|Founder||Father Niall Meaghar|
|Ideology||Secularism, Militarism, Stratocracy|
Meagharism is a school of political philosophy which at it's core advocates for militarism, with the central idea being that for a person to be able to run their own lives as well as have a say in government, they must gain discipline as a member of the military or armed forces. It is most well known for being the driving ideology of The Secular Republic of Meagharia. Over the centuries it has evolved into several different schools.
The exact contents of Original Meagharism are controversial. This is due to the fact that the original writings of Father Meaghar are scattered, and not exactly cohesive. This combined with hundreds of years of secret Meagharite philosophers adding to the canon and giving the credit to Father Meaghar himself, this makes the exact ideological precepts of the ideology somewhat unclear. The main ideas of the philosophy which are all agreed upon is that it expressed opposition to the religious order of the Milofites, partially basing his refutation on a lack of divine intervention, with the Milofites being defeated handily in the Rodokan War, and refuted the idea of divine intervention on behalf of the Acronians due to their losses at sea.
The core of the Philosophy, which is what distinguishes all of its forms from other philosophical schools is the Meagharite Concept of Discipline. This discipline is divided into two distinct forms, which the Philosophy holds as equally important for the proper function of an individual and of a society. The first form of Discipline is called Pearsanta in the original Durdneelian, usually translated as Personal Discipline. Pearsanta is described as control over the Self, over ones emotions and actions, the ability of the individual to understand and act upon the world in a way that is moral and allows for the function of the individual in society. The second form is called Comhchoiteann, or Collective Discipline. This form is what the Philosophy describes as the actual functioning of society. It is the ability of the individual to share a collective will with their Comrade-Soldiers, allowing them to work together to make society function in the best way for all, rather than to the benefit of Theist Authorities.
Named after the first Grand Marshal of Meagharia,Burnsidism is a term used to describe the modern form of Meagharite Philosophy that is the driving ideology of Meagharia, mostly used outside of Meagharia itself. So-Called Burnsidism is based upon the book "The Path to Unity: or How to Heal a Broken Nation". This book is compiled from many texts, Credited to Father Meaghar. This book details both the way that Theism functions to control the population, keeping the Civilian population, the work force, and the Soldiers, the enforcers of society, as separate groups, making the nation inherently divided on those lines, allowing for the Priest caste to use faith based control to keep both groups in line. The solution posited in the book is to merge these two classes, by giving the entire civilian the discipline to run themselves, through Martial Service, so that they will be able to follow the commands of the law without as much martial control, allowing both classes to unite into the so-called Citizen-Soldiers, giving them the power to overthrow the Priestly caste. This ideology also explicitly against social restrictions that the text describes as "Theist Redirection", to distract from the evil of theism itself by attacking segments of the population. Because of this Women's and LGBT rights became explicitly in the former, and implicitly in the latter, were enshrined into the ideology, with the official position being that "No matter your individual qualities, if you can acquire the discipline to rule yourself, you are useful.".
In terms of Disciplinary concepts, Burnsidism places a focus upon Pearsanta, and the individuals discipline to ensure that they are making the right decision in a democratic system, but Comhchoiteann is important to ensure that whatever faction is in charge after any particular election the Nation will still follow them despite their previous opposition.
Marxism-Meagharism is an offshoot of Burnsidism that takes elements of Marxism, and especially Durakan Syndicalism. While Burnsidism only extends the discipline based right to rule to governmental power, Marxism-Meagharism extends this to power to the Means of Production. The roots of this ideology do not begin after the introduction of Marxism to Meagharia, but with the works of many Meagharite priests throughout the Milofite period, who took the position that rather than having their work be used by the Priestly caste, that through both their work as Laborers and their Discipline as Soldiers they gain their right to rule themselves and society. While these ideas would be somewhat influential they would not truly become common until Durakan Soldiers during the Meagharian Civil War helped to make these ideas more popular through the introduction of Marxist theory to the Meagharian Philosophical Sphere. With the base of the previous theories, new Meagharian Philosophers such as Spadlin O'Perre, to begin to incorporate Meagharite and Marxist thought. A seminal work in this was the book Church and Capital, written by Spadlin O'Perre, which claims that Theism and Capitalism rely on one another, or at least encourage the same mental tendencies, leading to the individual becoming oppressed. The ideology thus sees the elimination of Capitalism being the final step in the elimination of theism, and that by gaining Discipline as a Soldier, one will gain the discipline to allow for the Worker to run their workplace in a collective structured fashion, eliminating both the Priest Class and the Capital Class, and the intermeshing system of control that they create.
Marxism-Meagharism takes primarily from the concept of Comhchoiteann, beleiving that the will of the Community is the primary driver of ensuring that everyone within society is able to function together. This is primarily shown in their beleif that the Artificial hierachy between Capitalist and Worker in the workplace dampens the Comhchoiteann of the entire community, leading to decreased effeciency.