Province of Jumhurikesh
luDominmne aJumhurikesh (Packilvanian)
Motto: "Yadhaabekhi weluNahir Jumhur" (Packilvanian)
("Cross the Jumhur River")
Anthem: "leTahiy leBenaan aleBakhil leSurih (Packilvanian)
(Glad Tidings of the Rushing Waters)
|Location of Jumhurikesh|
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages|
|Ethnic groups||Feline (98%)|
|Government||Subnational non-federal devolved entity|
• Judge President
|Legislature||Provincial Legislature of Jumhurikesh|
|Highest level administrative division|
|1,500,000 km2 (580,000 sq mi) (2nd in Packilvania)|
|1.026 trillion KRB|
|Today part of||Packilvania|
The Province of Jumhurikesh (Packilvanian: luDominmne aJumhurikesh) is one of the highest-level administrative divisions of Packilvania. Entirely landlocked, it borders Shakar to the north west, Ashura to the west, Iganar to the south, Fidakar to the south east, Allegheny, to the east and Drakkengard to the north east. It is the second largest province in Packilvania by land area.
Jumhurikesh is named after the Jumhur River which is one of the three largest rivers of Packilvania, alongside the Ufrata River and the Meked River (after which Mekedesh is named). The suffix -esh at the end of the name is an ancient convention in Packilvanian nomenclature to indicate that a word was referring to the watershed or basin of a large body of water such as a lake or a river. The term Jumhur comes from the Jumhur Empire which ruled over an area coextensive with modern-day Jumhurikesh that existed from the early 1000s BCE to the late 700s CE when they were defeated and amalgamated into Packilvania by the Iktanite dynasty. The term Jumhur is of unknown origin.
Although Packilvania is constitutionally a unitary state, the Sultan of Packilvania and Parliament of Packilvania have devolved considerable autonomy to the provinces over their internal management. As other Packilvanian provinces, Jumhurikesh has control over nature conservation, education, healthcare, social welfare, urban planning, transport, energy, budget, land use and mining rights, and agriculture and fishing. It shares legislative power over water rights, interprovincial commerce, emergency response, construction safety standards, taxation, protection of cultural heritage, and trade routes, and post-secondary education with the national government.
The Governor, currently Prince Jibrael, was appointed in 1995 by Sultan Namdun III. He has the power to appoint and dismiss the Premier and Provincial Executive Council, to adjourn and open sessions of the Provincial Legislature, represent the province, to recommend legislation for veto etc. Prince Jibrael has been characterised as more of a figurehead, leaving much of the daily running of the province to the Premier.
Premier Bismal Ithudin is the head of the executive branch and chairman of the Provincial Executive Council. He sets the policy directives, oversees the work of the Provincial Ministers and presides over their meetings. The current Premier was appointed in 2012 by Prince Jibrael. He has had a long career in the civil service, serving in a plethora of positions in the Jumhurikesh local and provincial governments most notable as Mayor of Kalaigard.
The Provincial Executive Council is responsible for implementing legislation and policy and proposing provincial legislation. It consists of 18 Provincial Ministers who oversee different provincial executive departments. The Provincial Legislature is the law-making body. It consists of over 700 Provincial Legislators, technically appointed by the Sultan, of whom 500 are nominated by the Municipalities, 95 are nominated by the Jumhurian Magisterium of Paxism, 25 are nominated by the Jumhurian Council of Peers, 15 are nominated by the Jumhurian Business Forum, 10 are nominated by the Jumhurian Universities Association, and 5 by Recognised Religious Minorities.
The Jumhurian High Court is the highest court for appeals for cases arising from Jumhurikesh and concerning Jumhurian provincial law. Most cases must pass through the High Court before being escalated to the Supreme Court. Led by Judge President Prince Ruhaad, the Jumhurian High Court is based out of Everyet but seated across the five largest cities.
Jumhurikesh has been inhabited for millions of years. The first known civilisation is believed to have originated 13 million years ago by pre-modern sapient beings. They used primitive tools made from local materials such as wood and bone. Although nomadic, traces of their existence can be found in mass fossilised remains which indicate burial practices. Not much else is known about these beings including their species.
The first evidence of modern day Feline habitation is 1.5 million years old, with evidence of other species such as Vulpine and Humans originating at most 200,000 years later. The oldest form of writing was discovered in 1345 by Rashmad Erkudim in the form of a stone tablet which was dated in 2003 to about 3,200 years ago.
The first major antique civilisation is the Ufratian Civilization which existed on the shores of the Ufrata River from 3700 BCE to 2500 BCE, following which the civilisation's artefacts and structures decayed as people returned to pastoralism and nomadism. From 1200 BCE to 200 CE the Jumhurian Empire ruled over the Jumhur River basin. The area is believed to have been converted to Besmalism or Paxism about 1000 BCE, following the conversion of Simadien II of the Drumite dynasty. From 1200 BCE to 200 CE the Jumhurian Empire ruled over the Jumhur River basin.
Jumhurikesh was founded in 1689 after Saidun the Conqueror defeated and unified the 18 petty Kingdoms which comprised its modern-day territory. He placed his brother Prince Shalmad in charge of Jumhurikesh. There were often rebellions and uprisings from local rulers who felt undermined and dispossessed by the loss of their power, positions and territory.
Under Saidun II, the Peace of Kalaigard was signed whereby the Imperial Court at Everyet was established whereby the deposed petty Kings could live under the Sultan's grace in a court held on his behalf by the Lieutenant Governor of Jumhurikesh.