Flag of Caltharus
Motto: Honour, Loyalty and Knowledge.
Anthem: ["March of the Caltharusian People."]
|Caltharus (dark green), Great Morstaybishlia (light green), territories (dark grey)|
Caltharus (dark green), Great Morstaybishlia (light green), territories (dark grey)
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Calth|
|Ethnic groups |
|Human 99.6% Vulpine 0.4%|
|Demonym(s)||Caltharusian, Calthian, Calth|
|Government||Devolved parliamentary legislature within a constitutional monarchy|
• Secretary of State
|1,771,150 km2 (683,840 sq mi)|
• 2019 census
|ISO 3166 code||CAL|
Caltharus (Calth: Calthia) is a country that is apart of Great Morstaybishlia. Caltharus borders Staynes to the west, Vothetria, Kothalria and Thalria to the south, Baykalia and Kostromastan to the east, Tivot as well as the Morstaybishlian Sea to the north, as well as 4 inhabited islands.
The Kingdom of Caltharus emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1515. In 1515, Lambertus III united the thrones of Staynes and Caltharus after defeating Gretargius Ballistra at the Battle of Lambertupol which formed the United Kingdom of Staynes and Caltharus, which went on to become the sovereign state of the Morstaybishlian Empire. The union also created a new Parliament of Morstaybishlia, which succeeded both the Parliament of Caltharus and the Parliament of Staynes. Under Redrugus V, Caltharus helped Staynes conquer the Kormistazmic Empire in 1575. In 1897, Morstaybishlia itself entered into a political union with the Caliphate of Packilvania to become the Kingdom of Morstopackia before collapsing twenty years later.
Within Caltharus, the monarchy of Great Morstaybishlia has continued to use a variety of styles, titles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Caltharus. The legal system within Caltharus has also remained separate from those of Staynes, and South Staynes and Justelvard; Caltharus constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law. The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of Great Morstaybishlia have all contributed to the continuation of Caltharusian culture and national identity since the 1515 union with Staynes.
In 2019 Caltharus recorded a population of 141 million, with 38 million people living in the Province of Nocturne. Aeternum, the capital city, has a population of 8.7 million people with 15.16 million in the metropolitan area, making it the second largest city behind Sani Bursil and above Eskrador.
Caltharus is one of the oldest nations in Aurora. Caltharus originated as a city state under Calth, managing to conquer all of the other city states on the Dovian Peninsula. After centuries of imperialistic expansionism and rule under a monarchy a successful revolution in 1513 had King Haligar II executed whilst some royal family members fled to nearby kingdoms. The Republic of Caltharus came into being but was thwarted two years later by an invasion led by Lambertus III of Staynes and his wife, Haligar II's daughter and heir to the throne Katerina. The Union of the Thrones is what led Caltharus and Staynes into political union.
Colonialism and New Age City States
After Calth had conquered the Dovian peninsula, some of the noble families of the fallen city-states began to feel threatened. This threat was caused by the newly established Constantine dynasty, which actively tried to make Calth more centralised nation. This uncertainty among the old nobles resulted in a large movement being created, with colonisation as a primary goal. The old nobles believed that if they could escape from the mainland Calth, they could start their own city states and thus return to the status quo. After 24 years of Constantine rule, this movement finally succeeded in preparing a fleet for colonisation. These ships left Calth in the year 974. Their departure was followed by decades of silence, and it was generally believed that these ships were either lost in a storm or turned in to pirates. However, in 1001 a ship landed in Aeternum (back then known as Calth), claiming it had came from the distant continent Arcturia. This ship told king the tale of the colonisation fleet how it had sailed for far longer distance even thought possible. At first, the king was overjoyed that the colony project had succeeded, but soon he was told by the sailors that the few established colonies had renounced their loyalty to Calth and started forming new city states. Even though the King was outraged by this, he soon realised that there was nothing he could do. For the time being, the colonies were too far away, so he acknowledged these colonies as independent and started trading with them.
In 1164 the Calthian situation finally allowed them to start preparing for conquest of these colonies, that had now grown in to full-fledged city-states. Calthians send their most capable and most loyal commander, in lead of a greatest invasion force that Calth had ever seen, towards these colonies. The commander, known as Colonarius, had sworn to conquer all of the city-states. After a year of sailing, the invasion force arrived at Arcturia. They fortune was on their side, and they landed only few kilometres away from the city of Alaias. Colonarius decided to act fast and instigate, he advanced on the city, and took it by surprise. After only three days of fighting, the city and its occupants surrendered. To the citizens Colonarius promised that they would be spared, and even rewarded, if they would join Calth and fight alongside him. They city quickly accepted the offer, and so Colonarius had made sure that his forces couldn't be driven to the sea or exhausted to death. Despite this early victory, in 1166 the remaining 11 city states formed an alliance to counter the invasion. Colonarius responded to this by striking first, and forcing his enemies to react to his actions, rather than trying to defend against their overwhelming numbers. In the war that ensued, the 'War of twelve cities'; Colonarius had two advantages. Most of his army was well trained and far more disciplined. The war raged on for five years, with Colonarius doing increasingly daring attacks against his enemies. The war finally ended in it's sixth year, after a large, decisive battle, that quickly become known as the miracle of Colonarius.
In this battle Colonarius managed to crush the opposing army decisively, after killing kings of the three leading city-states. After this battle the cities quickly fell in line, and Colonarius become one of the most celebrated military commanders of Calth. The land would eventually be reorganised as territory of the Morstaybishlian Empire under the name 'New Calth' after the Union of the Thrones, and serves as a large trading hub, being in the middle of affairs to and from Gondwana and Aurora.
Main article: Royal Armed Forces of the Empire Historically, Caltharus has a long military tradition that predates the Act of Union with Staynes. Its soldiers form part of the armed forces of Great Morstaybishlia, more usually referred to domestically within Morstaybishlia as the Royal Armed Forces of the Empire (RAFOTE).
Parts of Caltharus have housed many sensitive defence establishments. Between 1960 and 1982, Forchemech was a base for the Morstaybishlian fleet of Polaris ballistic missile submarines.
The Education Board is a devolved administration in Caltharus. Primary schools age is 5-12 and Secondary school age is 12-18. Further education is compulsory unless an apprenticeship scheme is in place.
The biggest three universities in Caltharus all belong in its capital, Aeternum. These are Karagow University, Monmuth University and the City of Aeternum University.
Great houses of Caltharus
After the establishment of the Caltharusian monarchy, the power has been in hands of the Constantine dynasty. Even though they are the royal dynasty, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t any other powerful families in Caltharus. Most of Caltharus is split to smaller counties and rulers of these counties are part of the royal senate, the third power user in Caltharus. (King has half of the power, senate has third of the power and Royal senate has one sixth of the power.) Even though royal senate doesn’t have much power in the whole country, rulers of each county have relatively much power in their own counties, even though in each county there also exists a regional senate. Since the first establishment of the monarchy families that ruled each county fought and plotted against each other to get more power. Currently Caltharus is divided in to 14 counties, from which three are controlled directly by the Constantine dynasty. Constantine dynasty controls Aeternum, Lambertupol and Carcharias provinces. Province Aeternum is on the area where the original city states were.
ouse is relatively new, since they joined Caltharus after Morstayblishian empire was established. Originally house Barbarossa lived in Khanate of Nocturne (Provinces: Nocturne, green and orange and grey). Morstayblishian empire conquered Khanate of nocturne in so called “musket wars” (1732-1756) after centuries of bloody wars and raiding. These wars were the first major wars in which musket was a primary weapon. After being conquered house Barbarossa was one of the more co-operative houses and was rewarded for their loyalty with a small county in mainland of Caltharus. However house Barbarossa was very ambitous one and soon started growing their power. With the monarchs wanting to make sure that Nocturinians wouldn’t rebel (especially since they had their own religion, Amarth Baal, rather than following the same that other Caltharusians followed). Relatively soon, only 40 years after joining the empire they had made their small province one of the most powerful in whole Caltharus. They also were able to expand their small province into modern day Barbarus.
House Ferrus (in modern days Irons)
Province of Black mountains is ruled by House Ferrus. The mountains got their name in ancient times when large amounts of coal was found there. Originally the province was part of Ecaltus, nation that was conquered by King Sigmund I Constantine “The victorious” in 1076. Ecaltus was known for it rich mines and after it being conquered main focus in Caltharusian economy shifted from agriculture to mining. Even to this day provinces that once were part of Ecaltus (Eskrador and Black mountains) provide most of minerals needed by Caltharusian economy. In modern day House Ferrus might be the most powerful great house in whole Caltharus, current heir of the House, Jakob Irons, is CEO of Ferrus industries, main weapon developer and manufacturer in Caltharus. Ferrus industries is partially under goverments rule, but most of the decisions are made by Jakob Stahl. Even though Ferrus industries main focus is on weapons, they have also expanded to other areas.
Province of Eskrador is ruled by house Acceron, the ruling family of Ecaltus. Because ecaltus was conquered in just one year (although after the first war had collapsed their economy) the act of making Ecaltus a Caltharusian vassal and later integrating it to the nation was relatively painless and easy. Because of this House acceron was allowed to stay and rule first the vassal Ecaltus and later half of Ecaltus when it was integrated (Ecaltus was split in to two provinces during the integration to weaken House Acceron). Although House Acceron is one of the oldest of Houses in Caltharus, it’s power has been in steady decline ever since the “Musket wars” (1732-1756) in which Kingdom of Nocturne was conquered. The decline resulted from muskets becoming more important which resulted in large growth of demand of iron. While House Ferrus managed to answer to the challenge and secure the best trade oppoturnities within the empire, House Acceron failed and started to lose it’s power. In modern days House Acceron has lost their grip of the Eskador, which is one of the wealthiest provinces in Caltharus. With House Accerons grip lost many new Houses are trying to take their place.
Province Mundus is ruled by house Narcius, House directly decending from the city state of Calth. Provinces Mundus, Barbarus, Prosperro and Harrus were part of Nukdaus, old empire whose vassal city state Calth was. When Calth had united the Calthian peninsula and started preparing for conquest of Nukdays, their old overlord was already weakened by the rise of their rival Staynes. With kingdom of Staynes keeping Nukdays busy, Nukdays wasn’ty ready for Calths attack on them. This resulted in long but victorious war by Calth. Not only was Nukday busy because of Staynes, it also had been in state of civil disorder for almost a decade and when Calth attacked it’s defences soon collapsed. Despite the initial collapse of Nykdays defences, they still managed to fight back but the war (876-891) still resulted in their defeat and surprisingly full annexation. House Narcius was one of the Great houses of city state Calth and was so appointed to rule and govern Provice Mundus, after the war. House Narcius was at the height of it’s power just before the great war, and managed to hold on it’s claims in the empire and even managed to expand it’s province in the years after the war. House Narcius is respected in all of Caltharus and is known for it’s steady, long and just rule.
House Luscus rules province Prosperro, that is the most important province considering trade with Staynes and Matriarchy of Ethalria. This has made House Luscus one of the most important houses in Caltharus. Just like House Narcius, also House Luscus was originally a great house in city state Calth. They also where appointed to rule a province in newly conquered Nukdaus. For several centuries Prosperro was just a province on the western fringe of Caltharus. Then after Magnus I was married to the queen of Staynes, it suddenly become the most important trade hubs in all of Caltharus. After conquest of Ecaltus and it’s rich mines, trade hub in Prosperro grew even larger and it became the most important trade hub in Caltharus.
House Custodian rules province Korrius(violet) but they weren’t the original rulers of the lush forest of Korrius. They seized the control of the province right after Lambertus III manged to re-establish the monarchy. When Lambertus III made the original ruler family of Korrius a warning example, there was lots of power play surrounding the appointment of a successor. Respected military house, house Custodian, rose from this power play victorious. Since the appointment of House Custodian, Korrius has become a highly militaristic province in which resides one of the biggest military academies of Caltharus. House Custodian originates from Lambertus IIIs guards who retired after decades of faithful service. As a sign of respect to the retiring leader was gifted a plot of land in korrius, a province so many of his brethren fell conquering.
House Hessius rules province Marenus . House Hessius rose quickly from nothingness to glory, when Magnus Is grandmothers sister, Gunilla II, was married to this relatively low family. Three generations later, during the reign of Julia I (who was daughter of Magnus Is brother) the monarchy was violently overthrown. This led to House Constantine dying out in Caltharus, but because of Gunilla IIs marriage, blood of Constantines now flowed within House Hessius. When Lambertus III returned to the country and took the crown of Caltharus, he married with the heir of house Hessius, because of the Constantine blood running in them. Ever since then house has been a major player in the inner politics of Caltharus. Even to this day they have ruled … without much competition. They have also made … the most important supplier of ships to the Caltharusian navy.
House Letholdus rules province Jomsgord, that was originally part of kingdom of Nocturne. Nocturne consisted of Jomsgord, Vorgord, Holmgord and Helgord and it had fought against Caltharus in multiple occasions before it was finally conquered in “musket wars” (1732-1776). Before that in that province had started a reformation of the Church of Gaius(Gaius means Urth) which also happened to be the main religion in Caltharus. During this reformation the religion reformed into the Pantheon of the shattered god. Even though the reformation started in Nocturne, it wasn’t the largest religion in there, Amon Baal was.
House Nacara was the original ruler family of Black mountains, but in 1408 a plot to get Eskrador under their rule failed and ultimately they were striped from their titles and provinces. Even so house Nacara didn’t surrender without a fight, but Black mountains were surrounded by now hostile provinces and their rulers. When the commander of their forces, Jorhan Ferrus, betrayed them it become clear that they couldn’t survive the following purge of rebels.