National Assembly of the Andorinhões
|National Assembly |
|8th Andorinhean legislature|
|Founded||June 5, 1914|
|Preceded by||Parliament of Martlet|
General Assembly of the People
|New session started||September 21, 2020|
|Speaker||Pamela Ovelhas, NA |
Since September 2, 2019
|Deputy Speaker||Catarina Serras, NA|
Fabricio Filgueira, CC
Tadeu Pedreira, TC
Committee of the Legislation
Committee of the Parliamentary Affairs
|Voting system||Party-list proportional representation|
|Last general election||September 2, 2019|
|Next general election||September 4, 2023|
|Assembly Meeting Chamber|
Palace of the National Assembly
São João das Ilhas, Andorinhões
|Constitution of the Andorinhões|
|Part of a series on the|
|Politics of the Andorinhões|
The unicameral National Assembly (Marabillese: Assembleia Nacional) is the legislative body of the Constitutional State of the Andorinhões. It is the direct successor of the General Assembly of the People and the Parliament of Martlet.
The first legislative body to have existed in the Andorinhões are the Estates General called approximately every 6 years by the Order of the Holy Cross. The meetings were mostly used to elect the people on the Sovereign Council and the Chancellor of the Sovereign Land. Thus, there is debate on its official status as a legislative body.
The first official legislative body came at the end of the Lúpulo Revolution with the proclamation of the Martletan Republic. The Parliament of Martlet was a bicameral legislature with the Legislative Assembly being elected and the nominated Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in Colheitas.
The Silent Revolution brought the introduction of socialism principles in the Andorinhões and the proclamation of the Socialist Republic of the Martlets Islands. The biggest change was the abolition of the upper house and the decision to move the legislative body from Colheitas to São João. For these reasons a new building was commissioned and was inaugurated in 1972. It operated for a year before it was renamed the General Assembly of the People.
The coup d'État by Octávio Forte proclaimed the People's Republic of the Andorinhas and elections were abolished. The General Assembly of the People remained but as a nominated institution.
With the reintroduction of democracy in 1991, a new Constitution was drafted which settled on the name National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) and introduced the actual legislative body.
The National Assembly consists of 76 members. Members are elected by popular vote for legislative terms of four years from the country's twelve constituencies. Except for the constituency for Andorinhean living abroad, which is fixed a two members, the number of voters registered in a constituency determines the number of its members in the assembly, using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation.
The Andorinhões has twelve constituencies for the National Assembly, 11 are in the Andorinhões and the other is abroad.
|Constituency||No. of members|
|Santa Maria–São Vicente||7|
|Glória de Ele||5|
|Santo Ambrosio–Santa Rosa–Santa Ana||15|
|São João–São Miguel||9|
|Céu–Sagrada Família–São Domingos||4|
|Flores de Lírio||4|
According to the Constitution, Deputies represent the entire country, not the constituency from which they are elected. This directive has been reinforced in practice by the strong role of political parties in regard to Deputies. This shaped the electoral law to state that the seats belong to the political parties and not individual members. As such, Deputies are expected to vote with their party and to work within parliamentary groups based on party membership. Party discipline is thus strongly enforced and insubordinate Deputies are more than likely to lose their seats.
Speaker of the National Assembly
The Speaker of the National Assembly is the second highest elected post, after the Governor, and is elected by secret vote of the Deputies. The Speaker of the National Assembly is aided by three Deputy Speakers, nominated by the other parties represented in the National Assembly. When the Speaker is not present, one of the Deputy Speakers takes the role of speaker.
|Political affiliation||Parliamentary Leader||Seats||%|
|We Andorinheans||Alícia da Praia||39||51.32|
|Conservative Coalition||Leo Sautor||13||17.11|
|Democratic Alternative||Tomé Avilar||10||13.16|
|Constitutionalist Tradition||Isabel Pecuarista||5||6.58|
|National Assembly of Independents||Albano Peres||3||3.95|
|New Socialist Option||Meritxell Capela||3||3.95|
|National Labour Party||Fausto Dourado||2||2.63|
|Republican Reformists Group||Adriano Prateiro||1||1.32|
Only political parties which have five or more deputies in the National Assembly can be considered Parliamentary Groups under the Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly. As of 2021, there are only 4 recognized Parliamentary Groups in the National Assembly.
- Main article: 2019 Andorinhean legislative election
|National Assembly of Independents||39,367||7.43|
|New Socialist Option||33,856||6.39|
|National Labour Party||32,788||6.09|
|Republican Reformists Group||26,956||5.09|
|Federation of Creditists||14,745||2.78|
|League of Progressive Forces||10,174||1.92|
|People's Front of Communal Revolution||6,702||1.26|
|Unity of the Cross||3,383||0.64|
Distribution by constituency
|Céu–Sagrada Família–São Domingos||9,080||2||8,102||1||3,680||-||5,402||1||2,603||-||447||-||780||-||4,461||-||1,369||-||164||-||755||-||77||-||275||-||4|
|Flores de Lírio||7,427||1||8,359||2||2,816||-||5,446||1||2,163||-||1,183||-||1,408||-||3,385||-||1,163||-||286||-||511||-||184||-||273||-||4|
|Glória de Ele||13,089||3||4,384||1||4,942||1||3,336||-||2,995||-||1,933||-||1,420||-||920||-||765||-||373||-||150||-||126||-||115||-||5|
|Santa Maria–São Vicente||12,537||3||5,182||1||6,138||1||3,886||1||4,347||1||3,719||-||2,750||-||1,702||-||1,415||-||963||-||332||-||540||-||150||-||7|
|Santo Ambrosio–Santa Rosa–Santa Ana||32,482||7||8,721||1||11,922||2||11,085||2||5,048||-||6,724||1||6,929||1||7,216||1||3,245||-||2,983||-||2,556||-||1,762||-||1,101||-||15|
|São João–São Miguel||25,014||5||6,760||1||8,473||1||3,814||-||4,487||1||3,729||-||5,164||1||3,067||-||1,849||-||1,680||-||950||-||1,456||-||493||-||9|