Federation of the Mirhaimian Realm
Motto: Ar Speryson, Ar Sairna, Ar Tiarnas,
"For Gods, For Realm, For Dominion"
("March of the Banner")
Map of mainland Mirhaime
|Recognised national languages||Fefsen|
|Ethnic groups||95.8% Fefsen, 4.2% Others|
|Religion||Glaithon Paganism/Non-religious (88.6%) No religion/Others (11.1%)|
|Legislature||Grand Assembly of the Mirhaimian Realm|
• First Unification of the Realm
|0 A.U (1 BCE)|
• War of Trinterian Succession
• Formation of the Trinterian Confederacy
• Treaty of Daemir
|September 1st, 1650|
• Formation of the Mirhaime Federation
|September 2, 1650|
• Current Constitution
|April 2, 1862|
• 2018 estimate
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|SDI (2021)|| 0.945|
|Currency||Inter(on) Mirhaimened (IM)|
|Mains electricity||240V, 50Hz|
|ISO 3166 code||MH|
Mirhaime, officially Federation of the Mirhaimian Realm (Keffrysans na Sairna Mirhaimened), abbreviated M.H., byname Trinteria, is a country located in the continent if Novaris.
It is a federal monarchy of 42 states and governorates organised under 10 Grand Dominions. The national capital is Ymirodraeth Special Administrative Region (SAR) which was established in 1650 as an entity independent from Loren directly managed by Empire Hill.
The territory of Mirhaime encompasses a wide variety of landscapes: the tall, sheer mountains of its Central Highlands which form a defensive barrier around its heartland; the forested hills of the urbanized Grand Dominion of Aeter; and the plains of the agricultural Grand Dominion of Kunasau. At the spiritual and economic heart of the country is the Metropolitan of Loren by the Nedh River flowing into the Armadh Channel separating the mainland from the Grand Dominion of Zorak. Along the banks of the Nedh and its principal tributaries stand hundreds of ancient ruins and sites of castlesy villages, towns and ancient centers of culture and education including names such as the urban OSEAGHE and Saint Ceamhaidh's Keep. All are centrepieces of Mirhaime's thriving tourist economy, which brings millions of visitors to the country each year, drawn by its natural beauty, history, culture, and cuisine (including its renowned wines and beers).
Though its federal system might otherwise be considered as a predominantly Republican system, the Lewydh, whose authorities extend over all three branches of government, also occupies the Marghal Throne and the associated styles and titles - qualifying them as a monarch.
Various Fefsen-speaking tribes have inhabited modern Mirhaime since antiquity with the very first human, and elven presence in the country being recorded around 500,000 years prior in caves around the tiarnas of Tenkir, and Yseult. These tribes later developed into some of Novaris' oldest advanced civilizations beginning with the human Rytak civilization (1600-1700 BU) in modern day Loren, the Sybak civilization (1600-1500 BU) on Sentinel Island, and the Fefsen-speaking elven Ostka civilization (1400-1300 BU) in modern day Yseult. These major civilizations later fractured into independent teyrnions and kingdoms that existed throughout the period known as Classical Trinteria before being united into the Trinterian Commonwealth around the 1st century CE through the efforts of Aran the Great, usurper of the former Patriarch of the Aeterite Hierarchy.
The Trinterian Commonwealth came to dominate the majority of Mirhaimian history throughout five eras commonly referred to as "The Eras of the Commonwealth". Having become an imperialist power in earnest following its unification under the Feldrot Dynasty, the Trinterian Commonwealth evolved into a formidable power in Eastern Novaris through means of conquest, and economic superiority gained through the domination of sea, and land trade routes. Though regularly plagued by instability throughout its history, Trinterian sciences and culture evolved drastically under the Trinterian Commonwealth.
Numerous events, including a catastrophic economic recesion caused by a plague, as well as a preceding civil war culminated in the dissolution of the Trinterian Commonwealth in 1482 which begun the century-long War of Trinterian Succession. In the immediate aftermath of the collapse, the Mirhaimian Realm was plunged into civil war with the primary combatants having been the Trinterian Confederacy base in Cathal and the Trinterian Commonwealth (commonly referred to in the context of the period as the Aeterite Imperium).
The war, owing to the diplomatic efforts of Herad J. Kairas, the then-Lewydhoran of the Confederacy, the tide of the war slowly turned in their favour. However, with the exhaustion suffered by both sides from the war, negotiations were preferred by all parties, prompted by the change of throne into the hands of Empress Betraís of the Imperial Clan of Sonagh. The signing of the Treaty of Daemir on September 1, 1648 saw the defining of a Keffrysyans (Federation) encompassing the entirety of the Mirhaimian Realm including territories then not governed by either the Trinterian Confederacy or the Commonwealth in Aeter. With preparations underway for the merging of the governments into a final seat of power in Ymirodreath, the Federation of the Mirhaimain Realm was formally established on September 2, 1650 with the former Empress Betraís Keiara Sonagh presuming office as its first Lewydh.
With the subsequent period of Tairas Soikan (Resurging Peace), Mirhaime underwent a period of rapid development from an agricultural to an industrial state during the early stages of the 19th century. This allowed Mirhaime to regain its relevancy prior to the collapse of the Commonwealth.
The most important event in recent Mirhaimian history is the Ymirodraeic Revival of 1865-1868 prompted by decades of economic inequality caused by a shaky period of industrialization and the lack of representation in the functioning of the government. This precipitated the Marghal Revolution of 1865 which overthrew the regime of old and produced many important documents, changes and reforms which still expresses Mirhaime's ideals to this day on top of being the guiding principle of its foreign policies and government for the next few decades.
With the end of the Great War, troubles at home and numerous other events this saw Mirhaime intensify its involvement abroad mainly for the economic opportunities that it might bring as well as to distant Mirhaime away from the same Novaran entanglements that saw the country endure a brutal eight years of combat. These endeavours resulted in Mirhaime becoming (thus far) small player on the international stage though large enough for people to remember its name. It's current most important entanglements are in Arcturia in the from of Phoenixian Afragola - a colony historically subjected to economic exploitation with a deep rift in its society still - and Western Gondwana where it is currently acting as a de-facto arbiter for regional affairs with a defence treaty signed with the Serene Emirate of Sayyed, and a protectorate status extended over the Theocratic Republic of Aldaar. Its most recent war was fought in 2017 with the outbreak of the Second Dømin War in Afragola which was sparked by popular uprising that it helped put down. However, with the threats of Western Gondwana being engulfed in war again, Mirhaime is preparing itself for all possible scenarios leading into 2023 and beyond.
The mother tongue of the majority of the population is Fefsen which has many varying dialects by region. The most important foreign language is Staynish, which is taught in schools in all federal states. Mirhaime's culture is inherently diverse and with numerous traditions, institutions and events being recorded and recognized internationally. Many sites in Mirhaime are recognized as World Heritage Sites due to their cultural, and historical significance
The Staynish word Trinteria derives from the archaic term Trinktri'sa which is used in Mirhaime to refer to the heartlands of the Mirhaimian realm around the Don'drah plains. The native term Mirhaime, the true meaning of which is lost to time, was first documented in the 12th century Before Unification in "Codex of the Realm" written by a collection of unknown writers in Old Fefsen, and was later adopted as the official name of the Commonwealth in Fefsen (ᚲᛟᛗ-ᛚᚨᚦᚨᛊ ᛗᛁᚱᚺᚨᛁᛗᛖ×ᛊᚨ. translit: Commonwealth of the Mirhaimian Realm). By historical records and writings, beginning in the 10th Century Before Unification, educated Trinterians (humans; dwarves; and elves alike) began to refer to themselves as daoine Mirhaime (Mirhaimian people).
Prehistory and Early History
Archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of humans in what is now Mirhaime as early as the Paleolithic age. Stone artefacts excavated in Aeter have been claimed to date to 0.78 Mya. Homo erectus fossils dating to around 500,000 BC have been found in caves in Kyri and Kanar in Central Mirhaime. The oldest Homo sapiens fossils from mainland Mirhaime are of Middle Pleistocene provenance, and include isolated tooth fragments from Osten, and Oro. Teeth attributed to Homo sapiens from the Late Pleistocene have been found at Blaithnad, and from the Early Holocene at Naoned, and Loren. By about 2,000 BC, the development of agriculture in the Zithdran and Dondran floodplains led to the flourishing of the Don'drah culture, notable for its bronze casting used to make elaborate bronze drums. At this point, the early Trinterian kingdoms appeared, and the culture's influence spread to other parts of Novaris, including Maritime Novaris, throughout the second and first millennium BC.
Thus, Trinteria became the home of some of Novaris' oldest advanced civilizations and is considered the birthplace of the Mirhaimian civilization, beginning with the Rytak civilization (1600-1700 BU) in modern day Loren, the Sybak civilization (1600-1500 BU) on Sentinel Island, and the Fefsen-speaking elven Ostka civilization (1400-1300 BU) in modern day Osten'ga. These civilizations possessed writing, all of which were some form of runes which later evolved into the modern Furak Script which has been in use since the Realm first united 2,000 years ago. Though the unearthed texts are too fragmentary for the reconstruction of the political landscape and can't support the existence of a larger state, contemporary Tretridian, and Sarvian records suggest the presence of a single state under a "Great Emperor" based in mainland Trinteria. However, it is likely that this State, had it even existed, suffered a catastrophic collapse which gave way to the birth of the eras known as Ancient Trinteria, and later Classical Trinteria.
First Anarchy and the Unification of the Realm
With the growth of Fefsen kingdoms following the flourishing of their culture, many tribal unions, city states, kingdoms and empires came to dominate the geopolitical landscape of ancient Trinteria. These states and their colonies reached great levels of prosperity that resulted in an unprecedented cultural boom, that of classical Trinteria, expressed in architecture, drama, science, mathematics and philosophy. In 689 BU, the elven City of Osten instituted one of the earliest democratic system of government, ruled by a decentralized government comprised of council elders voted into power by the city's citizens.
Trinteria's lack of political unity resulted in frequent conflict between Fefsen states. The Kilishandra War (675–629 BU) was the most devastating intra-Fefsen war, won by the Aeterite Hierarchy (modern day Loren and Blaithnad) and signaling the end of the Kyri Republic (modern day Potza'ga and Tenkir'ga) as the leading power in ancient Trinteria. Beginning in the sixth century BU, the Aeter Hierarchy, based on the thriving Loren'ga, became a dominant military, cultural, and economic power in ancient Mirhaime, absorbing several smaller cities and kingdoms through either calm diplomacy in the League of Daitak or brutal wars of conquests (ie. The War of the Azure Coast, 353 BU - 322 BU between the Aeter Hierarchy and the Oro Empire.).
Following the annihilation of the Utmo Dynasty which had dominated the Hierarchy for more five centuries, the usurping Aran The Great of the Imperial Clan of Feldrot assumed the leadership of the Aeterite Hierarchy and proclaimed a holy union to combat an invasion from the Itak Horde from the East in 17 B.U, a union which conveniently allowed him to solidify his position in the League of the Realm. Undefeated in battle, the young Aran had not only defeated the barbarian invasion, but had also conquered the historical homeland of the Itakis in the land which became the Ga of Lium by 10 B.U. Following a two year period of stabilization, Aran proclaimed a crusade with the approval of the Church of Glaithon which he helped found in Geith and succesfully united the Realm under a single polity, proclaiming the establishment of the Trinterian Commonwealth in what became Year Zero in the Realm Calendar. A thirty years-period of stabilizing the political situation, and ensuring the continued unificiation of the Realm ensued, wherein great changes were brought to the Realm from compulsory education to the Proclaimation of Faith which solidified the Glaithonist faith as the dominating religion in Trinteria. What ensued was a golden age for the Realm and the rapid spread of the Fefsen language and Fefsen culture in the territories conquered by following Monarchs. Trinteran Commonwealth science, technology, and mathematics are generally considered to have reached their peak during the First, Second, and Third Era of the Commonwealth.
War of Varausian Subjugation
First Era of The Commonwealth
Following the ascendency to the Drake Throne, Emperor Aran Ke'sed and trusted advisors began work to stabilize the fragile Realm. From the Humiliating of Ytian (7 AU) to the War for Magai (12 AU), a sense of national pride was ignited across the Commonwealth. Historians attributed the longevity of the Realm partially to the introduction of a system of compulsory education known as Limun na Daoine (People's Learnings) under Emperor Aran in a Commonwealth-wide decree, which was revolutionary for its level of standardization, and promotion of a single national identity through a large collections of sayings called Huvan. Every child was educated, no matter his or her social status, whether noble, or commoner. Two different schools taught the young—one for the noble class and one for commoners, although bright, talented commoners might be chosen for advanced learning at the noble school.
The closure of the education gap from the peasantry to the upper class, as well as a new-founded sense of national pride ensured the continued existence of the Commonwealth, as well as a steady increase in craftsmanship, and trade across the Commonwealth. The introduction of an organized educational system solidified the Drake Throne's hold on the Realm, and formed a culture that promotes intellectualism. Three of the most influential Fefsen poets—Ovon, Hitak, and Kitan—belong to this period of history. Ovon wrote the Aeneid, creating a national epic for Trinteria whilst Hitak perfected the usage of the Sautam verse form which swiftly became popular for its easy-to-learn tone, and rhyme rules which allowed it to be enjoyed and composed by lowly peasants to noble princes alike. Kitan followed suit, and wrote The Tale of Kanri, an epic poem considered one of the most famous poem and a classic in Trinterian literature.
War of Zorakian Subjugation
The rich city of Zysen defected to Kaosen, followed quickly by others in Zenkau and Akas. A Trinterian Army in Tenkir, under the Consult-Elect Kiran Zumsai, was annihilated, seeing another 20,000 Trinterian soldiers killed. The Zorakian fleet raided from Blaithnad and Oro at will. Half the Consuls elected from 497 to 503 CE were slain on the battlefield.
Gersi Ensagh, Matriarch of Klanna Elmear of the High Trinterian hairn of Tasar, was declared Warmaster Superior by Her Imperial Majesty, Empress Mhearai Awrae Feldrot in the autumnal tang of Kaal, 503 After Unification - this honor bestowed upon her under the watchful eyes and the silent approval of the Gods.
With the new authorities bestowed upon her, she became the mastermind behind the swift recovery of the Trinterian Banner Army under the service of the crown-under-heaven after the disastrous defeats at Fansau and Zumire where legions were shattered at the hands of Kaosen War-Bird. Two legions and ten thousands citizens-at-arms per year as rejuvenated Jadas rose at a rate unthinkable to the Zorakian aristocrats whose entire war efforts depended solely upon a army of a season led by a charismatic general whose victories in battle they had not the intention to honor by bestowing upon him the lowliest of senatorial position.
Although Kaosen War-Bird found himself victorious in many battles and inflicted heavy casualties on the Trinterians, he could not win the war simply because he did not have enough soldiers at arms with his ranks and files comprised solely of forcefully conscripted peasants and mercenaries who'd often disband themselves and ran if their lives were in danger as shown by the 15th Legion under Consult-Elect Jatan Carvita in the Battle of Butau. In essence, Kaosen invaded Trinteria with too small an army to fight a long war. He had a fixed number of soldiers which he could not easily replace (although he had false hope he could rally Trinterians to his cause).
While the Trinterians were able to take risky military maneuvers and trade casualties man for man - sapping the enemy's manpower - the Zorakians under Kaosen could not. Although Kaosen was able to capture a few cities and trading ports, he was never able to march his galleys to Loren-by-the-Sea where the Trinterian seat of power rested out of fear of wasting his limited numbers of galleys in fruitless charges much to his own frustration.
While the Trinterians were busy gathering a force of four hundred new galleys laid down and eighty thousand siinarai in eight Jadas backed by nearly a hundred thousand auxiliaries which saw the now three times defeated legions growing to twice the size of their adversary, Kaosen's victorious army settled into their winter quarters in Samhail along the coast of High Trinteria and and scrounged for food and equipment while his pleas of support fell on deaf aristocrat Zorakian ears. With the odds in her favor, Warmaster Gersi Elmear swept across the coast and retook the cities which fell to Kaosen in his past campaigns, sapping away her foe's manpower as the cities came back to Trinterian Commonwealth hands - their Governors either dismissed or beheaded at her order. On the other hand, rather than engage in direct battle with the Trinterian forces, Kaosen plotted his retreat back to Zorak with the bulk of his forces whilst leaving a small contingent behind in an attempt to mask his movement from his advancing foes. However, in a stroke of luck for the Trinterian, a copy of a general movement order containing invaluable information was found hidden inside an inconspicuous sack by Siinarai of Saint Basal's 19th Jadas in a Zorakian scout camp some thirty miles south of Zysen which fell into Trinterian hands some five days prior by a force of three Jadas under Battlemaster Jatan Nased. Although the date on the letter were four days old, it was passed along to Warmaster Gersi Elmear who cautiously plotted a sizable force of twelve Jadas to intercept Zorakian forces retreating to Liwen where they were to board their galleys and retreat to Zorak where Kaosen had hoped he would be able to rebuild his forces and resume his campaign.
something something filler
A letter in which detailed the Trinterian demands for peace was given to the Zorakians by a messenger who was accepted in good faith by Kaosen War-Bird. In said letter, the Trinterians demanded the reduction of Zorakian Republic's territorial extent to just their capital of Abtawe - effectively reducing them to a city-state - as well as an indemnity of 8,000 silver talents. Though many senior Zorakian nobles had expressed strong desire to reject the treaty and continue waging war with whatever remaining resources the Republic still had at their disposal, Kaosen War-Bird was a vocal supporter as he saw it as a way to put a permanent to the end of war the cost of which in blood he considered to be "outrageous" in his later writings. Despite Kaosen's best attempt at avoiding bloodshed, the Zorakian senate unanimously chose to reject the call for surrender out of the false hope that they could yet rally a force large enough to at least push the Trinterian legions out of the island and achieve, at least, a white peace - a decision that Kaosen latter called a "grevious mistake".
Kaosen War-Bird's hands were forced as he was threatened execution had he reject his orders. For his final campaign, Zorak managed to rally some 80,000 soldiers in comparison to the Trinterian's 70,000 in fourteen Jadas who were gathered in and around the city of Zylau.
The campaign ended in disaster for the Zorakians at the battle of Kunentas when Warmaster Gersi Elmear personally lead an outnumbered force of 40,000 in eight of the Jadas at her disposal to victory against a demoralized, poorly-equipped Zorakian force of 60,000 with few losses. The final battle of the war occurred on the spring of 506 AU when the Trinterians launched their final assault at the Zorakian capital of Abtawe after having besieged it for over four months as they braced themselves for winter. The battle saw the city systematically destroyed as many of its inhabitants slained; the 40,000 who yet remained were sold into slavery. Though other Zorakian nobles had their lands stripped as they were either slain, or made slaves, Kaosen War-Bird was spared by Warmaster Gersi Elmear as he was sent into exile to the island of Zufan Supreme where he remained till his death in 543. The formerly Zorakian territories became the new gairn of Zorak as a new Trinterian city was built on the ruins of Abtawe.
Second Era of The Commonwealth
Generally considered to be an interlude between the First and the Third Era, the starting events that led up the start of the Second Era were illustrated by the rampant corruption present within the crown following the ascension of Empress Cadwyn Zarum Feldrot to the throne at the age of 3. Her mother, Lady Cothi, became Empress Dowager. This particular ascension was the subject of widespread controversy at the time due to whispers of court intrigue, with the death of Dawyn Aran Feldrot whom many thought was to be crowned Emperor rumored to be the work of an assassination planned by Lady Cothi in order to secure the crown for her lineage which was an extension of the greater Feldrot Dynasty itself.
With her son's death, Lady Caeman, the mother of Dawyn conspired to depose the rule of Empress Cadwyn with assistance of noble houses discontent with the rule of the current Empress Dowager. As winter descended upon the Commonwealth in 464, six guard centuries in the Imperial Citadel rose up in mutiny and attempted to besiege, and enter the Eryas Palace where they sought to apprehend the Empress Dowager and her daughter. However, a backdoor agreement was struck between the Empress Dowager, and several key military leaders of the plot that resulted in the death of Lady Caeman at the hand of her most trusted advisors - all of whom later received amnesty, and became battlemasters later in their career.
Third Era of The Commonwealth
It is universally agreed upon that the Third Era of the Commonwealth begun following the ascension of the young Princess Aine of the Imperial Clan Elmear to the Drake Throne in 985 in a period known as the Aneian Era, and ended following the end of the reign of Empress Feilim of the Imperial Clan Aein in 1400, an event which also marked the end of the Feilim era and the beginning of the Third Era of the Commonwealth.
During the Ainyean Era, the Commonwealth begun to emerge as a prominent imperialist power as it engaged in aggressive wars of expansion in a two-century long period of expansion and settlement driven by a widely held cultural belief known as Destined Growth which states that Trinteria's expansion and growth are the Will of the Divines. Another event of note during the Ainyean Era is the Rise of Trinterian Naval Prowess wherein a decree written by Empress Ainye begun the construction of several fleets of flotillas which the Commonwealth used to wrestle control of several islands in the regional sea, allowing it to dominate shipping lines for a period of time.
Under the militant Empress Feilim, political power was slowly stripped from the Church of Glaithon and into the hands of the Diets, and the Inquisition which were revamped and expanded. It was also under her command that the Banner Army successfully completed their 500-year attempt at the subjugation of the Northern Marches as the lost Kingdom of Nordlys and came to swear its "unwavering loyalty and devotion to the cause of the Drake Throne, and whomever chosen by the Divines to mount it.".
Though generally considered to be a period of great military, scientific, and political changes, political discord and civil disobedience began to emerge, culminating in the event known as The Grand Schism wherein the noble house of Jelias deposed the Elmear Dynasty, and installed their Patriarch, Eimear Jelias nar Ymirodraeth, as Emperor of the Commonwealth before being removed from power by a loyalist army led by the young Feilim Niamh Aein who were crowned Empress following the death of the heirless child-Emperor Aran.
The Grand Schism
Fourth Era of The Commonwealth
According to modern historians, the Fourth Era of The Commonwealth began with the death of Feilim the Great in the year 1400, marking the first stepping stone in the degradation and eventual dissolution of the Commonwealth as a sovereign governing entity. Though her death was quickly followed by the ascension of her eldest and most excellent daughter, Ilia Ella Aein nar Loren, contemporary political commentators and modern historians alike agree that her naiveté and inability to handle court politics without the assistance of a handful of corrupted advisors led to the removal of policies and laws ratified under her mother's rule, making backdoor malfeasance a common occurrence within all branches of the government. It was not uncommon during this period to hear or see political rivalries being resolved via petty skirmishes carried out by private militias, a historically prohibited form of a organized force of arms legalized by Ilia in 1413.
Though stability was maintained, the Commonwealth ceased all growth by the late 15th century, becoming engulfed in political infighting that culminated in a number of peasant revolts and mutinies well into the 16th century as subsequent Emperors and Empresses failed to contain the spread of corruption and division in Trinterian society. Historians came to agree that two major events led up to the catastrophic dissolution of the Commonwealth: The Erian Imperial Uprising (1421-1436) and the Plague of Juhina in 1437.
In the wake of the Taiyōan Unification of the Realm referred to by Trinterian scholars at the time as Likuan, dissent began to emerge almost immediately as people from the defeated tribes rose up in revolt against the victorious Taiyō. Despite being plagued by internal rebellions, the nascent Great Imperial Confederation of Taiyō sought to expand its territorial prowess outwards, incorporating a number of small tribes via wars of conquests. At that same time, the Trinterian Commonwealth, having completed its conquest of the Northern Marches by annexing the predominantly Ursinic Kingdom of Nordlys began to take notice at the chain of events that were unfolding though did nothing to intervene in the matter for more than 15 years, and thus, general peace was maintained between the two Empires. However the regional power balance had been lost. Taiyōan military settlers moved in and new leaders took over the conquered communities. Several influential tribal leaders sought out the Trinterians for assistance, however, they were promptly rejected.
The Trinterian Commonwealth had expressed its interests in the region following the successful incorporation of the Northern Marches into the "civilized world". Thus, a steady stream of settlers began to pour into the region from 1368 onwards, leading to a sharp increase in population in the region by 1380. By Werwi Day, 1381, the Clodagh West Circuit counted some 35,321 households, a sharp increase of nearly 76% from the statistic done in 1363.
The Taiyōan court was also in the process of consolidating its frontier during this time. In 1377, efforts were made to take direct control of the frontier and its manpower. The northern frontier in the Zuyo region was divided into new administrative units: Nulon, Vantiep, Hishima..... Each of these units was assigned an official. Militia units were established among local communities conscripts had the character "Sons of the Celestials" tattooed on their foreheads. This reflected a distinctly Taiyōan way of controlling regional manpower.
Unrest in the Frontier began following the incorporation of several tribes into the Dominion of the Great Imperial Confederation of Taiyō and the appointment of titles to several tribal leaders in 1379. In the view of the Trinterian court, these titles were not merely honorary appointments. The 45 newly incorporated hamlets were assigned hamlet militia leaders. It was perhaps this intensification of border defense that the Trinterian court felt threatened by, as it saw its own systems of local control being slowly eroded away.
By 1380, tensions begun to arose in the frontier regions as Trinterian-backed chiefdoms began to organize raids into the territories of Taiyo for cattle, the most notable of which is the raid launched by Chieftain Litak Hunting Bird of the Wika tribe who, with his son Huka Wildcat, managed to capture a 3 local Taiyōan military inspectors. In the summer of 1381, an incursion into the territory of the Wika tribe was launched by Taiyoan-backed forces but failed to recover the military inspectors who were being held as hostages by the tribal people. In the midst of the fighting, another 8 Taiyōan inspectors were killed. The military commissioner Uehara Takara sought aid from a coalition of tribes for a joint attack on Wika and Trinterian-held territories in retaliation. The Trinterian court caught wind of this and began directly courting local leaders.
Despite the increased military tensions, the Trinterian court attempted to defuse the situation by dispatching a delegation to Qun Xing led by Wikta Kin nar Osten'ga. The Taiyan authorities asked for the return of their military commissioner, but they were denied. Both sides' leaders were wary of further escalation and directed their respective local military commissions to refrain from assembling troops. Empress Freida Ke'sed of Trinteria was very vocal about not starting a war with Taiyo during the early stages of the conflict; historians agree that this opinion stemmed from the fact that Trinteria had little to gain if was to emerge victorious.
Despite this attempt to calm the situations, skirmishes between local tribes continued well into 1383.
In early 1384, a group of diplomats led by Bao Ying were dispatched to Trinteria by Yuèliàng patriarchs who sought to thwart Taiyōan dominion over their territories, and were willing to pay tributes to Trinteria in exchange for the restoration of their independence. An opportunity arose for Trinteria to cripple a rival in the region whilst acquiring new vassals to incorporate, Empress Freida allowed the Banner Army to assemble a force to heed the patriarchs' plea.
Preparations well into the Winter as battle plans were drawn up by a Command Council led by Warmaster of the Banner Army, and Knight Commander of the Chivalrous Order of Hidran, Ilia Wyk nar Osten. The invasion was to commence by winter's end in 1385 with an Army of roughly 100,000 backed by 40,000 auxiliaries were assembled from the ranks of the 22nd to the 33rd Imperial Legions. This Army was reinforced by an additional 40,000 raised from local tribes who also provided an additional 15,000 auxiliaries.
The early stages of the war were notably defined by scoring Trinterian victory as the technologically inferior Taiyōan-led loyalist army lost nearly the entirety of its southern territory before being able to score a victory in the Battle of the Misty Marsh where they forced the Trinterian Army to retreat to Zung Wa where a siege lasting nearly 4 months ensued, broken only be a peace treaty that permanently set in place Trinterian suzerainty over the Taiyoan constituent of Yueliang, and the longest standing Mirhaimian military abroad in the form of the 3000-strong chivalrous Northern Order, which has maintained a permanent present in the country since 1388.
Whilst the war was - and still is - considered a Trinterian victory in Mirhaime, the loss of lives and materiel in the Trinterian-Taiyōan War, coupled with the death of Feilim the Great in 1400, quickly saw it become the Trinterian Commonwealth's final large-scale conquest.
Erian Imperial Uprising
The Erian War was a civil war that began in Erian'ga with a splintering of Banner Army units and Orders of Knights. Initially dismissed as insignificant, the movement gained popularity among the region's common people and nobles through an effective political front that rallied the population around a common cause of reforming the Commonwealth. Minor skirmishes escalated into major battles, and fighting devolved into painful stalemates and high costs in lives and resources, forcing the movement's leadership to surrender to Emperor Betran Aein's forces in 1436. The War had serious outcomes since it almost bankrupted the crown toward the end, driving the ongoing Emperor to downsize the size of the Banner Army and Armada, bringing about the Commonwealth being not able to keep vassals and constiuents from declaring independence in later crisis.
The Plague of Juhina (1465 - 1472) was the first major outbreak of the first pandemic which began with a contagious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. The disease afflicted the entirety of the Trinterian Commonwealth, and several neighboring states. Named after the reigning Empress Juhina the Sick (1445-1478) who, according to her court historian Witak nar Osten'ga, contracted the disease and recovered in 1466, at the height of the epidemic which killed about a fifth of the population in the Commonwealth's capital. In its wake, the Plague left as many as 4 million death, and weakened the Commonwealth to the point of total political collapse in 1484.
Collapse of The Commonwealth
The collapse did not occur overnight, but rather a decade-long process in which tiarnas who had been a part of the Commonwealth for thousands of years seceded from the Court of Heaven and revoked their ancient oaths of allegiance to the Drake Throne, which then sat alone in the possession of whoever controlled the military of the Ga of Loren at the time. Banner Army units broke rank, and came to swear their service to the Lords of their native tiarnas, whilst the flotillas of the Banner Armada descended into infighting, and piracy. When its Patriarch. Lord Deku Gottin nar Zuruk'ha, declared his intention to depart from the Court of Heaven and establish dominion over his own Ga in 1482. And as such, the Ga of Oro became the first to break away from the Commonwealth. This abrupt secession was expected to be met with fierce opposition both militarily and politically from the Emperor and his Diets, however, only minor resistance was made as the Diets under the child-Empress Camrhyd Ke'drai failed to rally enough manpower, and materiel to respond in force. This response (or rather lack thereof) proved to be disastrous politically for the the regime ruling from the imperial citadel in Loren as its constituent states begun to secede en masse whilst the crown was powerless to halt the inevitable collapse. The Commonwealth officially ceased to exist in 1484, its constituent states coming to form their own states independent from the authority of the Drake Throne. The Commonwealth Diets were promptly disbanded, and was later replaced by the League of Trinteria which stood as council wherein the newly formed kingdoms and republics of Trinteria could come together and discourse in relative safety. The Drake Throne itself became the seat of power for the ruler of the Ga of Loren which predominantly consisted of hereditary monarchs of the Aien Dynasty which had reigned over the Commonwealth prior to the collapse since the coronation of Feilim of Aein as Empress. Under the Aien Dynasty, the Aeterite Imperium which encompassed the majority of modern-day Aeter remained a relatively influential state in the future affairs of the disunited Mirhaimian Realm.
Second Anarchy and Unification of the Realm
For over a century, no central force was present to govern over the entirety of the Realm as various kingdoms, and republics were formed to govern themselves following the collapse of the Commonwealth. Oftentimes, these polities had their own political and territorial ambitions which led to major wars being fought throughout the period referred to by historians as the War of Trinterian Succession. Several factors, including a need for mutual defense led to the creation of the short-lived Trinterian Concordance, however, treaties were rarely honored as rivalries between noble houses derailed any chance of peaceful reunification. The Trinterian Concordance, with the rising threat of an imperial Aeterite invasion mounting soon found itself
The Clan of Kairas, a line of prestigious battlemasters and civil administrators under the Trinterian Commonwealth, was one of the most vocal supporters for the establishment of a more centralized authority however they lacked the political influence or army to significantly influence opinions within the Concordance's assembly. However, under their new Patriarch, Hera J. Kairas, a period of drastic changes ensued as the Army modernized from a predominantly peasant army into a professional force funded by trade from several relatively esteemed port cities gained through the successful conquest of the region, as well as gold, and silver mines in their native land.
was the largest political entity in Western Mirhaime, having united 5 cities, 56 duchies, and 3 tiarnas under their banner. With their new-found power, the Republic used this to their advantage by leveraging political favours, as well as further expanding their military force. The war, owing to the diplomatic efforts of Herad J. Arascain, the then-Lewydhoran of the Confederacy, the tide of the war slowly turned in their favour. However, with the exhaustion suffered by both sides from the war, negotiations were preferred by all parties, prompted by the change of throne into the hands of Empress Betraís of the Imperial Clan of Sonagh. The signing of the Treaty of Daemir on September 1, 1648 saw the defining of a Keffrysyans (Federation) encompassing the entirety of the Mirhaimian Realm including territories then not governed by either the Trinterian Confederacy or the Commonwealth in Aeter. With preparations underway for the merging of the governments into a final seat of power in Ymirodreath, the Federation of the Mirhaimain Realm was formally established on September 2, 1650 with the former Empress Betraís Keiara Sonagh presuming office as its first Lewydh.
Much to the general dismay of her neighbors, as well as some elements within the Nation itself, the Trinterian Realm was once again united under the banner of a capable regime based off of Loren. Thus, for the next decade, the Federation was engulfed in constant warfare with its neighbors as it sought to solidify its position in the region, and with itself as insubordinate groups sought to thwart the Saenad's newly established grip on the Realm under the rule of Siinkar and the Ansan Coalition. Despite a precarious start, the Federation was able to establish permanent peace in 1662 after defeating the now-defunct Venkire Republic. Having revived national pride and restored stability, the Saenad and subsequent Paragons continued where Siinkar left off, ushering in a period of political cultural and economic renaissance known as Tairas Soikan (translit: Resurging Peace) that lasted for well over two centuries.
Mirhaime's modern industrial prowess can be attributed to the fact was one of the foremost pioneers of the industrial revolution in Novaris during the late 18th, and early 19th century thanks to its relative stability, and favorable conditions both manpower and material wise. With an initial focus on the textile industries, this growth later spilled to other fields such as shipbuilding, arms manufacturing, steelmaking and mining. Thus, Mirhaimian bankers, shipbuilders and miners developed an immense advantage over other states in the region, allowing Mirhaime to arise as one of the foremost economic power throughout the 19th century. However, it slowly lost its competitive advantage as other nations such as Tretrid and Volscina caught up in industrialization.
With the rise of industries and heavy concentrated manufacturing in Mirhaime that saw urbanisation slowly rise throughout the course of the 18th and 19th century CE, the wealth inequality of the country rose. This was perpetrated by a rigid system which purposefully utilised loopholes in the unchanging Constitution to perpetuate said inequalities.
Many different political group form both sides of the spectrums found themselves at odds with the government, as such, caused wide social discontent and class tensions.
This culminated in the 1867 event widely known as the Ymirodraeic Revival where a series of initially peaceful protest was met with violence and was soon turned into a military-backed revolution that effectively toppled the ruling government. Despite this, however, the institution remained and, through leadership guided by the Council for Reconciliation and Reconstruction the efforts of which were chiefs by the then-lewydh Arlaen Mirostadh, severely reformed on the basis of granting greater rights to the workers and greater liberties to many previously overlooked or disregarded groups within society at the time.
The Jidak Constitutional Crisis (Fefsen: lit. 'Jidak Square Chaos of the Constitutional Violation') was a political standoff and constitutional crisis that took place in Mirhaime on 17 February [F.K 28 Taal] 1744, and was resolved by forces loyal to the Saedikar and Saenad via military force.
The paragonship of Kual Tokom nar Loren since his election into office in 1740 was fraught with controversies and was the subject of discontent from the populace and elements within the Mirhaimian Realm Defence. Numerous attempts were made in the first year to suppress the power of the Saedikar and Saenad so it may be concentrated into the hands of the Paragon. The power struggle reached its crisis on 11 January of 1744, when Paragon Kual intended to dissolve the country's Saekari (Congress) in response to calls for impeachment within both chambers, although the constitution did not give the paragon the power to do so. Kual justified his orders by the results of the referendum of November of 1812, although many in Mirhaime both then and now universally believe that referendum was not won fairly. In response, the Saedikar and Saenad declared the paragon's decision null and void, impeached Kual and his premier, and proclaimed Meiri Jyrak nar Tenkir'ga and Tadgh Jasan nar Loren to replace them as Paragon and Premier respectively. On January 1744, demonstrators removed militia cordons around the Saenad and, urged by their leaders, took over the Mayor's offices and tried to storm the garrison of the Ymirodraeth Citadel Defence Guards.
The Army, under order of the Saedikar and Saenad stood to defend the Saenad buildings from repeated pro-Paragon forces. They were later reinforced by the Heralds of Aran and Children of Siinkar Infantry Division who marched their 122th, 133th, 233th and 234th Regiments of Foot from their garrison to defend the capital. At the climax of the event, the newly proclaimed Paragon Meiri Jyrak ordered three artillery pieces to open fire with grapeshot ammunition to devastating effect. To avoid the slaughter, the rebels broke and ran. Some attempted to regroup on the frozen surface of the river Don'drah to the north. However, they were targeted by the artillery and suffered many casualties. As the ice was broken by the cannon fire, many sank. The revolt in the north came to an end. Some 1,242 were arrested the following weeks by the authorities, their leaders had any noble titles stripped, and executed for high treason whilst the common soldiers were sentenced to hard labour on Sentinel Island. Mirhaime was thought by some to be "on the brink" of civil war. The ten-day struggle became the deadliest day in Loren's history since its liberation in 1650.
According to the General Prosecutor's Office, 234 people were killed and 586 wounded.
The Troubles, and the Coup of Draal
The Troubles referred to a series of major economic recessions and political infightings in Mirhaime during the 1950s and 1960s. Beginning with the rapid declination of the Loren Stock Exchange, in which stock prices collapsed completely and 6,410,030 shares were traded in a single day. Billions of Inters were lost, wiping out thousands of investors, and stock tickers ran hours behind because the machinery could not handle the tremendous volume of trading. After October 29, 1959, stock prices had nowhere to go but up, so there was considerable recovery during succeeding weeks. By and large, costs kept on dropping as the Mirhaime Federation drooped into an exceptional financial downturn, and by Q1 of 1962 stocks were worth somewhere around 20% of their worth in Q2 of 1959. However financial exchange crash of 1959 was not the sole reason for the Great Depression, it acted to speed up the monetary breakdown. By 1963, almost 50% of Mirhaime's banks had fizzled, and unemployment was moving toward 14 million individuals, or 30% of the labor force.
Though measures could have been taken to help the economy weather the storm, inept leadership and incompetence in a number of crucial areas did little to help. The paragons who were chosen to deal with the crisis failed terribly, and the Saenad dove itself into tumult. Aids were requested from foreign states, many of whom agreed to assist. Though these aids gave Mirhaime's citizens much needed relief, they did not help to alleviate the Federation's ongoing political split. The appearances of aids and personnel from Tretrid, a traditional geopolitical rival of Mirhaime galvanized conservatives within the Saekari and Realm Defence Forces. This culminated in the event known as the Coup of Draal in late 1963, in which several units of the Realm Guards formed a new Revolutionary Council of the Guards, headed by Brigadier General and Battlemaster of the Guards Clodagh Lean nar Jisak'sa. However, they were intercepted by loyalist forces against whom they engaged in armed skirmishes in the Ka of Pankow.
The coup begun around 8:42 PM (local time) when communication with Fort Kivarr was lost as members of the newly-formed Council seized control of the Fort from loyalist elements without opposition. Initially thought to be a simple malfunctioning of communication equipment, a small group of technicians comprising of Specialists Jatan Zasagh, Niahm Ryka, and Kinrah Aemir were dispatched to Fort Kivarr from Fort Zuvan in Pankow to assist. However, as they were approaching the Fort at around 9:12 PM, the specialists were forcefully apprehended, and detained by members of the RCG. While in custody, the three specialists learned of the plot of the coup d'etat and set about to overwhelm their captors, and forewarn loyalist forces. At around 10:30 PM, the three specialists managed to remove their cuffs, and escape from their cells after managing to overwhelm a guardswoman whom they violently attacked, and tied up. Thereafter, the three specialists managed to free several more loyalist members of the Fort who were detained. With the plan set in motion, a daring push towards the communication facility of the base were conducted were made. There, the specialists managed to send a wireless signal to Fort Zuvan who then proceeded it towards the Tale Citadel. Afterwards, the specialists and guardsmen freed from captivity fortified themselves within the base's main nuclear shelter facility wherefrom they continued to harass rebel forces till relief came a day after. The specialists, and loyalist guardsmen were awarded with Gallantry Crosses with Palm for having played an instrumental role in the suppression of the coup attempt.
Having lost the element of surprise, the RCG pushed Regiment E33 'Zarul' towards the westerm outskirts of Pankow by 12:22 AM wherein they attempted to disable Fort Zuvan but was met with great resistance from the Fort's garrison, the Regiment of Foot E38 'Dragoons'. The Guardsmen of Company ZB-2, Battalion D8 who stood between the rebels and Fort Zuvan were estimated to be around 60, but they managed to repel the initial thrust and kill seven rebels who attempted to scale the walls and run across the grass. As the rebels trucked in reinforcements to attempt to cordon off the northern perimeter of the Fort, the remainder of Company ZB-2 were mustered and managed to break the hastility-fortified rebel positions by 1:30 AM. Though rebel mortar positions continued to fire at the Fort, they were disabled by local self-defense forces who overwhelmed, and apprehended them. Remaining positions hastily removed themselves from the sector, and rejoined the main column of attack.
Having lost all elements crucial to the success of their plot, the RCG and Regiment E33 made a final push towards Downtown Pankow where they attempted to seize key positions that could potentially allow them direct access to Loren via Highway A-55. By 2:30 AM of the same day, however, Battalion D3 of Regiment E38 mustered its entire force to defend key chokepoints from coup attacks in coordination with Battalion D5, and D8 as well as detachments of local self-defense forces. They were verbally encouraged by citizens who managed to catch wind of the coup attempt as banners were waved in support of loyalist forces.
Heading down the main thoroughfare, the rebels attempted to pacify the local population but were met with relative opposition from pro-loyalist citizens. One argument on Catrin Zarak Street escalated into a full firefight between armed citizens, and rebel forces wherein molotov cocktails were thrown at rebel armored vehicles from within buildings. Armed citizens, the vast majority of whom are veterans with formal military training, continued to offer resistance from within their homes, and office buildings. The City's General Prosecutor's Office estimated that the rebels suffered between 50 to 100 casualties as a direct result of these violent confrontations, and attacks.
At around 2:30 AM, both sides engaged in direct combat with the heaviest fighting concentrated around the road junction connecting Unity Avenue and Vukar Street in District 2; Fifth Street Promenade in District 3: and the Pankow Town Hall in District 1. Following a speech by the the City's mayor, Madame Bethan Zaragh nar Pankow, which gave the citizenry much insight into the gravity of the situation, resistance reputedly intensified in grounds held by rebel forces as ambushes by armed citizens severely hampered the rebel's logistical efforts on top of severely weakening their morale.
By 7:30 AM, loyalist reinforcements were pouring in by the thousands from the direction of Highway A-55. With mounting losses, and no hope for victory, the leadership of Battalion D59 of the rebel Regiment E33 established bilateral communication with loyalist forces expressing their wish to switch side while providing crucial information in exchange. By 8:30 AM, the entirety of Battalion D59 began attacking rebel forces in coordination with a loyalist counterattack. Having suffered heavy casualties, many rebel units surrendered en masse. By 12:30 AM, the majority of rebel forces having voluntarily disarmed themselves with one final company retreating to defensive positions around their barracks, which was an ad hoc camp that had been set up in Katan Public Park in District 1, approximately 3 kilometres away from the town hall.
Having surrounded the park by 1:30 PM, loyalist forces, accompanied by the city's mayor attempted to negotiate with the rebels who reluctantly surrendered. Colonel Clodagh Lean nar Jisak'ha was also captured alive.
After a brief but violent battle that killed around 400 people, the coup attempt was crushed. This included many armed civilians who offered fierce resistance to rebel forces. Fort Kivarr was recaptured by loyalist forces at around 3:00 PM, the holdout there being relieved.
For their distinguished service, and unwavering dedication to their oaths of duty, over 9,000 individuals received Meritorious Service Medals. Those that fell were provided with compensation, and awarded with the esteemed titles of Knights. Future ascendancies upheld the promise of support by continuing to provide for over 253 families whose members were Killed in Action during the coup.
All 1,483 members of the RCG were interrogated, but ultimately only 124 were prosecuted: 73 NCOs, nineteen officers, nineteen soldiers and ten civilians. Of these, all of the officers, 43 NCOs, three soldiers and all of the civilians were found guilty. The trials related to the coup took nearly eighteen months to complete.
Fifteen of the officers, including Clodagh Lean were executed by firing squad on 15 July, 1964 at a military prison on Sentinel Island. The execution of two of her righthands, Major Ceri Ziris, and Aidan Kodagh was delayed so that they could testify at the trials of other officers. Ceri, Aidan, the remainder of the rebels found guilty were executed by firing squad at the same location on 14 August 1964
Despite having resulted in a disastrous failure, the Coup of Draal had long-lasting and widely-felt political results. It had the effect of severely diminishing the prestige, and popularity of conservative factions within the Ansan Coalition, and allowed liberal, pro-reformist movements to grow in power and influence. As a direct result of the coup, support for the Carwal Ascendancy both in the Saekari and the population were destroyed overnight. Many key members within Lewydh Carwal's cabinet were arrested in an investigation launched by the General Directorate for Internal Security (GDIS) on charges of colluding with treasonous elements. Though all were eventually found not guilty, and released from custody following the conclusion of the investigation, public approval for the Ascedancy was at an all-time low.Faced with the inevitability of impeachment and removal from office by an imminent vote in the Saekari, and with public opinion having turned decisively against her ascendancy, Carwal made the decision to resign. In a nationally televised address from the Eryas Palace on the evening of March 23, 1964, the Lewydh said, in part:
In all the decisions I have made in my public life, I have always strived to put the interests of the Commonwealth, and the People above all else. Throughout the long, and difficult period that was the Incident which occurred in the month of Kervath of last year, I have felt it was my duty to persevere, to make every possible effort to complete the term of office to which you elected me. In the past few days, however, it has become evident to me that I no longer have a trust of the people, and the confidence of the Saekari to justify continuing said effort. As long as there were such great trust, and confidence, I felt strongly that it was necessary to see through resolves in an orderly manner that would align with our constitution, that to do otherwise would be unfaithful to the spirit of that deliberately difficult, but fair and just process and a dangerously destabilizing precedent for the future.The speech received relatively mixed reception by public commentators many of whom refused to vocally provide their opinions on the matter. Most notably, Carwal did not devote any portion of the speech to recite the accomplishments of her ascendancy; a decision reputedly caused by humiliation, and shame. Early the following morning, Carwal and her family said farewell to the staff of the Eryas Palace in the Main Hall before being escorted by a motorcade to their personal residence in District Elwyn, Loren SAR.
I would have preferred to carry through to the end in the spirit of solidarity with those who still stand firm with my Ascendancy, regardless of whatever the personal agony it would have involved as my family had unanimously urged me to do so. But the interest of the Nation must always come before any personal considerations. From the discussions I have had with members from both branches of the Saekari, I have come to the conclusion that the political support, and confidence necessary to tackle a task of such immense difficulty were no longer with me.
Though I have never been one to falter in the face of overwhelming odds, to leave office as Lewydh of the Federation in such abrupt manners torment me immensely. But it is my duty as such to put the interests of the Mirhaimian Realm, and her people above all. Mirhaime requires a full-time leader, and a full-time Saekari, particularly at this time with the predicaments we are facing both at home, and abroad. Therefore, I shall resign as Lewydh of the Federation effective at morning tomorrow.
I am leaving my post with apprehension, but also with hope, and faith in you, your wisdom and force of spirit. We are the heirs of a great civilization, and its rebirth into a new modern and dignified life now depends on one and all. I wish to thank with all my heart all those who have stood together with me all these years for the fair and good cause. Though some mistakes could have surely been avoided, many things could have been done better but I am convinced that this democratic institution for which we have shed our blood to defend, and construct will persevere even through the darkest of days. I wish all the best to all of you.For Gods, For Realm, and For Dominion.
Two weeks later, Carwal's family reported to the local police department of her sudden disappearance. She was soon found deceased by police; she had hung herself using a rope slung over the branch of a tree in the nearby Kadral Forest, her personal belongings, and last words neatly packed using her beige-coloured trench coat. In the 6-page long suicide note which was declassified in 2009 by the Department of Justice, she expressed her love for her family - reciting the memories they had made together - as well as devoting a portion to express her "immeasurable shame and humiliation" of the failures of her ascendancy to prevent the Coup of Draal from occurring. In said portion, she dedicated several paragraphs to her personal opinions on the political climate of the Saekari, she indirectly stated her personal support for and his vocal attempts to stabilize the ascendancy through constitutionally democratic means.
Reformation under Breandán M. Kairas
With the resignation, and death of the former Lewydh, the Carwal Ascendancy was slowly dismantled as Premier Broin assumed the position of Lewydh till the Saekari could organize a nationwide vote to elect a new individual to assume the office. An emergency election was announced in April by the both chambers of the Saekar, and was set to conclude on September of the same year.
The political fallout of the coup tarnished the reputation of candidates previously affiliated with the Carwal Ascendancy, and allowed pro-reformation liberal groups headed by Breandán M. Kairas, the former Mayor of the city of Pankow, to skyrocket in popularity. Subsequently, on April 5, 1964, SIinkar announced his candidacy for the ascendancy nomination. Though some questioned Kairas' age and political experience, his charisma, eloquence and familial history as the direct descendant of Herad Kairas earned him numerous supporters even amongst conservative circles. Despite this, however, Siinkar faced several potential challengers, including Senate Majority Leader Anrah Niamh Zarsan, the former Governor of Yseult, Aran Ythar Garsan, and Senator Cadwyn Fanar. But regardless, Kairas remained a popular choice amongst citizens who were set to cast their votes in mid June.
In an attempt to challenge Kairas' upper-hand in public populairity, Saenad Majority Leader Anrah Zarsan invited him to a televised debate. Siinkar accepted. The series of debates between the two candidates became the first extensive use of what would thereafter become a staple medium of Mirhaimian political campaigns—television. Broadcast live on national television all throughout April, and May, the give debates ultimately provided Siinkar's campaign with a huge boost.
Estimates suggest 93% of all eligible voters watched the first debate. The Majority Leader Anrah Zarsan voters seen on their monochrome television screens seemed pale, anxious, and uneasy. She was fresh out of the hospital after being treated for an infected cut, so she donned a light-colored suit that faded into the gray background; combined with the bright studio lighting that left Zarsan perspiring, she provided a less-than-commanding presence. Kairas, in sharp contrast, appeared calm, tanned, and telegenic.
Following the conclusion of the vote on September 1, 1964, Siinkar won the popular vote in a landslide victory with 88.3% of the votes out of a record number of ballots cast. No oppositions both in the Saedikar, and the Saenad were given to Kairas' victory.On the cold morning of Federation Day, September 2, 1964, Breandán M. Kairas took the oath of office. After the tumultuous events of previous year, and the tense political situation in both chambers of the Saekari, Kairas realized the importance of ensuring that his inaugural address would reach out to both his supporters and opponents. In the days and weeks before it was to be delivered, he carefully studied famous speeches, such as the Declaration of Federalization, and copied their terse, vivid style. In the speech, he focused almost exclusively on domestic problems such as rapid inflation, unemployment. In addition, he claimed that his election signaled a fundamental generational shift in Mirhaime:
"We observe today not a victory of an individual, but a celebration of freedom and liberty—symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning—signifying renewal, as well as change . . . Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Mirhaimians—born in this century, tempered by the constant threats of war's desolation, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage—and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those rights to which this Nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.”And he recalled the Federation's origins:
“Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of the Mirhaimian people.”Siinkar surrounded himself with liberal academics and, in light of the support he had gained, moderate conservatives who believed in the benefits of strong executive government, rational planning, and social science. His cabinet, dubbed the "New Pioneers" filled the Eryas Palace, and the Saekari Complex. They were accompanied by a stream of young, wealthy professionals who came to dominate Ymirodraeth's administrative sectors, adding to the tone of an Eryas Palace seeking advice from the nation's finest and brightest.
Domestically, Kairas presided over the worst economy since the start of the century with growing inflation and an economic recession prior to his inauguration. And as such, early in his first term as Paragon, Siinkar began implementing new political and economic initiatives. His supply-side economics policies—colloquially referred to as "Doika" (Renovation)—advocated tax reduction, economic deregulation, and reduction in government spending. The four pillars of Kairas' economic policy were to reduce the growth of government spending, reduce the federal income tax and capital gains tax, reduce government regulation, and tighten the money supply in order to reduce inflation. He was also a major advocate for nationwide educational reforms which culminated in the Ovon Act which improved teachers' wages, and provide support to children with disabilitites, or those who live near or under the poverty line regardless of race, income, disability, ethnicity, or proficiency in Fefsen. The Act allowed for improved educational quality on public schools in districts with a majority non-Fefsen population, and allowed for enough flexibility for them to adapt within the boundaries of federally-established standards.
Over his first term from 1964 to 1969, the economy saw a reduction of inflation from 12.5% to 2.4% and an average real GDP annual growth of 4.6% (compared to the negative growth prior to 1963). Kairas enacted cuts in domestic discretionary spending, cut taxes, and pushed for a reorganization program of the Realm Defence Forces which improved bureaucratic efficiency, and eliminated the need for an increase in budget even through the additional deployment of Mirhaimian forces in Sarvimaa throughout the 1960s. The national debt was also lowered by 38% from 1964 to 1969,
Thus, by the end of his first term, the economic recession which had griped Mirhaime for over a decade was practically no more as the Mirhaimian economy begun to see growth for the first time since 1958. This revival of the economy, lowering of inflation, and reduction of taxes ultimately won him yet another landslide victory in his re-election campaigns of 1969, and 1974. According to a poll conducted by the group Zaral, approval ratings for Siinkar throughout all four of his terms averaged around an astounding 93%.
Internationally, Kairas represented the Federation in the signing of the Valkoniemi Accord in 1967 which strengthened military cooperation between the two countries, and the intensification of Mirhaimian military presence in Sarvimaa, an act commonly recognized to be in opposition to Tretrid's growing naval presence in the Atlantian Sea. This was later reinforced by the Antien Act which established a free trade zone between the two countries, and allowed for greater ease of business by ways of the elimination of tariffs on key exports, and imports whilst simplifying travel, and the bureaucratic process involved by removing the Visa requirements. Economic, and military cooperation with the Volscine Confederacy was also increased and upheld throughout his tenure as Leywdhs with numerous trade, and military cooperation agreements. Chief amongst these are the
Simutaneously, however, he spearheaded efforts to normalize relations with the Kingdom of Tretrid, and allowed the resumption - and later the intensification - of trade between the two states. Despite this near cessation of hostility, however, military spending increased by an average of 9.3% per year from 1969 to 1979.
Kairas also championed and signed the bill that authorized the wide expansion of the "Undod" (Unity) Highway System which was first proposed and constructed during the Paragonship of Henwas Wren (1940-1950). He justified the expansion project in the Realm Highway and Transportation Act of 1972 as essential to Mirhaime's homeland defense strategy, and national security. It was believed that major population centers would be heavily targeted in the event of war with the construction of the highways allowing for massive evacuation operations to occur as well as facilitate the rapid deployment of manpower, and resources from one location in the country to another.
Kairas' goal was to create a comprehensive network of easy-to-access highways which would be beneficial for military operations and would also provide a measure of continued economic growth for the nation. And as such, the system could also be used as a runway for airplanes, which would be beneficial to defensive efforts which later became an integral part of Mirhaimian air defenses stratagem with aircrafts capable of STOL being developed and fielded in the 1980s.
During his tenure, railroad transportation was also prioritized with the construction of a high-speed railway network as stated in the Realm Highway and Transportation Act of 1972. Initially built to connect distant regions with Loren SAR with the goal of aiding economic growth, and development. Starting with the Loren-Blaithnad Express Line (515.4 km, 320.3 mi) in 1975, the network has expanded to currently consist of 2091.6 km (1,299.6 mi) of lines with maximum speeds of 230–320 km/h (145–200 mph). Metropolitan areas such as Loren, and Blaithnad also features 158.4 km (98.5 mi) of mini-sioul lines.
Intervention in the Domin War
With the political upheavals and subsequent outbreak of violence between ethnic-Yallo rebel forces under the unrecognized Socialist Republic of Bours, the oil-rich Phoenixian territory of Afragola quickly collapsed into a three-way civil war as several key cities fell to rebel hands whilst federal forces struggled to establish a cohesive defensive plan. In subsequent months, the average cost of petroleum worldwide suffered as extraction and refining operations in the region of Afragola was threatened by rebel attacks which were steadily increasing in frequency and scale as the separatist Socialist Republic of Bours sought to damage the Phoenixian war efforts. The Mirhaimian Tylach Oil and Petroleum Company (TOPEC), formed in 1904 by Duke of the Canton of Tahri and Knight of the Esteemed Order of our Liege Zakan of Stritau Jatan K. Eskrine was amongst those heavily affected with the intentional sabotages of Oilfields Miran, Kian and Myr. As one of the largest Mirhaimian-based petroleum corporation, attacks on facilities owned by TOPEC severely affected fuel costs in Mirhaime. By January of 1967, the price of oil had risen nearly 150%, from 3 Inters per barrel (MI19/m3) to nearly MI7 per barrel (MI50/m3). Bilateral talks between the two governments of Mirhaime and Phoenixia began shortly after as the Breandán M. Kairas Ascendancy attempted to halt the worrying rise in cost - culminating in the Oro Convention and the subsequent signing of the Orokian Agreement of 1967 on February 4, 1967.Initially unwilling to dedicate forces to the war in Afragola, the Saekari approved an emergency military aid package worth 168 million Inters to the Phoenixian Federal Armed Forces including armored vehicles and aerial assets with the hopes of successfully. However, as the month of November and December passed by with no sizable gains and mounting casualties, the situation became untenable as rising oil prices combined with a rise in violence against ethnic-Fefsen spurred pro-war sentiments amongst the population. Following weeks of debates in both chambers of the Saekari, on February 2nd 1968 the Saenad supported the military actions in a 73–27 vote. On that same night of February 2nd, in a televised speech from Empire Hill, Lewydh Breandán M. Kairas announced to the public the final decision of the Chancellery and the Saekari and the imminent deployment of Realm Defence Forces to Afragola:
This military action, taken in accord with International Forum resolutions and with the consent of the Saekari Mirhaimeneg, follows months of constant and virtually endless diplomatic activity on the part of Mirhaime and our partner Phoenixia as well as many other foreign observers and partners only to conclude that the Yallo rebels were unwilling to negotiate a ceasing of violence on equal grounds. Others traveled to Afragola in a variety of efforts to restore peace and justice......With orders to dispatch two naval battle groups to the Afragolan Channel, where they were ready by 8 April. Additional troop transport vessels for the Armada Marines were also sent to the region with preparations for the deployment of additional Realm Guards having been. A total of 48 Realm Air Force TKC-62B from the 21st Fighter Wing at Airbase Tyreneg, Tenkir, landed in the Phoenixian territory of Belporto and immediately commenced round-the-clock air patrols of the Afragolan Channel to discourage further advances by the sea whilst acquiring information on rebel defenses. They were joined by 36 TKC-62Bs from the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing originally based in Pankow, Loren SAR. Having joined strength with reinforcing elements, the contigent flew 2,000 combat missions and dropping four million pounds (1,800,000 kilograms; 1,800 metric tons) of munitions from April 12 to April 20. Military buildup continued from there, eventually reaching 223,000 troops, approximately 1/4 of the combined active personnel of the Realm Defence Forces. Much of the material was airlifted or carried to the staging areas via fast sealift ships, allowing a quick buildup. Public opinion overwhelmingly supported the deployment.
......With us having exhausted all reasonable efforts to reach a peaceful resolution, we have no choice but to defeat this threat by force so that law and order may be restored in Afragola. We will not fail
As I report to you, preparations are underway for the immediate deployment of selected military units in all service branches of the Realm Defence Forces to Afragola are underway. We are determined to defeat this threat for the sake of restoring justice and order to this territory where many of our kin reside and are being targeted in indiscriminate attacks by rebel forces - attacks which are still being carried out as I am reading this speech and they will continue unless we take action.
Our objectives are clear: the rebellion in Afragola will be halted. The legitimate government of the territory will be restored to its rightful place, and Afragola will once again be free. When peace is restored, it is our hope that those whose who met in battle will live as a peaceful and cooperative members of this new society, thus enhancing the security and stability of the region.Some may ask: Why act now? Why not wait? The answer is clear: The world could wait no longer. Sanctions, embargoes and tireless military operations on the side of our Phoenixian partners, though having some effect, showed no signs of accomplishing their objective. Actions were tried for well over 5 months, and we and our allies concluded that what we were doing alone would not be sufficient.
Tenkir Namhaid Crisis
The latter half of 1985 saw one of the most violent period on Tenkirian history settling in with the outbreak of the First Namhaid War following the brutal assassination of the Patriarch of the Kermac Syndicate at a restaurant in a neighborhood contested by the Kermac and Beddoe families. In the aftermath, the Kermac Sisters (Carys Edarr Kermac and Ceri Awrae Kermac) took control of the Syndicate through the line of succession and declared a state of war against the Beddoe Syndicate who they believed to have been involved in orchestrating the assassination. Shortly after the declaration of war was given, the Commission of the Four Syndicates, a committee established to oversee all activities of the city's four largest syndicates failed at its mission of mediating conflict between the Beddoe and Kermac. The first open 'firefight' between the two Syndicates occured in Zimrah Restaurant (43 Rhafan Street) on the gray morning of March 4, 1985. According to eye-witnesses, a grey Jugen van rushed down the street at high speed and halted in the front of the restaurant whereafter six individuals armed with automatic weapons disembarked and began firing indiscriminately at the patrons of establishment from the outside before being chased away by returning fire from within. In the aftermath of 48 seconds long shooting, eight were killed and twelve more were wounded. Though police later called it an act of domestic terrorism and promised swift and merciless deliverance of justice upon the perpetrators, their warnings did not seem to sway the Kermac Sisters of the Kermac Syndicate whose members were the target of the deliberate attack.
A retaliatory strike was called soon after. The target of this attack was to be the Consili Pub, a popular gathering place for Beddoe Syndicate members. However, as the attack underwent, the attackers soon found out that their targets were not unprepared as the quick raid turned into a brutal firefight that spilled over to the street as horrified pedestrians either flee or joined into the fighting out of self defence. Police were swiftly mobilised to answer the threat, however poorly armed and equipped with small arms and riot gears.
As the situation devolved into a three-sided firefight with no end in sight, Mayor Ywern of the City caved in and called for the intervention of the Self Defence Battalion D36 who swiftly mobilised some 140 soldiers and 12 armored vehicles to resolve the situation. Upon the sight of the armored vehicles, many syndicate members dropped their weapons and surrendered. Those who attempted to flee were gunned down. In the aftermath of the brutal firefight which lasted for a painful 53 minutes, 38 people were killed and 63 more wounded (including 8 police officers).
The 21st century saw the Federation becoming increasingly active in regional political affairs as it engaged in further cooperation with traditional partners such as Taiyo and Sarvimaa. Under Lewydh Alor Marlais Myron, who was elected into office by a majority vote in the Saenad in 2000, the Federation underwent a period of economic modernization with a stimulus plan of over 78 billion Inters. Among the major Mirhaimian political projects of the early 21st century are the the energy transition for a sustainable energy supply, the "Debt Brake" for balanced budgets, measures to increase the fertility rate (pronatalism), and high-tech strategies for the transition of the Mirhaimian economy, generally summarised as "Industry 4.0".
In April, 2022, Mirhaime, along Volscina, Sarvimaa, and Antora formed the Inter-Novaran Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance in response to increased concerns about global and regional security, particularly in the face of the 2022 Rodenia-Axdel Crisis
Geography, climate and environment
The landscape of Mirhaime consists mostly of fertile plains and plateaus, crossed by rivers such as the Don'drah, Zisak'drah, Taksin'drah and the Corev'drah as they flow south into the Atlantian Sea. To the East, the delta of the Corev'drah forms the border with Tedeschi. Mirhaime's various regions have diverse geographic features ranging from the highlands to the lowlands. The country's only mountains are the Jaksin'tagh in the Northeast, of which the highest is Mailow at 2,356 metres (7,729ft). Mirhaime has 38 provinces/states or Ga, based on culture, geography and history. These provinces play an important role in the people's self-identity, and help define modern administrative and political borders.
Mirhaime also has a number of highland regions such as the Yentak Upland (in the North, predominantly in the Ga of Yentak). To the east there are the south-western spurs of the Jaksin Upland over which runs the border with Tedeschi. The snow melt from the mountains feeds the rivers and their waterfalls. Along the coast, the country also has numerous islands; Jika'kaw (Terminal Island) is the largest.
Significant natural resources in Mirhaime include lithium, oil, natural gas, timber, kaolinite and an abundance of arable land.
Mirhaime has a mostly temperate climate. The climate is influenced by moderately warm, humid air from the Atlantian Ocean. Average annual temperatures range from 5.5–7 °C (41.9–44.6 °F) in the north, to 11–13 °C (51.8–55.4 °F) in the south. Precipitation is highest in the west, central and north and lowest in the north and northeast. Central Mirhaime receives around 120 centimetres (47.2 in) of precipitation annually, while Terminal Island and the coastal areas of the Atlantian Sea receive around 40 centimetres (15.7 in).
Water availability from the major river basins is expected to decrease, especially in summer. This poses risks to the agricultural sector. The negative impacts of climate change on agriculture are mostly felt in the south of the country, which has a steppe climate. In the north, some crops may be able to benefit from a longer growing season.
As the country is located within the Novaran realm, Mirhaime is considered to possess a relatively high level of biodiversity. This was noted in the country's National Environmental Condition Report in 2005. A large network of national parks has been established to protect important areas of flora and fauna. In total, Mirhaime possesses 147 national parks.
In the period of rapid industrialization in the 18th, and 19th century, environmental policies were downplayed by the federal government (tho; as a result, environmental pollution was widespread throughout the 19th century, resulting in rapid deforestation, and pollution. In response to this. Responding to rising concern, the government introduced environmental protection laws in 1905; these were repeated in 1946 but were temporarily repealed in 1966 and were gradually reintroduced from 2005 onwards. Mirhaime ranks 38th in the 2018 Environmental Performance Index, which measures a nation's commitment to environmental sustainability. In 2021, the government of Mirhaime announced a target of carbon-neutrality by 2050. Environmental issues include urban air pollution (NOx, suspended particulate matter, and toxics), waste management, water eutrophication, nature conservation, climate change, chemical management and international co-operation for conservation.
Government and Politics
The country is a constitutional republic in which "the ruling majority is restrained by the minority's rights protected by law.". Essentially, the Mirhaime Federation is structured similar to a parliamentary democracy. The Paragon, the Saekari (Congress), and Court jointly hold and share the powers of the federal government (separation of powers) according to the Constitution. Meanwhile, the federal government shares power with the governments of each Ga (constituent state). Federalism in Mirhaime encourages states to unite with each other and support decisions and laws enacted by the central government, but there is still a centrifugal tendency as states try to protect their own interests, and rights. On one hand, the states must obey the decisions of the central government, on the other hand, they may want to protect the autonomy guaranteed by the Constitution. This has proven to be increasingly difficult as many states are becoming financially dependent on the central government.
Ever since Hera Siinkar, the government has always been managed by a system of checks and balances defined by the Constitution. The Mirhaimian Constitution is the nation's supreme legal document and serves as a social contract for the Mirhaimian people. The framers of the Constitution defined itself as "the supreme law of the country". Courts have held that this particular sentence means that when there are laws made by the states (including state-by-state constitutions) or by the Saenad that conflict with the federal constitution, those laws are to be considered unconstitutional and have no effect. Saektar Anavezet decisions over the past four centuries have reinforced this view. The Constitution puts people's rights first. Government powers are delegated by the people. As a result, the constitution places many restrictions on the powers of these officials. Delegates may continue to serve only if they are re-elected in periodic elections. Appointing officers serve only with the permission of the appointee. One exception to this are Saektar Anavezet justices, appointed for life by the paragon, in order to avoid political influence. The Constitution also allows the people to change it through amendments.
In the Mirhaimian federal system, Mirhaimian citizens have three levels of government, namely federal, state, and local. The duties of local government are usually divided between county governments and municipal governments. In most cases, elected executive and legislative officers elect a single candidate in each constituency. There are no proportional delegates at the federal level, and very rarely at the lower ranks. Federal and state court and cabinet officials are typically nominated by the executive branch and must be approved by the legislature. Voting age is 18 and voter registration is a personal responsibility; There is no mandatory law to participate in the election.
The federal government consists of three branches of power:
- Legislative: The Mirhaimian Saekari (Congress) is the legislative branch of the federal government. The bicameral Saekari consists of the Saenad (also known as the Senate) and the Saedikar (also known as the Realm Assembly) responsible for making federal laws, declaring war, ratifying treaties, and deciding on the budget.. The Saedikar also has the seldom-used power to remove an incumbent Lewydh and their council from office. The Realm Assembly currently has 385 members, the number of members in each state depends on the population of that state. Each state has at least one representative. Each member of the Realm Assembly has a term of 4 years. A person who wishes to become a member of the Saedikar must be at least 25 years old, and a Mirhaimian citizen for at least 10 years, must have completed his/her mandatory military service and must be a resident of the state he or she represents. There is no term limit for each member of the Realm Assembly. The Saenad (Senate) has a total of 76 senators, each constituent state (Ga) has 2 senators. Each senator serves an 8-year term. Every two years, one-third of the seats in the Senate are re-elected. A person who wishes to be elected as a senator must be at least 30 years old, must be a Mirhaimian citizen for at least 15 years, must have completed his/her mandatory military service and must be a resident of the state he or she represents at the time of the election. Each chamber has separate powers. The Saenad is tasked with advising and approving paragonship appointments, while the Realm Assembly is responsible for submitting bills from members of the Saedikar and raising the national income. However, it takes the consent of both houses to pass bills that become laws. The Constitution also provides for various powers to the Saedikar: the power to levy and collect taxes to pay off debts, to provide the means of defense and for the general welfare of the Mirhaime Federation; borrow money; establish regulations for commerce with other countries and between states; establish uniform regulations on naturalization; issue money and set par value; punish forms of fraud; established the post office and public roads, promoted scientific progress, established the courts of the Saektar Anavezet , defined and punished piracy and other felonies, declared war, organized and supported support the army, supply and maintain the navy, legislate the territory and navy, supply the militia, arm and maintain the discipline of the militias, enforce the special law system separate in Loren Special Adminstrative Region, and enact the laws necessary to exercise the powers of the Saedikar.
- Executive: The Lewydh runs the executive branch of the federal government. The Lewydh is the head of state under the Marghal Throne, the head of government and the commander-in-chief of the military, as well as the chief diplomat. The Lewydh also has the power to veto legislative acts before they become law, and appoints the Cabinet and other officials to help administer and enforce federal policy and law. The Lewydh, under the Constitution, is also responsible for ensuring the observance of the law. The Lewydh has the power to veto laws passed by the Saekari. The Lewydh can be impeached by a majority of the Realm Assembly and removed from office by a two-thirds majority in the Saenad on charges of "treason", bribery or other felonies and acts of misconduct. The Lewydh cannot dissolve the Saekari or call special elections, but has the power to pardon those accused under federal law, issue executive orders, and appoint (with Saenad approval) Saektar Anavezet justices and federal judges. Although the Lewydh has the power to introduce bills (such as the federal budget), often the Lewydh must rely on the support of members of the Saekari to campaign for bills. Once bills are passed in both houses of the Saekari, the signature of the Lewydh is required to become law, which is when the Lewydh can use his or her veto, though infrequently, to overturn them. The Saekari may overturn Lewydh decisions by a 2/3 vote. The Premier of the Mirhaime Federation is the second-ranked executive officer in the government. As the number one person in the order of Lewydhship succession, the Premier shall assume the office of Lewydh in the event of the Lewydh's death, resignation or removal from office. The ministers of 15 different ministries, selected by the Lewydh and approved by the Senate, constitute an advisory council to the Lewydht called the "State Council". Council members are responsible for running various government ministries, bureaus, and departments such as the Department of War, the Department of Justice and the Department of Foreign Affairs. In addition, there are a number of organizations classified as Executive Offices of the Lewydh including the staff of the Eryas Palace, the Office of the Trade Representative, the Office of National Drug Control, the Department of Scientific and Technological Policies and more..... There are other independent agencies such as the General Department of National Intelligence, the National Space Administration (MNSA), the Food and Drug Administration, or the Environmental Protection Agency.
- Judiciary: Consists of the Saektar Anavezet (Supreme Court) and lower federal courts in which judges are appointed by the Lewydh with the approval of the Saenad. The branch's mandate is to interpret the law and possibly overturn laws it deems unconstitutional. The head of the judicial branch is the Saektar Anavezet, composed of nine judges. The Saektar Anavezet hears cases involving the federal government and interstate litigation, has the power to interpret the Constitution, and declares legislative and executive actions at all levels of government to be in infringement of the Constitution, as well as having the power to nullify laws, setting a precedent for later legislation and rulings. Below the Saektar Anavezet are the Saektar Gavize (Courts of Appeals), and below that are the district courts, which are the courts that conduct the most trials under federal law. The federal district court is where cases go to trial and judgment. The Court of Appeal is the place where appeals are heard in the district courts. The Saektar Anavezet reviews appeals from the courts of appeals and from the states’ Saektar Anavezet’s (regarding constitutional issues), as well as organizes hearings in a number of other cases.
Political concerns in Mirhaime include the growing gap between rich and poor and government corruption. Nonetheless, the level of public support for the government and its management of the nation is high, with 85–95% of Mirhaimian citizens expressing satisfaction with the central government, according to a 2011 survey.
Direct democracy and federalism are hallmarks of the Mirhaimian political system. Mirhaimian citizens are subject to three legal jurisdictions: the municipality (Ha), state (Ga) and federal (Sa) levels. The 1650 Constitution define a system of direct democracy (sometimes called half-direct or representative direct democracy because it is aided by the more commonplace institutions of a representative democracy). The instruments of this system at the federal level, known as popular rights ( include the right to submit a federal initiative and a referendum, both of which may overturn Saedikar decisions. These rights are guaranteed in the Realm Charter of Rights and Freedom - which no government is allowed to abolish.
By calling a federal referendum, a group of citizens may challenge a law passed by the Saedikar if they gather 5,000,000 (previously 3,000,000) signatures against the law within 100 days. If so, a national vote is scheduled where voters decide by a simple majority whether to accept or reject the law. Any state (Ga) can also call a constitutional referendum on federal law.
Similarly, the federal constitutional initiative allows citizens to put a constitutional amendment to a national vote, if 1,000,000 voters sign the proposed amendment within 18 months. The Federal Council and the Federal Assembly can supplement the proposed amendment with a counter-proposal. Then, voters must indicate a preference on the ballot if both proposals are accepted. Constitutional amendments, whether introduced by initiative or in parliament, must be accepted by a double majority of the national popular vote and the popular state votes.
The Mirhaime Federation consists of 42 federal subjects, each overseen by an elected governor and legislature. The federal subjects have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Saedikar (Realm Assembly).
Mirhaime's current foreign policy is to consistently implement a policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, co-operation, and development, as well openness, diversification, multilateralisation with international relations. The country declares itself a friend and partner of all countries in the international community, regardless of their political affiliation, by actively taking part in international and regional cooperative development projects. Mirhaime has close economic and military relations with Volscina, with which it maintains a security alliance. In April, 2022, Mirhaime, along Volscina, Sarvimaa, and Antora formed the Inter-Novaran Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance in response to increased concerns about global and regional security, particularly in the face of the 2022 Rodenia-Axdel Crisis.
Domestic law enforcement
The Constitution of the Mirhaimian Realm is the supreme law of the country, and consists of written text and unwritten conventions. The Constitution Act of 1865, affirmed governance based on parliamentary precedent and divided powers between the federal and provincial governments. The Realm Charter of Rights and Freedom drafted in the same year as the Constitution guarantees basic rights and freedoms that usually cannot be over-ridden by any government—though a notwithstanding clause allows the Saekari and the state legislatures to override certain sections of the Charter for a period of five years.
Domestic security in Mirhaime is provided mainly by the Realm Public Security Forces managed which performs the function of state management of security, order and social safety; counterintelligence; crime prevention investigation; fire prevention and rescue; execution of criminal judgments, judgment enforcement not subject to imprisonment, custody or temporary detention; legal protection and support; State management of public services in sectors and fields under the Department's state management. Law Enforcement in Mirhaime is mainly a responsibility of the each individual Ha, who each operate local police agencies. Some cities also operate municipal police agencies as provided for by local law.
The federal government provides specialized services and is responsible for the protection of the Mirhaimian border. Throughout Mirhaime, the police may be reached by the emergency telephone number 3-6-3. The Special Assault Security Forces comprises national-level counter-terrorism tactical units that cooperate with territorial-level Anti-Firearms Squads and Counter-NBC Terrorism Squads. The Lethal Weapons Possession Control Law regulates the civilian ownership of guns, swords and other weaponry.
The requirements to be an officer in Mirhaime vary by Ha, whose responsibility it is to institute the police service, some of the requirements include a complete high school education or 3 year vocational education, aged approximately 20–30 years of age, absence of a criminal record, completion of military service, a minimum height requirement, a Category B driver's licence, computer and keyboard literacy, foreign language skills, proper health and ocular health status, and Mirhaimian citizenship.
Mirhaime has 369 detention facilities with a total capacity of up to 2 million detainees, all operated by individual governorate. The smallest prison is the Haifan Correctional Facility with a capacity of two detainees.
With gun ownership explicitly stated in the 1650 Constitution Mirhaimian gun culture is considered to be unique amongst Novaran countries. Firearms are widely used in Mirhaime for self-defense, hunting, and recreational uses, such as target shooting.
Firearms regulation in Mirhaime allows the acquisition of semi-automatic, and – with a may-issue permit – fully automatic firearms, by Mirhaimian citizens who had served at least 24 months in any federal uniformed services. The possession of firearms by civilians who had not completed their mandatory military service or foreigners is strictly prohibited and could face up to 15 years in federal prison with deadly assaults with firearms typically resulting in death sentences.
The laws pertaining to the acquisition of firearms in Mirhaime are amongst the most liberal in Novaris. Mirhaimian gun laws are primarily about the acquisition of arms and not ownership. As such a license is not required to own a gun by itself, but a shall-issue permit is required to purchase most types of firearms. Bolt-action rifles do not require an acquisition permit and can be acquired with just a background check. A reason is not required to be issued an acquisition permit for semi-automatics unless the reason is other than sport-shooting, hunting, or collecting. Permits for concealed carrying in public are issued sparingly. The acquisition of fully automatic weapons, suppressors, and target lasers requires special permits issued by the cantonal firearms office. Over-the-counter sale of hollow-point and soft-point ammunition is limited to hunting.
According to a survey by Oryx Mirhaime, there are approximately 62.8 guns per 100 people in Mirhaime.
The Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces (MRDF), commanded by the Central Military Commission (CMC), consist of the Mirhaime Realm Guards (MRG), the Mirhaime Realm Armada (MRA), the Mirhaime Realm Air Force (MRAF), and the Strategic Support Force (MRSSF). The MRDF has an active manpower of around 650,000, but its total strength, including paramilitary forces, may be as high as 8,000,000. Its commander in chief is constitutionally the Chairman of the Central Military Commission, a title granted to the elected Paragon of the Federation for the duration of their tenure. Members of the Realm Defence Forces swear an oath of allegiance to defend the Saekari and the Paragon. They are tasked with the defense of Mirhaime, and its national interests; carry out the work of mobilizing and propagating the guidelines of the Ansan Coalition, policies and laws of the State; participate in tasks of civil defense, as well as perform any obligations and duties that may arise. Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained in Sarvimaa, Phoenixia and Taiyō. Joint military exercises and war games have been held with Antora, Sarvimaa, Taiyo, Volscina.
Mirhaime has conscription for all able-bodied citizens aged 18-38, except those who can prove that their loss would bring hardship to their families. Citizens who have yet to complete pre-university education or are awarded the Public Service Commission scholarship can opt to defer their draft. Military service is a requirement for induction into orders of chivalry.
Overall, only one universal mobilization have been declared to ensure the territorial integrity of Mirhaime. This was declared following the formation of the Federation in 1650 under the Herad Arascain Ascendancy to solidify, and defend Mirhaime's established borders from threats within and without. This universal mobilization order was in effect for eight years before being rescinded in 1658.
Mirhaime Realm Guards
The Mirhaime Realm Guards (MRG) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces (MRDF). It maintains regular forces units at bases across Mirhaime, Sarvimaa, and Taiyo, and is also responsible for the Army Reserve, the largest component of the Primary Reserve. The Mirhaime Realm Guards has approximately 2,600 tanks in operation, including the TG-67K and TG-90NKs, which form the backbone of their mechanized armor and infantry forces. This also includes a sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including approximately 1,700 self-propelled TH-75NK howitzers and 720 helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support. The Realm Guards trace its lineage from the Trinterian Banner Army which was established following the establishment of the Trinterian Commonwealth. Following the collapse of the Commonwealth, the Banner Army splintered into different warring factions that either came to swear allegiance to their native Ga or come to form mercenary companies. Amongst these remnants emerged the Army of the Republic of Lestek'ha which later evolved into the Trinterian Confederacy following its establishment in 1625. The subordinate Trinterian Grand Army of the Confederation went on to play a key role in establishing the Mirhaime Federation in 1650, and later the protection its independence. From a number of decisive victories, the Mirhaime Realm Guards helped forged a national identity, and a great sense of national pride.
In a 2011 survey conducted by Oryx Mirhaime, 98% of all Mirhaimian citizens support the conscription system.
Mirhaime Realm Armada
The Mirhaime Realm Armada trace their origins to the Banner Armada of the Trinterian Commonwealth which was established in earnest in 992 under the reign of Empress Aine Elmear Feldrot nar Loren Ke'sed. Following the collapse of the Trinterian Commonwealth, vessels of the Banner Armada either swore allegiance to their native land or descended into piracy, and pillaging coastal settlements. They were either absorbed into the Mirhaime Realm Armada following its establishment on June 3, 1650 or destroyed in the following years. The Armada's first major transformation into a blue-water navy came when it inherited more than 290 sea-worthy flotillas from the former navies of constituent states. Split into several naval regions, the Mirhaime Realm Armada maintains approximately 180 commissioned vessels in its service, including a battle group of the Admiral Zion Sedar-class destroyers, the Srogram-class corvettes, the Tinsak-class attack submarines, and the Mirgotek-class Amphibious Assault Ship. These vessels, equipped with fleet-defense systems form an integral part of Mirhaime's missile defense umbrella. The naval aviation force consists of about 70 fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft. The Armada Marine Force has about 300 tracked vehicles including assault amphibious vehicles.
Mirhaime Realm Armada Marine ForcesThe Mirhaime Realm Armada Marine Forces (MRAMF), commonly referred to as the Mirhaimian Armada Marines are organized under the control of the Mirhaime Realm Armada as a National Strategic Maneuver Force, the Marines perform amphibious operations. The Mirhaimian Marines trace their origins to the Banner Armada Marine Forces, which was established on April 20th, 1367 in the homeport of the Grand Armada of the Commonwealth, Blaithnad.
Following the collapse of the Commonwealth, the Marine Forces remained in the service of the Free City of Blaithnad till it was absolved into the Federation as a Special Metropolitan Region. The Marine Forces was merged into the Mirhaime Realm Armada following its establishment on June 19, 1850 with an initial strength of 26 commissioned officers, 54 non-commissioned officers, and 300 marines. As of 2022, the Marines maintain a force of approximately 29,000 personnel organized into two divisions and two brigade combat groups under the Armada Marines Command. The Realm Armada Marines possess approximately 300 tracked vehicles including assault amphibious vehicles, main battle tanks, and self-propelled artillery. As a National Strategic Maneuver Force under the Armada, their main task are to carry out amphibious operations, and other missions include defense and amphibious operations in islands under the control of the Mirhaime Federation as well as training reserve forces. The Marines also maintain a small contingent in Sarvimaa.
Mirhaime Realm Air Force
Originally created in 1909 as a part of the Mirhaime Realm Guards, the Mirhaime Realm Air Force was established as a separate branch of the Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces in in 1944 with the passing of the Zion Sedar Act of 1944. It is the second youngest branch of the Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces, and the third in order of precedence. The Mirhaime Realm Air Force operates 898 aircraft, the bulk of which are domestically-produced TKN-82BKs, TKC-80DKs, and HL-1As Advanced Jet Trainers supported by well-maintained fleet of support aircrafts. The Realm Air Force aircraft also operates several AWACS and AEW&C aircraft for centralized intelligence gathering and analysis, as well as support other aerial assets perform their missions with enhanced awareness and precisions.
In 1982, the Sarvian Workers' Air Force struck a deal with Tenkir Aeronautics Ltd. in a billion-dollar contract to procure an initial batch of 48 TKN-82S. As of 2022, Sarvimaa is the largest operator of the TKN-82s outside of Mirhaime with a fleet of more than 320 aircrafts.
Mirhaime Realm Strategic Support Force
The Mirhaime Realm Strategic Support Force (MRSSF) is the space, cyber, and electronic warfare force and the 5th branch of the Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces. It was established on June 2, 2012 as part of the 2004-2017 Armed Forces Reorganization Program.
With an aim to improve the army's ability to fight, and enhance the MRDF's power projection capabilities in space and cyberspace, the SSF is a new force designed to allegedly break stovepipes in the intelligence sharing and coordination departments of the different branches. On July 24, 2012, the Mirhaime Department of War's white paper collection "Mirhaime's National Defence in the New Era" issued by the Mirhaime Realm Council Information Office stated, "The strategic support force is a new type of combat force to maintain national security and an important growth point for new combat capabilities. Including battlefield supremacy, information communication security, the protection of information communication security, and the development and procurement of new technology for use by uniformed services of the Federation of the Mirhaimian Realm."
Having developed over thousands of years, Mirhaime is home to some of Novaris' oldest advanced civilizations, and has been one the centres Eastern Novaran cultural development for centuries. Many Mirhaimian artists have been among the most renowned of their time in the region as Mirhaime is still widely recognized for its rich cultural traditions.
Though often plagued with problems economical, and social, successive political regimes from the eras of the Commonwealth to the ascendancies of the Federation have always promoted artistic creation. The creation of the Department of Cultural Development and Preservation (DCDP) in 1964 helped preserve the cultural heritage of the country and make it available to the public. The Department of Cultural Development and Preservation has been very active since its creation, granting subsidies to artists, promoting Mirhaimian culture in the world, supporting festivals and cultural events, protecting historical monuments. The Mirhaimian government also succeeded in maintaining a cultural exception to defend audiovisual products made in the country.
The rapid industrialization and urbanization of Mirhaime in the 18th and 19th century have brought many changes to the way modern Mirhaimians in many regions live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Loren, and large industrial cities such as Blaithnad and Potza, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements. A 2018 study conducted by MHMonitor found that Mirhaimians are amongst the greatest consumers of alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world. The primary liquor consumed being ale, beer and the traditional Zurao (a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash). Mirhaimian beer consumption per person stands at 115 litres (25 imp gal; 30 common gal) in 2017 and remains among the highest in the world
Mihaime has a long and varied musical history. Throughout all eras of the Commonwealth, myusic experienced golden eras thanks to the patronage of many empresses and emperors who employed many talented musicians and composers to populate their royal court. The most renowned composers of each Commonwealth era were Ceri Atrud nar Osten of the First Era, Gwennlyn Bekan nar Giker'ha of the Second Era, Carwyn Fion nar Ilai of the Third Era, and Clodagh Zarai nar Loren of the Fourth Era. During the one hundred year-long Anarchy period, Mirhaimian musical creation lost dynamism, but in the next century following the formation of the Federation......
Mirhaimian composers played an important role in music from the 17th to early 20th century, which is considered to be the era of Siinkarist, and romanticism of both life, and warfare (especially in defence of one's homeland, and the struggle of a soldier). Music adhering to the siinkarist philosophy heavily emphasized on a strong NATIONAL identity, defence of one's family, and country. Many songs, and compositions following such philosophy often evolve into patriotic songs. This is supported by a sort of romanticism pioneered by composers of the early 18th century which places emphasize on a fascination with the past and the supernatural, the exploration of unusual, strange and surprising sounds. This period was also a golden age for operas.
In the early years of the 20th century, as Mirhaimian society was modernising, traditional music had fallen out of favour, especially in urban areas. However, since the 1860s, Mirhaime has experienced a tremendous revival of its folk music. Numerous festivals were created, along with smaller fest-noz (popular feasts) both to preserve traditions and boost tourism with active support by the federal government. Chief amongst the revival of folk music are batagau, bands composed of bagpipes, bombards and drums (including snare). The Lann-Bihoue batan, one of the most well-known, belongs to the Mirhaime Realm Armada hailing from the Tiarna of Blaithnad. They are the only band who do not compete in the annual batagau competitions, and instead hold a position in the finalist jury. Zabak (a sort of harp) is also common, as are vocals and dances. The Kanha diskan is the most common type of singing. The performers sing calls and responses while dancing. Traditional Mirhaimian dances usually imply circles, chains or couples and they are different in every region. The oldest dances seem to be the passepied and the gavotte.
Amongst the revival efforts of the 19th century, Ythar Daksin contributed most in reintroducing the Zabak and reviving traditional Mirhaimian folk music from different regions.
Melody of Lights, a popular nationwide songwriting competition organised annually by the Mirhaime Realm Broadcasting Union (MRBU), sees all 42 federal Ga, and Special Administrative Regions compete for the title of Best Original Song. Accompanying Melody of Lights are localized competitions to decide a tiarnas' reprensentative band/singer on a national level. The longest running champion of Melody of Lights is Loren SAR, followed closely by Yentak, and Uso.
Melody of Lights is credited to be a major influence in the revival of Mirhaimian folk music, and advancement of modern music genres in Mirhaime.
Mirhaimian cinema consists of the film industry and its film productions, whether made within Mirahime or by Mirhaimian film production companies abroad (predominantly in countries like Sarvimaa). It is one of the oldest and largest precursor of national cinemas in Eastern Novaris.
Mirhaime continues to have a particularly strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the government. As of 2022, Mirhaime stands amongst some of the largest exporter of films in the world. A study conducted by Cinemagraph Mirhaime showed that Mirhaimian cinema maintains a positive influence, being relatively appreciated by global audiences, particularly in countries where Mirhaimian culture is more prominent such as Sarvimaa because of nation's long standing military presence.
Apart from its strong and innovative film tradition, Mirhaime has also been a leading destination for filmmakers and actors from around the world; consequently, Mirhaimian cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Directors such as something something (I'll get to this later)
Sport in Mirhaime plays an important role in Mirhaimian society, and is often seen as grounds upon which healthy competitions between constituent regions can be conducted. The many sports played and followed in Mirhaime predominantly include traditional Fefsen games (including Namrhyd football, iomaint and camoghagh), association football, horse racing, show jumping, greyhound racing, basketball, fishing, handball, motorsport, boxing, tennis, hockey, golf, rowing unions etc.
In terms of participation, Namrhyd football is the most popular team pursuit for both males and female at 12.4%. This is followed closely by association football (soccer) at 5.3%. Personal exercise (at 32.4%) and running (16.9%) are the most popular individual activities. Traditionally, team sports do not figure highly amongst females, with a greater percentage of post-school-age women choosing individual sports and fitness activities.
In terms of support and attendance, Namrhyd football accounted for 48% of total sports attendances at events in the Mirhaime Federation in 2003, followed by iomaint at 23%, association football (soccer) at 16% and camoghagh at 8%. In 2018, Initiative's ViewerTrack study measuring sports audiences showed that Namrhyd Football's highest-profile match, the Realm Fotball Championship Final, was the most watched event of the nation's sporting year.
In terms of funding, of the 173 million Inters allocated in the Mirhaimian government's 2017 Capital Sports Programme, approximately 54 million was allocated to sports such as amrhyd football, iomaint and camoghagh as well as other games overseen by the Realm Athletic Association, 9.7 million to soccer, 4.3 million to rugby, 3.8 million to tennis, golf 2.4 million, sailing and rowing 1.9 million each, boxing and athletics over 1 million each, swimming 1.2 million, with the remainder allocated among other sports and sporting groups.
A notable aspect of Mirhaimian metropolitan culture is the surprising prominence of street racing which later helped shape the face of future professional Mirhaimian motorsports. Having started with the introduction of high-powered muscle cars, and relatively affordable models of automobile under the Breandán M. Kairas Ascendancy, the Mirhaimian street racing scene initially started off as a form of unsanctioned and illegal auto racing that occurs on a public road. With the participation of military veterans, street racing events in Mirhaime are often very well coordinated and organized both to minimize property damage as well as high-profile confrontation with the police. Under the Zirlaidh Ascendancy (1994-1999), heavier punishments were set in place as police patrol, raids and arrests intensified. Following the legalization of street racing in legally-sanctioned tracks in 1996, street racing in densely populated area disappeared almost entirely as the majority of races moved onto these tracks. The most famous track is the 3.4km long Elwyn in the Lorenian district of Cadaf.
As of 2022, the largest organized street racing event is the federally-approved Road Rash which was first legally held in 1997. The event is typically held in legally-sanctioned tracks across the country from May to July. It is both televised on MRTV Street, and enjoys relative fame on the internet where it maintains a sizable presence.
Paralleling the growth of night racing in the 1970s, interests began to appear in legal professional motorsports itself. Many founding members of Stock Auto Racing Union of Mirhaime (SARUM), the first auto racing sanctioning and operating company in Mirhaime having begun their career in prolific street racing organizations of the early 1970s. SARUM is the sole organizers of nearly all of Mirhaime's most prominent leagues ranging from the minor semi-professional Rein Series to the prestigious Supreme Series. Formula racing also enjoys relative popularity in Mirhaime in the form of the single-seater motor racing GF-2 Series which professional racers often use as a stepping stone to the Formula One GF-1 Series.
Fitness and Aerobatics
A fitness culture was first developed in Mirhaime in the 17th century following the establishment of the Trinterian Confederation. Personal fitness was greatly promoted as a means to enhance body in order to sustain public morals and to mold better citizens and soldiers for the wars that Mirhaime fought during that period. Saeri Niahm Angarad was a pioneer in the ncorporation and teaching of physical education into public schools during the later half of the 17th century. In 1672, the Supreme Medical Board of Mirhaime made a report to present to the Saedikar wherein they stated that by improving one's overall fitness, an athlete became superior to those who merely focused on a subset of muscles or actions. As a result, throughout the era of Toiras Soikan, Mirhaime saw the rise of a physical culture, a movement that emphasized physical exercise for men, women, and children alike. This culture was further promoted by the Mirhaimian Realm Defence Forces which has historically enjoyed a relatively large pool of manpower by way of mandatory military services as stated by the Constitution.
Aerobatics in Mirhaime trace back to 1965 when the Mirhaime Realm Defence Forces launched a military-wide Aerobics Championship with the goal of encouraging fitness within all uniformed services, and improving overall combat readiness in all federal citizens subjected to general mobilization. With the first broadcast airing on MRDS-24 in October 27, 1965, the championship gained immense popularity even outside of the military and helped further the fitness culture that is still relevant in Mirhaime today.
The broadcast focused heavily on acrobatic gymnastics, a sort of competitive gymnastic discipline where partnerships of gymnasts work together and perform figures consisting of acrobatic moves, dance and tumbling, set to music written by aspiring military and civilian bands.
Acrobatic gymnasts perform in pairs or groups and enter into and are judged at a specific level or age group category. In each partnership, the gymnasts' different sizes and abilities will be balanced to complement each other in order to carry out the complex moves. Some will mainly carry out supporting and pitching roles, and are known as bases. They are then balanced with usually smaller gymnasts who become the 'tops'. In men's and women's groups there is also one or two 'middles', who are like another base who usually will support the top while balancing on the base. The different partnerships seen in competition are:
- women's pair (two females)
- men's pair (two males)
- mixed pair (a male base and a female top)
- women's group (three females)
- men's group (four males)
The rules of the sports are stated within the Code of Points which is governed by the Mirhaime Realm Federation of Gymnastics. These rules are subject to change every four years in line with the Olympic cycle, as in other disciplines of gymnastics.