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Morstaybishlian Overseas Territory of New Calthia
Flag of New Calthia
Motto: "Our Hero, our Protector; Colonarius."
Anthem: "Rise the Empire through Union."
and largest city
|Official languages||Staynish |
|Ethnic groups |
|86% Human |
|Demonym(s)||Calthian, Caltharusian, Calth|
|228,050 km2 (88,050 sq mi)|
• 2019 estimate
• 2016 census
|101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi)|
|Driving side||the left|
|ISO 3166 code||NCL|
New Calthia, or New Calth (Meaning New Caltharus) is a Morstaybishlian territory on the continent Arcturia that borders the semi-autonomous state of Puntalia and Rodenia. New Calthia, together with Louzaria, make up the last colonies of the Morstaybishlian Empire in Arcturia.
New Calthia is the second largest Morstaybishlian colony with a total area of 228,050 km² (88,050.6 sq mi) including its several major islands, which is just under 1/8th of the size of Metropolitan Caltharus. It is also the second most populous Morstaybishlian colony with 23.15 million in 2016, just under 1/6th of the population of Metropolitan Caltharus. There are just over 101 people per square kilometre. 2 million people live in the capital, Boscawen.
New Calthia's countryside consists of partially open subtropical highlands and subtropical forests mixed with oceanic climate more towards the east, and a mixture of subtropical steppes and open habitat mesa grassland towards the west. There is a larger variety of species in the partially open subtropical highlands and subtropical forests than anywhere else in New Calthia. The subtropical forests are divided into two closely related subtypes.
South-eastern Alaias forests
The thicker, deeper, denser "South-eastern Alaias forests" are dominated by larger arcturmontane trees. These tall woodlands are typically found in sheltered gorges and mountainous areas in Alaias Province.
Typical species include massive trees such as yellowwoods, Ilex mitis, Kiggelaria africana, Assegai trees, ironwoods, Cunonia capensis, Cassine species, Olinia ventosa, and Rapanea melanophloeos, which form the highest canopy; smaller trees such as Halleria lucida, Diospyros whyteana, and Maytenus acuminata, which form a medium layer; as well as a variety of ferns, herbs, bushes, vines, and lianas (e.g. Asparagus scandens, Rhoicissus tomentosa). Though not as rich in biodiversity as the North-eastern Colonarius forests, these woodlands still contain a variety of endemic plants and animals which occur nowhere else in the world.
North-eastern Colonarius forests
The other subtype includes the bigger "North-eastern Colonarius forests".
This is a tall, dense, species-rich forest in a moist and warm temperate climate. The highest canopy is formed from the intermeshed crowns of the most massive trees. Understories are formed from medium-sized, multitrunked trees and the forest floor is home to a range of indigenous shrubs, bushes, ferns, and flowers. Enormous lianas and vines reach up to the canopy and between the branches and a variety of animals inhabit these woods. These woodlands spread far and wide in Colonarius Province.
The furthermost western regions of New Calthia sees subtropical forest turn to steppe bushland with trees in uncommon infrequent intervals, usually near bodies of water. The steppe bushland eventually merges with a mesa grassland. This area is drier but still arable. There are infrequent bushes and shrubs which seemed to have replaced the infrequent trees in this biome. Shrubbery exists alongside the Alais river basin.
Invertebrates such as insects and arachnids, small rodents, shrews and avian species inhabit the mesa grasslands, of which the most common avian species are the white-quilled bustard and the Nova-Calthia long-billed lark. The only predator in the mesa grasslands is the Arcturian eagle-owl.
- White quilled bustard- New Calth native.jpg
White quilled bustard male
- Nova-Calthia long-billed lark.jpg
Nova-Calthia long-billed lark
- Arcturian eagle-owl.jpg