Constitution of East Cerdani
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|Politics of East Cerdani|
The Constitution of the Cerdani Democratic Republic (East Cerdani) is the basic law governing the Cerdani Democratic Republic. It was adopted on August 11, 1921 and was amended twice before a significant amendment in 1984. It was last amended in 2016.
The constitution of the Cerdani Democratic Republicbecame effective at midnight on 10–11 August 1921. Under the original constitution East Cerdani was a republic in which the Socialist Revolutionary Party of Cerdani (SRD) was the sole legal party. The Chancellor was the chief of state; the president of the SRD had to be the Chancellor of the Republic. He acted on the advice of the Council of State Ministers, which he appointed and over which he presided. He also appointed provincial governors. The Nationale Volksrat, with 400 members, was the supreme organ of the state. Elections to the Assembly were held every five years, with the candidates chosen from a single Socialist Party slate.
The 1932 amendments removed the position of Chancellor, dividing the responsibilities of the role among the State Council as a collective leadership body that was elected instead of appointed. The position of Chairman of the State Council was created to replace the position of Chancellor as the Head of State and was now an elected position.
The 1950 amendments were the second major amendment to the constitution. It transformed the Nationale Volksrat into the Volkskammer and for the first time allowed multiple parties to participate in elections, the Socialist Revolutionary Party however had an absolute majority and the minor parties were only allowed a handful of seats.
The 1965 amendment was a small amendment which added a section concerning national symbols; The flag, the emblem and the anthem.
The 1984 amendments saw a complete overhaul of the constitution, including an update to the language and freedoms and duties of citizens. The Volkskammer was expanded to 400 seats and the majority of the Socialist Revolutionary Party was reduced to allow seats for other parties. The electoral system was drastically changed to reflect this. The constitution now explicitly afforded and guaranteed rights for LGBT+ communities and other marginalised groups.
The 1999 amendment was a small amendment which removed National Holidays from the constitution, making them a matter for the Volkskammer to enact and review in national law.
In continuation of the revolutionary traditions of the Cerdan working class and based on the liberation from monarchism, capitalism and fascism, the people of the Cerdani Democratic Republic have carried out in accordance with the processes of historical development of our era, the right to social-economic, state, and national self-determination and designed in a developed and prosperous socialist society. Imbued with the will to determine their fate freely, to continue undeterred on the path of socialism and communism, of peace, democracy and friendship with peoples, the people of the Cerdani Democratic Republic have given themselves this socialist Constitution.