User:The Oan Isles/sandbox/Faethalria

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The political system of Faethalria takes place in the framework of a unitary parliamentary democracy under a constitutional republic with a government comprising three branches as follows:

  • Executive: comprising the President (elected by the Parliament) and the Cabinet (appointed by the President)
  • Legislature: comprising a bicameral Parliament comprised of the Senate (elected by the Provincial Assemblies) and the House of Representatives (elected by proportional representation)
  • Judiciary: comprising the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court of Appeals, and other lesser courts and tribunals.

The Constitution formally came into force on 27 April 2017. It was passed in a referendum through a 74% majority and an 82% voter turnout on 15 March 2017. The Constitutional Assembly comprising 150 elected Faethalrians and 120 representatives of the Bursil Alliance began drafting the document on 02 January 2018. The Constitution predominantly reflects the influence of Great Morstaybishlia which was the dominant member of the Bursil Alliance i.e., the winning alliance of the Auroran-Pacific War, through introducing a parliamentary system designed to deter the concentration of power in a Matriarch-style leader.

The executive branch consists of the President who is elected by the Parliament every four years. The President, in turn, appoints Ministers who together comprise the Cabinet at his or her pleasure. Together, the Cabinet deliberates and decides important policies while individual Ministers head executive departments. As head of government, head of state, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the President is the most powerful person in the country, a position currently occupied by Jane Augusta. The legislature consists of the Bicameral Parliament which comprises the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives consists of 350 members who represent individual electoral districts of roughly equal populations who are elected via ranked-choice voting. The Senate apportions equal seats to each province and each member is elected by their Provincial Assembly. The judicial branch consists of the Constitutional Court at the apex as the court of last instance with powers of judicial review. The High Court comprises divisions seated in major cities with appellate and trial powers while Magistrate Courts are courts of first instance over most cases barring the most severe.