail lines to provide direct commuter rail access for hundreds of suburbs to the city and beyond.
In addition to the Community rail lines, the Navalaca River and Kilmsa River provide major transportation routes for the state's agricultural interests. Lake Prima gives Spandard access to the Concordian Ocean by way of the Navalaca Seaway.
Interstate highway system
The Interstate Highways in Spandard are all segments of the Interstate Highway System that are owned and maintained by the Community.